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USGenWeb Archives for Alabama

Vernon Pioneer 1 June 1877

Microfilm Ref Call #373 Microfilm Order #M1992.4466 from The Alabama Department of Archives and History



Volume III Vernon, Lamar Co, Ala. June 1 , 1877 No. 8

PROFESSIONAL CARDS GEO. A. RAMSEY, Attorney At Law, Vernon, Ala. Will practice in the various courts of the 3rd Judicial Circuit. Special attention given to Supreme Court and U. S. District Court’s business.

MCCLUSKY & MCMULLAN , JNO. D. MCCLUSKEY and JNO. R. MCCULLAN, Attorneys-At-Law and Solicitors in Chancery – Vernon, Alabama - will practice in Lamar, Fayette, Marion, and the Courts of the 3rd Judicial Circuit. Special attention given to the collection of claims, and matters of administration.

SAMUEL J. SHIELDS, Attorney At Law and Solicitor in Chancery, Vernon, Alabama. Will practice in the counties of Lamar, Fayette, Marion, and the Courts of the 3rd Judicial Circuit. Special attention given to the collection of claims.

THOS. B. NESMITH – Solicitor for the 3rd Judicial Circuit. Vernon, Lamar Co., Ala.

NESMITH & SANFORD – T. B. NESMITH, Vernon, Ala. JOHN B. SANFORD, Fayette C. H. Attorneys at Law. Partners in the Civil practice in the counties of Fayette and Lamar. Will practice separately in the adjoining counties.

EARNEST & EARNEST. W. R. EARNEST GEO. S. EARNEST, Attorneys-At-Law and Solicitors in Chancery. Birmingham and Vernon, Ala. Will practice in the counties of this Judicial Circuit.

WILLIAM R. SMITH, Attorney At Law. Tuskaloosa, Ala. Will give prompt attention to all businesses trusted to his care. Will practice in the Federal Courts, at Huntsville, Montgomery, and Mobile.

MEDICAL Dr. W. L. MORTON & BRO., A. L. MORTON M. W. MORTON. Physicians & Surgeons. Vernon, Lamar Co., Ala. Tender their professional services to the citizens of Lamar and adjacent country. Thankful for patronage heretofore extended, we hope to merit a respectable share in the future. Drug Store.

SID. B. SMITH, M. D. Surgeon & Physician. Vernon, Alabama. Offers his professional services to the citizens of Vernon and vicinity. Office – at Pioneer office.

ADVERTISEMENT – ORIGINAL GOODYEAR’S RUBBER GOODS – Vulcanized rubber in every conceivable form. Adopted to Universal use. Any article under four pounds weight can be sent by mail. Wind and Water Proof garments a specialty. Our cloth surface coat combines two garments in one. For stormy weather it is a neat and tidy overcoat. By a peculiar process the rubber is put between the two cloth surfaces, which prevents smelling or sticking even in the hottest climates. They are made in three colors – Blue, Black, and Brown. Are light, portable, strong, and durable. We are now offering them at the extremely low price of $10 each. Sent post paid to any address upon receipt of price. When ordering, state size around chest, over vest. Reliable parties desiring to see our goods, can send for Trade Journal giving description of our leading articles. Be sure and get the “Original Goodyear’s Steam Vulcanized” fabrics. Send for illustrated price-list of our celebrated Pocket Gymnasium. Address carefully, Goodyear’s Rubber Curler Co. 697 Broadway, P. O. Box 5156, New York City.

POEM – “THE HAPPY TRIO” – by Donnie In the following peculiar poem Miss “Donnie” uses the pronoun “we” in the most ingenious manner we have ever seen, and still leaves it in an obscure mystery.


We our wife and we, Are a happy three, Living in the sunshine, Living in a shadow, Waiting for the coming Of an El Dorado.

We our wife and we, Are a happy three. Living in a moonbeam, Living in a shadow, Living in a dreamland Of an El Dorado.

We our wife and we, Are a happy three, Who are knowing us? Who are knowing we? Who’er can be knowing We our wife and we?

POEM – “IVON” - by WILL H. HERNAN Editor of the “States”, published at Okolona, Mississippi

Proud, perjured Ivon, fare thee well, I hate and loathe thy very name, I leave thee all alone to dwell, And riot in thy splendid shame.

It was in a bright, blissful moon, When by the blue, translucent sea, When blazed the blossoms of the June, Thou gavest thy guilty heart to me.

I took it, just as one who takes The rosy fruit of Dead Sea lands, Unthinking, till the apple breaks, And turns to ashes in the hands. But spirits walk the world today, Just as they did in ancient times, And the forsaken from the clay, Rose up and told me of thy crime.

Told how she was betrayed, and how Her orange-blossoms, white and sweet, Withered to dust upon her brow, And left her ------at my feet.

---- --- --- --- ---- The half moon lighted hill and mere, She slowly faded from my sight, And left me broken-hearted here.

And broken hearted, but the pang Of Magdalene was not for me – And all the saints in Aiden sang, For I was saved from sin and thee!

And though I might have lived in pride, Within thy palace halls, I know A thousand deaths I would have died, Like Eblis in his gorgeous wo------

Far, better far, that I should rest, All lonely in a nameless tomb, With pure hands folded on my breast And pure hands folded on my breast And pure and ransomed from the doom.

The doom that stern Nemesis brings To her whom gilded vice condones – An outcast from the King of Kings, An outlaw from the Throne of Thrones!

ARTICLE – SCOUT’S LIFE AN ILLUSTRATION OF THE PERILS THROUGH WHICH A BRAVE VIRGINIAN PASSED MAJOR MCCLELLAN in Philadelphia Times. The second adventure which I have promised to relate occurred when the federal army occupied Culpepper Court House, and the Confederate army lay in Orange County, Virginia. General Lee desired certain information which it seemed could be best obtained by an individual scout, and Stringfellow was selected for the service. It was necessary that he should penetrate the enemy’s camps, remain concealed as long as possible, and return when he had collected the desired information. His operations were to be conducted most at night. He wished to be accompanied by two men, one of whom, Farrish by name, had his home in the immediate vicinity of the enemy’s camp, and being intimately acquainted with all the country, could accurately guide him from place to place in the night as by daylight. The expedition was undertaken on foot, as the distance was not great, and concealment was of prime importance. The men were clad in their own uniform as scouts not spies. The country was a difficult one for the operations of a scout. From the long and frequent occupation by both the contending armies the land had been almost entirely denuded of its timber, and only here and there a few thin clusters of trees remained standing. One day had passed since they had entered the enemy’s lines; and with nightfall they commenced their wanderings among the hostile camps, mainly with the purpose of locating the different corps, and of ascertaining whether any troops had been detached from the army of the Potomac. The night had been nearly consumed in this way, when reaching one of the clusters of trees, of which I have spoken; they laid themselves down to catch a few moments rest. A single blanket covered the three men. Treacherous, fatal sleep! Their fatigue was greater and the night was further spent than they had supposed, and the sun shining bright in their eyes, when the party of six Federal soldiers, with their muskets in their hands, pulled away the blanket which covered them, and saluted them with a humorous “ Good morning Johnny Reb! Wake up!” Stringfellow, lying upon his back was the first to arouse and to comprehend the situation. Knowing that an open attempt to seize his arms would draw death upon him at once, he feigned to be only half awakened, and much to the amusement of his tormentors, turned upon his side, muttering and grumbling at being awakened, telling them to go away and let him alone. But by turning upon his side he gave to himself the opportunity of placing his hand unobserved upon the handle of his pistol and in another second he sprang upon his feet and opened fire. His companions joined in the attack, and for a few moments the firing was rapid and fatal. The Federal soldiers stood their ground, but at such close quarters the musket was no match for the revolver. There was no time to reload under the quick eye of Stringfellow, and once discharged the muskets were useless. A few seconds terminate the encounter, in which Stringfellow, found himself the sole survivor of his party, Farrish was killed; his other comrade had disappeared, he knew not how; four of the Federal soldiers lay dead at his feet; and the two others, having thrown down their empty guns, were running for their lives. But though the victor in this fight perils multiplied themselves around him. The trees among which he stood were surrounded on every side by open fields dotted thick with the enemy’s tents, some at a distance, some close at hand. Concealment was impossible, and he must run for his life; but run in what direction he might, enemies would be sure to intercept his course for the adjacent camps had been aroused by the firing, and the soldiers who had escaped would be sure to return with others to avenge the death of their comrades. At a distance of a few hundred yards, a little branch made its way through the open fields toward the river. Its banks were fringed with bushes, and while it offered only an utterly forlorn hope, Stringfellow turned toward it and ran. He was seen by those who had already started for his capture; seen to cross the open field; seen to enter the brush on the bank of the stream. And now vindictive shouts announced that the enemy felt sure of their prey, but not so. Entering the bed of the stream, a kind Providence guided him to a spot where the water had hollowed out for him a hiding place, behind the roots of an old stump. Underneath the bank and behind these roots he forced his body, having hastily collected what driftwood was within reach, still further to conceal his person; and there he lay, half covered by the water and the mud, and awaited the result. From every direction men were hurrying to the spot with the perfect assurance that the daring enemy would soon be in their power. For long, long hours did scores of searchers continue to examine every foot of the brush that lined the stream. Many times did hostile foes pass directly over Stringfellow’s body, and once a man more inquisitive than others, stopped while wading in the bed of the stream to examine the very spot where he lay. But the driftwood which was skillfully arranged for his concealment deceived the man, and he passed on without making the discovery. Toward afternoon the search slackened, and by nightfall it was abandoned. But not until the noise of the camps was hushed in slumber did Stringfellow dare to leave his retreat. Then following for some time the course of the little stream, he passes in safety out of the enemy’s line, swam the ---between the pickets and thankful to God for his deliverance, found himself once more among his friends.

ARTICLE – “SOUTHERN TIMBER” The Knoxville Tribune warns the people of East Tennessee against the wanton destruction of timber, which is becoming more valuable because scarcer every year. The best white oak is worth in Liverpool about 71 cents a cubic foot in our currency. Fancy oak, in billets suitable for wainscot, is worth much more. Good black walnut, of suitable sizes, is worth 85 cents a cubic foot. In January last, one hundred and forty-four logs from New Orleans sold in Liverpool at an average of $1.07 a cubic foot, American currency. Fancy walnut, suitable for veneering, sells for a much larger price. Ash is in moderate demand, but touch or finely grained wood is always salable. It is worth on an average about 60 cents a cubic foot. Fine ash for furniture, wainscot, or parquetry floors commands much higher figures. Bird’s eye maple, such as shipped from New York, sells at an average of $2.07 a cubic foot, in American currency. Hickory, if square about twelve inches and upwards, is worth for good quality, about 55 cents a cubic foot; extra touch for handles, spokes, etc is of course worth more. One man writes: “I believe a satisfactory market for hickory can be had in this country. I visited a spoke and handle factory in Pennsylvania, where the hickory purchased in the Shenandoah Valley, Virginia was costing $19.50 a cord.” The immense business in timber done at Pensacola, Mobile, and Pascagoula shows that Southern timber commands a good market. There is yet an abundance of material, but any one who looks out of the car windows, after passing Evergreen, and going either to Mobile or Pensacola, will see that nearly all the available trees on the line of the railroad have been cut down. There are immense forests however, back of these, along the various water courses emptying into Mobile and Pensacola bays. But the time is not far distant when the man who owns timber that can be easily floated to the ships will have a fortune at his command. There should, therefore, be no waste of trees – any more than of corn and other grain crops. One cause of destruction of pine trees on the Mobile and Montgomery R. R. is the imminent business which has suddenly sprung up in getting and distilling turpentine. Of course, in a matter of this kind, it is impossible not to destroy valuable timber. Mobile is now one of the best points for obtaining naval stores in the United States – made so largely by her timber and turpentine business.

ARTICLE – “IRON CROSS TIES” The great and increasing cost of wooden railway cross ties is directing the attention of managers in two directions – to the cultivation of more durable timber, and to the use of iron. We have alluded to the fact that iron ties are being tried on the Central Pacific Railway. A treatise has just been published in England, setting forth the great advantages of wrought iron in the construction of the permanent way for railways. The author argues its superiority over timber and points out the collateral advantage that its adoption would be the signal for a revival of activity in the iron districts, whose stagnation has seriously affected the railway interest. He recommends Hill’s system which is already adopted on a thousand miles of rail, and he states that the sleeper have been contracted for in Germany at about 6 pounds per ton. The system, it is further claims, is simple, exact and economical. Its maintenance costs about one third that of the ordinary permanent way. The gauge is maintained under violent strains, and all its parts are of unlimited durability, with the exception of the rail itself. Another recommendation is increased security of traffic, no perishable parts being used in construction. The system has found great favor on the continent, where many of the great lines adopt it.

ARTICLE – “A HANDY TABLE” – WEIGHTS We are indebted to a carpenter and contractor for the following table. To those who desire to make their own estimates for building it is worth pasting in their scrapbook. One thousand feet of flooring or ceiling will lay 800 feet of superficial ---. One thousand feet of siding, 750 feet. One thousand feet of rustic siding, ten inches wide, 900 feet. All lumber is measured before planting and is so calculated in all bills. Five gallons of oil is sufficient for 500 pounds of lead – boiled or raw; also, turpentine weighs seven pounds to the gallon. Eight pounds of properly mixed pain will cover three squares on good coat. It takes from five to six pounds of shingle nails to the thousand shingles. Twenty-five pounds of flooring brads will lay 1,000 feet of flooring. Sixteen pounds of flooring brads, three-penny, will lay one thousand feet of ceiling. Nails will weigh as follows: Seven inch spikes, 5 will weigh a pound. Sixty-penny nails, 9 to the pound; forty-penny, 13 to the pound; thirty-penny, 28 to the pound; twenty-penny 34 to the pound; twelve-penny, 48 to the pound; ten penny, 58 to the pound; six-penny, 153 to the pound; four-penny, or shingles, 304 to the pound. Average green fir lumber weighs 4 ½ pounds to the foot; seasoned, 4 pounds green cedar, about the same as fir; seasoned, 3 pounds. Five hundred feet of either green cedar or fir is equal to one ton. Green cedar shingles weigh about 400 pounds to the 1,000; dry, 250 to 300. Shingles bales, in what are called one-half bunches, should overrun or in other words, should contain 504 shingles; one quarter bunches fall short 4 to the bale, or 16 to the 1,000.

ARTICLE – “TIME” – by Owen Feltham, 1636. In all the actions which a man performs, some part of his life passes. We die while doing that for which alone our sliding life was granted. Nay, though we do nothing, time keeps his constant pace, and flies as fast in idleness as in employment. Whether we play, or labor, or sleep, or dance, or study, the sun posts on, and the sand runs. An hour of vice is as long as an hour or virtue. But the difference between good and bad actions is infinite. Good actions, though they diminish our time here as well as bad actions yet they lay up for us a happiness in eternity; and will recompense what they take away be a plentiful return at last. When we trade with virtue we do not buy pleasure at the expense of time. So it is not so much a consuming of time as an exchange. As a man sows his corn, he is content to wait a while, that he may, at the harvest, receive with advantage.

ARTICLE – “REVENGE” Banish all malignant and revengeful thoughts. A spirit of revenge is a spirit of the devil than which nothing can be more opposite to the temper which Christianity designs to promote. If your revenge be not satisfied, it will give you torment now, if it be, will give you greater hereafter. None is a greater self tormentor than a malicious and a revengeful man, who turns the poison of his own temper in upon himself.

ARTICLE – “DISAPPOINTMENTS AND SUCCESS” When poor Edward Keen was acting in barns to country bumpkins, barely finding bread for his wife and child, he was just as great a genius as when he was crowding Drury Lane. When Broughom presided in the House of Lords, he was not a bit better or greater than when he hung about in the Parliament House at Edinburg, a briefless and suspected junior barrister. And when George Stephenson died, he was the same man, maintaining the same principle, as when men of science and of law regarded him as a mischievous lunatic the individual who declared that some day the railroad would be the King’s highway and mail conches would be drawn by steam.

ARTICLE – “DARK DAYS IN CALIFORNIA” I find things in a frightful condition here. East of the Rocky Mountains you have no idea of the terrible depression on this coast. We are suffering from a complication of disorders. The great mining bubble has burst, and has ruined every one. I mean this literally, for not only have the rich or the middle class suffered, but the mania for speculation has spread to the very servants, and they are all today out of pocket and in debt. Men who but three or four months since supposed they were rich, are today begging for employment; and probably three persons out of every four are now making their first acquaintance with extreme poverty. The whole community seems to be beggared, and to add to our afflictions, we have just passes a great drought; our cattle are dying by the hundreds of thousands. Their carcasses cannot be sold for any sum, however small; and the ruin of cattle dealers will inevitably bring a great deal of land held in masses into the market to be sold for a song. People East, who have money, could not do better than come out here in order to take advantage of the reckless way in which all kinds of property are sold. Valuable farms and ranches can now be had for one-twentieth of their value, and city property is for sale at prices which would have seemed ridiculous a few years back. The depression is so great that it cannot last much longer in this way. But the suffering is intolerable, and bad as times have been in the East, they are as naught compared with the disaster which have overtaken the residents of the Pacific coast. Thousands are going to Arizona, where there is said to be gold for the digging; and the agricultural population will be increased, although at present agriculture is the most depressed industry we have. Word has been sent to John McCullough, in New York, that there is no use in his returning to the Pacific coast, and that his theater will have to be closed. This is the second year of drought since the settlement of California. Southern California is described as an “ash heap”, while the Sonoma, Sacramento and Sonora Valleys are burnt to a crisp. On one ranch alone 25,000 sheep were killed because they could not be fed. The costly Exchanges here, far superior to any you have in New York, are vacant, and have proved to be California’s greatest folly. Look out for trouble among the representative millionaires of the Pacific coast. [ N. Y. Graphic

ARTICLE – “THE CIRCASSIANS” Although subject to Russia, the Circassians have not abandoned their hope of freeing their country with the resistance of their old allies the Turks. In 1856 they sent a deputation to Constantinople imploring the Sultan’s protection; in 1862 a deputation arrived in London, and presented a petition to the Queen protesting against Russian rule and the right of Turkey to cede their country, as she had done nearly thirty years before, and in 1863, during a visit of the Czar, Alexander II, to the Caucasus, a delegation of Circassians waited upon him, praying to be left in possession of their country and promising to live on terms of peace and amity with the Russians. The Emperor refused and offered them the alternative of war or emigration. The mountaineers chose the former, but their great leader, Shamyl, was sadly missed and after a year’s fighting they submitted and there was a great emigration of about 200,000 people to Turkey. The Circassians yet remaining in the Caucasus are still discontented and ripe for revolution and if young Shamyl have but half the heart of his father, the Russian armies now operating in Asia Minor may suddenly find a more formidable foe in their rear than in front of them.

ARTICLE – “A CHINESE REVOLUTION” Last month the Chinese of Renoung rebelled against the Rajah and attacked him in his own palace, besides burning down all the government buildings and looting a junk stationed at the mouth of the Renoung River, belonging to the Rajah. The Rajah’s military force consisting of fifty men, who act in the double capacity of body guard and police was unequal to the contest a raging population of about 15,000 people composed for the most part of Chinamen. But the Rajah, with this force, shut himself in his palace, a fortified building boasting of a few pieces of artillery, and commanding the whole length of a broad, straight road. The rioters, in attacking the palace, filled the broad avenue, and it can be understood when the Rajah, loading his guns, it is said, with large quantities of rifle bullets, opened upon the dense mass, what terrible havoc must have been committed. Four hundred of the rioters are said to have paid the penalty with their lives, and it is difficult to say where the matter would have ended, has not a Siamese man of war from Junckceylog landed its marines, and restored order.

QUOTE – by Spurgeon If you have no sense of need, how can you pray? Would you knock at the door of charity, and then tell the good man of the house that you require nothing of him? Is not that man an -----trifler who rings-----surgery ball but tells the surgeon that he has nothing the matter with him and does not need his care? Prayers that are not based upon a sense of need are mockeries.


THE PIONEER. Vernon, Ala. Published Weekly. D. R. ALDRIDGE, Publisher. SID B. SMITH, M. D., Editor and Proprietor Friday June 1, 1877

ARTICLE SENATOR MORTON HAS WRITTEN A LETTER ON THE POLITICAL SITUATION! So habituated to the wave of the bloody shirt, he carries it with him into his dotage and waves it more furiously than ever, although some three months behind the times. His letter concludes: “As the Democracy have acquired a solid South by force, Republicans should acquire a solid North by their vigilance [in spreading slanderous reports upon the Southern people] and the eternal justice of their cause. Northern Republicans are now admonished that they can endure no division that will endanger their success. Should the North by unhappy discord be divided, and they fall a prey to the solid Confederate South, the rebellion will have been suppressed in vain, the fruits of the war lost, and our last condition worse than the first.” The Old Man is really unhappy over the prospect of restored harmony and union of the whole country. Discord dissention and a right to plunder has been the great hobby-horse which has carried him so long, and so faithfully, that he cannot give him up without one more “grunt.” As with Morton, so with thousands of men of his stripe. Never satisfied. Their ever thirsting desire for discord, and gain without labor never satisfied. Every village and hamlet throughout the whole country has more or less just such men – every ready and watchful to take advantage of any semblance of discord or division in our ranks, and whose great political aim is to keep the fan of prejudice and discord in motion. Mr. Hayes seems determined upon an honest and constitutional administration of Federal affairs, despite the opposition of his one party partisans. In the meantime, the Democracy of the South hold the balance of power, and can, by this means, hold the administration upon the right track, or defeat its wrong tendencies. But to maintain this power, and prevent the State governments from again falling into the hands of the Morton’s, the Spencers’ and their followers, it is of imperative necessity that the Democracy of the South should maintain its present solitary intact, until, at least, the Republican mangers become less vindictive, partisan, and corrupt in their aims and tendencies. For the Democracy of the South to maintain its solidity in State and Federal affairs it is necessary that our local organizations be kept intact – giving our allegiance first in thorough party organization, and then we may look after the interests of individual friends. Remembering that, at all times, our camps are under the surveillance of spies, ready to pilot the enemy through the first gap left down. Keep home matters thoroughly organized and well disciplined, and our interest abroad will work our thorough redemption

ARTICLE – “R. T. SMITH APPOINTED AS COLLECTOR OF PORT OF MOBILE” R. T. SMITH, late auditor of the State of Alabama, has been appointed by Mr. Hayes, as Collector of the Port of Mobile, vice Goodloe, one of Spencer’s statesmen, removed. This appointment is one of the best made by Mr. Hayes and will give general satisfaction to the people of this State. Mr. Smith, though a Republican, is not a partisan, devoting his time and attention to the duties or whatever office he may occupy.

ARTICLE – A secret meeting has been held in Washington for the purpose of organizing a national Republican Party in opposition to the Hayes supporters. About one hundred and fifty persons from the different states were present. Those from the North expressed themselves strongly against the course of Mr. Hayes and his Cabinet, alleging that they retained in office men who are opposed to the principles of the Republican Party to the ----- of its tried and trusted adherents. Those from the South declared that Mr. Hayes had discarded the states which had elected him and given attention to the enemies of the Party. Resolutions were adopted organizing the meeting into a national secret body. Permanent officers were elected, with power to institute branches throughout the country, with headquarters at Washington.

ARTICLE – “NATIONAL CROP EXPECTANCES” – Mont Adv. The Chicago Times publishes considerable data in regard to the crops to be gathered during the coming harvest in those regions tributary to Chicago. In Southern, Central, and Eastern Illinois it is expected that the wheat crop will be very large this year -–fully 40 percent beyond what it was in 1876 and equal to the great yield of 1874 – but the cold weather and the rains have retarded corn planting, and a portion of the southwest of the State is almost literally under water. As a natural consequences the corn crop outside of North Illinois is estimated at 34 percent below the average. We hope the extra crop in Alabama will make up this deficiency. In Northern Indiana the prospects of a good harvest are pronounced very encouraging. In Wisconsin the farmers are in good spirits, and expect a crop that may restore them to the prosperity that they enjoyed before the panic of 73. From Minnesota comes the same pleasant story, and the best agricultural authority in that State estimates the wheat crop at 40,000,000 bushels. In Iowa there is a decrease in wheat production, and the State is abandoning that cereal for corn. Nebraska and Kansas are in dread of the grasshopper, but vigorous efforts are being made to head them off and in Kansas from 10 to 20 percent more wheat than usual has been planted. On the whole the crop prospects in the Northwest may be considered quite promising.

ARTICLE – PRESIDENT TILDEN AND THE ELECTORIAL COUNT WHY HE DID NOT INSIST UPON HIS RIGHTS Special to Baltimore Sun Washington May 22 An eminent citizen of Alabama, who passed through Washington yesterday on his way back from New York, had, while in that city, an interview with Mr. Tilden. He said to Mr. Tilden that the people of the South were convinced that he had been fairly and lawfully elected to the office of President of the United States; that the people of that section, in common with the great body of the people of the whole United States, thought that Mr. Tilden, as the lawfully elected ruler of the country, should have taken early after the election a decided attitude, and insisted upon his rights; that had he done so, and the proper announcement of the vote of the electoral colleges been prevented, the House of Representatives would have elected him according to the forms of law, and made itself responsible for induction into the office which belonged to him. Mr. Tilden listened intently to the remarks of his visitor, a gentleman nearly twenty years his senior. He replied that he had thought carefully and most conscientiously over the subject in all its possible phases; that he had become convinced that should he adopt the course suggested it would be resisted by the Radical party to the extent of drenching the land in blood; that he shrunk from the responsibility of precipitating another terrible civil war upon his countrymen, and consented to the compromise which averted such a disaster. He felt as keenly as anyone the impropriety of the means by which the present result had been brought about, but, for all that, he did not regret his own action. As it was the people of the United States understood it; the Democratic party today occupied such a proud attitude before the country as it had never before occupied, and no mortal power could resist its triumphal march to success in 1880.

ARTICLE Preparations for closing the national amories and workshops are in progress at the ordinance bureaus of the War Department. This involves the discharge of some 600 skilled workmen. Sufficient force will be retained to guard the public property and kept the machinery in order.

ARTICLE – “SENATOR MORTON’S LETTER” – from the N. Y. Sun Senator Morton’s letter has about equal attention from the men in Indiana who are in office by reason of Morton, and from the South who are out of office by reason of Hayes, Senator Patterson, who may be taken as a fair representative of that class says that he sees nothing in the letter to show that Morton intends to break with the Administration, but he does see a manifest intention to stand by Kellogg and secure his admission an effort in which Patterson significantly says he does not think Morton will succeed, nor can he if Patterson and one or two more carpetbaggers vote against Kellogg. Morton’s office holding friends are scared by the letter, and look at it as the beginning of an open attack on the Administration.

ARTICLE – “MEXICAN MATTER” New York. May 26. A New Orleans dispatch to the Herald says: General Leveran, the agent of President Lerdo has just arrived here from Matamoras. It is understood from him that arrangements have been made with Sinaloa, Hidalgo, Chipas, Jaliseo, Tabasco and Campech, States of Mexico, to announce for Lerdo as soon as an attempt is made from this side. This will positively be made, and Gen. Escabedo is in San Antonio engineering the project. It will be first made as a feint on the Northern Pacific side, in Sonora, but the main attempt will be made near Matamoras. The boast was publicly made today by one of Lerdo’s agents here that he would be in possession of the Mexican capitol in less than three months. Efforts have been made here to purchase arms in considerable quantities, both rifles and revolvers to be shipped to San Antonio and Matamoras. Galveston, May 18. A Corpus Christi special reports the murder and robbery of a prominent citizen of San Diego and his son by eight Mexicans. The same party captured Scott, President of the Corpus Christi and Rio Grand Railroad, and others, robbing them of money, jewelry and clothes. The country is alarmed and the people are hunting for the robbers. Washington, May 28. General Ord was in consultation at the State Department upon Mexican matters. He represented there were but two ways of stopping these incursions; one by cooperation with the Mexican Government, and the other of following the marauders into Mexico. The matter rests with the Secretary of State, who hopes the necessity for our troops entering Mexico may be avoided by co-operation with Mexico.

ARTICLE – from Mont. Adv. A singular scene occurred last week in the South Carolina House of Representatives. A notorious lobbyist had engineered a job through the radical Senate. Forgetting the new order of things in that State, he attempted to get the House Committee to report his bill favorably, promising the members that he would liberally reward their services. These gentlemen at once reported him to the House. He denied the charges, but the evidence of the members of the committee was conclusive. By a resolution of the House he was consigned to jail for the remainder of the session. From his cell in the big stone house on the Congress he is now contemplating the beauties of nature and meditating on the differences between Radical and Democratic legislators. The former he has often caged – the latter caged him. And now his pet scheme languisheth. This will no doubt prove a salutary lesson to the whole tribe of lobbyists. The occupation in the South is gone. All our legislatures are Democrats.

ARTICLE – from Mont Adv. Gen. JOSEPH E. JOHNSON said recently in a little speech at Dallas, Texas: It was long a question in the United States, whether an army of regulars or an army of volunteers were the most efficient. But that question is settled. The contest of four years decided the question to the satisfaction of all American military men that the militia or volunteers were the men to depend on.

ARTICLE – The statistical Bureau of the National Board of Underwriters, in New York, have issued a circular calling attention to losses by fire and casualties cause be fire-works and fire-crackers on the 3rd and 4th of July, 1876, and suggesting that proper steps be taken to prevent the use of these explosives in all parts of the United States. The invoice value of these dangerous goods imported since January 1, 1865 is not less than $1,500,000, while the loss by two conflagrations within the past ten years, directly traceable to such explosives, in not less than $10,000,000. It is composed that every dollars worth of fire-crackers brought into the country has caused a direct loss of over $100. These are startling facts, and property owners and the authorities in large cities should take the matter into serious consideration.

NOTICE - SHERIFF’S SALE The State of Alabama, Lamar County COLUMBUS INSURANCE & BANKING CO. vs E. B. ALSOP Under and by virtue of an alias Fi Fa to me directed by the clerk of the Circuit Court of Lamar county, I will in front of the courthouse door, at Vernon, within the hours prescribed by law, on Monday the 2nd day of July 1877, proceed to sell to the highest and best bidder, for cash, the following described lands, to wit: …(land description)…Sec 28 T14, R16, lying and being situated in county and State aforesaid, levied upon as the property of E. B. ALSOP, to satisfy a balance due on Judgement rendered against him in favor of the Columbus Insurance & Banking Company at the Fall Term of our Circuit Court. 1878. June 1st. 1877 S. P. KEMP, Sheriff

NOTICE – ADMINISTRATOR’S SALE State of Alabama, Lamar County By virtue of an order of the Probate Court of Lamar County, Alabama, made on the 9th day of May 1877, I will, as administrator of the estate of BENJAMIN PENNINGTON, late of said county, deceased, on the 16th day of June 1877 expose to sale for one eighth cash and the remainder, on a credit of twelve months, at PENNINGTON MILLS, in said county, the following tract of land, to wit: …(land descr.)…Sec 15, T15, R 16. Said land includes the widow dower of which she will be entitled to during her life. This 11th day of May, 1877. JOSEPH PENNINGTON, Adr. of BENJAMIN PENNINGTON, Deceased.

NOTICE – CITATION NOTICE H. T. HENSON, Pltff., vs W. B. ROBINSON, Def. Notary Public Court April 28th, 1877. In this case, this day, came the plaintiff and moves the court for judgement against Deft. when it appeared that said attachment was executed by service upon F. M. LACY as garnishee, and also that defendant is a non-resident of this State. It is ordered by the Court, that Saturday the 23rd day of June next, be set for the final hearing of said case and that notice of said day be given by publication in the Vernon Pioneer, a newspaper published in said county, for three consecutive weeks prior to said 23 day of June next, notifying said defendant to appear and pleas answer or demur to plaintiffs demand, or judgement will be made final and said F. M. LACY be required to pay to said plaintiff the amount he answered &c. Given under my hand the 28th day of April 1877 J. S. GUYTON, N. P., and ex-officio J. P.

NOTICE – SHERIFF’S SALE State of Alabama, Lamar County C. K. COOK vs W. H. KENNEDY Under and by virtue of an execution to me directed by the Clerk of the Circuit Court of Lamar County, I will in front of the Courthouse door at Vernon, within the hours prescribed by law, on Monday, the 4th day of June, 1877, proceed to sell to the highest and best bidder for cash the following described lands, to wit: …(land description)…Sec 15, T 17, R 14 lying, being situate in the county and state aforesaid, and levied upon as the property of C. K. COOK, Plaintiff, to satisfy a judgement rendered against him for cost of suit at the Spring Term of our Circuit Court 1877. S. P. KEMP, Sheriff May 1st, 1877

NOTICE – SHERIFF’S SALE State of Alabama, Lamar County THE STATE OF ALABAMA vs sci. fa. J. T. WELCH W. W. WELCH F. M. VAILS Under and by virtue of a fi. fa. to me directed by the Clerk of the Circuit Court of Pickens County, I will on Monday the 4th day of June 1877 proceed to sell in front of the Court House door of Lamar County at Vernon, within the hours prescribed by law to the highest and best bidder for cash, the following real estate to with:…Sec 32, T 17, R 15, said lands lying, being and situate in the county of Lamar and State aforesaid, and levied on as the property of F. M. VAIL, one of the defendants. This the 1st day of May.1877. S. P. KEMP, Sheriff

NOTICE – SHERIFF’S SALE State of Alabama, Lamar County THE STATE OF ALABAMA vs sci. fa. W. W. WELCH J. A. DARR Under and by virtue of a fi. fa. to me directed by the Clerk of the Circuit Court of Pickens County, I will on Monday the 4th day of June 1877, in front of the courthouse door of Lamar County, at Vernon, within the hours prescribed by law, proceed to sell to the highest and best bidder for cash the following described property, to wit:…(land description)…all in township 17, range 15, said lands lying being situated in the county of Lamar and State aforesaid, and levied on as the property of J. A. DARR, one of the defendants. This the 1st day of May 1877. S. P. KEMP, Sheriff

NOTICE – SHERIFF’S SALE State of Alabama, Lamar County W. K. KIRK vs N. S. ADKINS Under and by virtue of a Venditioni Response to me directed by the Clerk of the Circuit Court in and for Lamar county, I will on Monday the 4th day of June 1877, in front of the Courthouse door of Lamar county, at Vernon, within the hours prescribed by law, proceed to sell to the highest and best bidder for cash the following described property, to wit: ….(land description)…Sec 36, T 14, R 16, lying, being and situate in the county of Lamar and State aforesaid, and levied on as the property of N. S. ADKINS, defendant to satisfy a judgement in favor of W. K. KIRK. S. P. KEMP, Sheriff May 1st, 1877

NOTICE – TAX SALE I will sell for taxes owed for 1876 on the 18th day of June 1877 before the courthouse door of Lamar County, Ala, between the hours of 10 a.m. and 2 p.m. the following lands, viz: MOSCOW BEAT JOHN R. KING – (land description)…T13, R14 and T13, R15. Tax and costs $17.05. Owner unknown BROWN’S BEAT PETER SMITH’S estate. T13, R14. Tax and costs $4.50. VAIL’S BEAT Owner unknown STRICKLAND’S BEAT LOUIS POLLARD’S estate – T16, R15. Tax and costs $2.80. WILSON’S BEAT C. L. HILL – T17, R15. Tax and costs $4.90 ALFRED POE’S estate – T17, R15. Tax and costs $9.25. Vernon, Ala, May 7, 1877. G. W. WOODS, Tax Collector

NOTICE – CHANCERY COURT State of Alabama, Lamar County MARY ARMSTRONG, by her next friend, DAVID MCCOLLUM vs ALBERT ARMSTRONG In Chancery, at Vernon, 9th Division West Ch. Division. In this cause it is made to appear to the Register, by the affidavit of complainants solicitor, that the said defendants, ALBERT ARMSTRONG, place of residence is unknown to affiant, and further, in the belief of said affiant, the defendant is over twenty-one years of age. It is therefore ordered by the Register that publication be made in Vernon Pioneer, a newspaper published in the town of Vernon, for four consecutive weeks, requiring him, the said ALBERT ARMSTRONG, to answer or demur to the bill of complaint in this cause by the 23rd day of May 1877. JAS. M. MORTON, Register

NOTICE – ESTRAY Estray Notice! Taken up by W. C. CLEGG on the 24th of April 1877, and posted before B. A. BIGBY, Justice of the Peace for Lamar County, Alabama, one black mare mule, aged five years. The owner can come forward and prove property and pay charges, or she will be forfeited tot he taker up. Given under my hand this the 4th day of May 1877. ALEXANDER COBB, Judge of Probate

ADVERTISEMENT – TRI-WEEKLY HACK TO COLUMBUS. We would announce to the citizens of Vernon and Lamar county, that we have a splendid two horse hack with safe teams and careful driver, which we propose to run regularly with the mails, from this place to Columbus, Miss. Leaves Vernon on Mondays, Wednesdays, and Fridays. Returns on Tuesdays, Thursdays and Saturdays. We solicit from the traveling public a liberal share of patronage. Our charges for travel will be moderate. Give us a trial when you want to go to Columbus. FARRIS & WHEELER

ADVERTISEMENT – FREEMASON’S MUTUAL Benefit Association, of Cincinnati, O. This is an Association for the benefit and relief of the widows and orphans of deceased members. For further information inquire of ANDREW MUNROE, Vernon, Ala

NOTICE – CHANCERY COURT State of Alabama, Lamar County ELIZABETH CLARK vs W. S. CLARK In Chancery at Vernon, Lamar County, Alabama. In this cause it is made to appear to the Register, by the affidavit of the complainant, ELIZABETH CLARK, that the said defendant, W. S. CLARK is a non-resident of this State and that his particular place of residence is unknown to complainant, and further that in the belief of complainant the defendant is over 21 years of age, it is therefore ordered by the Register that publication be made in the Vernon Pioneer, a newspaper published at Vernon, for four consecutive weeks requiring him the said W. S. CLARK to answer or demur to the bill of complaint in this cause by the 30th day of June or in thirty days thereafter a decree pro confesso may be taken against him. Done at office, this the 24th day of May 1877. JAMES M. MORTON

ADVERTISEMENT – O. F. B. SOCIETY – Of Chicago. All can protect their families by joining the Odd Fellow’s Benevolent Society and none should be without such protection. For further information apply to A. MUNROE, at Vernon.

SCHOOL ADVERTISEMENT – MALE AND FEMALE SCHOOL. Vernon, Alabama. The Trustees of the Vernon High School take pleasure in announcing that they have made an arrangement with REV. W. B. GILLHAM to take charge of their Institution for the ensuing school year – to commence on the 1st Monday in November. MR. GILLHAM’S long and successful experience as educator of the youth of both sexes warrant us in giving him our highest endorsement and soliciting for our School a liberal patronage. In view of the great stringency in money matters, a reduction has been made from the usual rates of tuition for the present year. We propose for the present year to have a first class English School, and when the patronage will justify, to add a teacher of ancient and perhaps modern languages. Our school will be divided into the following grades and rates per session of 5 months. PRIMARY Alphabetical lessons, Spelling, First lessons in Reading, First lessons in Geography and Mathematical Tables. $7.50 INTERMEDIATE Written or Practical Arithmetic, Eng. Grammar, Descriptive Geography, Orthography, Reading, Penmanship, First lessons in English Composition and History of the United States. $12.50 THIRD CLASS Algebra, Geometry, natural Philosophy, Intellectual Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Astronomy, English Composition, Rhetoric, Rhetorical Reading, English Grammar completed, Logic and Universal History. $17.50 All tuition fees due on the admission of the pupil, and the payments to be made punctually each quarter (ten weeks) except the first which must be made by the 25th of December. No pupil will be admitted for a less time than the remainder of the session for which he enters, except by special notice at the time of admission. Board including fires, lights, and lodging from eight to ten dollars per month. EXTRA Music on Piano, per month $4.00 Use of Instrument per month 1.00 Vocal Music (science of per mo.) 3.00 A contingent fee of 50 cents will be charged each pupil for the purpose of keeping up fires, etc. For further particulars apply to: Trustees: J. D. MCCLUSKEY, ARTY A. SUMMERS, T. W. SPRINGFIELD, JASON GUIN, M. W. MORTON

ADVERTISEMENT – The National Protective Association!! Zanesville, Ohio. Incorporated June 19, 1874 Is an Association of Individuals for the purpose of Mutual protection. A sliding scale of annual dues and assessments is adopted. All certificates of membership will guarantee to the representatives or heirs of deceased members in good standing, a sum equal to One Dollar from each surviving member. Any person, male or female between the ages of 18 and 20, in good health may become members of the Association. The fees and dues of this association are in proportion to age. For further information apply to ANDREW MUNROE, Vernon, Ala.

SCHOOL ADVERTISEMENT MUD CREEK ACADEMY. Male and Female. Lamar County Alabama (fifteen miles south of Vernon). The first Session of this Institution will open on the First Monday in November, 1876, and continue eight scholastic months. The number of students is limited to 30. Board, including washing, lights, etc. from $7 to $8 per month. Tuition $1 ½, $2, $2 ½, and $3 per month of 20 days. For particulars address the Principal. J. M. I. GUYTON, Co., Sup’t Ed. Vernon, Lamar Co. Ala. Or apply to Trustees: W. M. FORD, A. PRIDMORE, F. M. RICHARD, I. J. BARKSDALE, WM. RICHARDS.

SCHOOL ADVERTISEMENT- Announcement. A select High School Male and Female. DR. B. F. REED, A. B. – Principal. This school is located at Pleasant Grove Church, in the vicinity of DR. W. H. KENNEDY’S Store, in the south eastern portion of Lamar county, at the intersection of the Tuskaloosa and Aberdeen and the Fayetteville and Columbus roads. The first session will open on the 30th of October and continue forty weeks. The number of students is limited to 25. Board, washing, and tuition only $12 per month. All students wishing to enter this school will be required to enroll their names for the entire term, and no allowance will be made for time lost by students except in cases of death or protracted sickness; and all students must give satisfactory evidence of their ability to profit by instruction and must have a good moral character.

ADVERTISEMENT – Agents make $18 a day. Our large life like Steel Engravings of the Presidential Candidates. Send for circular. N. Y. Engraving Co. 35 Wall St. Box 3236, N. Y.


Terms of Subscription

One copy one year $1.50 One copy six months 1.00 All subscriptions payable in advance

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County Court meets on the 1st Monday in each month. Probate Court meets on 2nd Monday in each month. Commissioner’s Court Meets on the 2nd Monday in February, May, August, and November.


COUNTY OFFICERS ALEXANDER COBB – Judge of Probate S. P. KEMP – Sheriff J. R. MCMULLAN – Circuit Clerk JAMES M. MORTON – Register in Chancery JAMES M. WILSON – Treasurer J. F. PENNINGTON – Tax Assessor G. W. WOODS – Tax Collector W. T. MARLER – Coroner


Masonic: Vernon Lodge, No. 389, meets on the 2nd Saturday of each month, at 10 a.m. I.O.O.F: Moscow Lodge, No. 45, meets on the 2nd and 4th Saturdays in each month, at 7 p.m.

THE PIONEER. Vernon, Friday, June 1, 1877

CANDIDENTIAL ANNOUNCEMENTS. We are authorized to announce D. J. MOLLOY as a candidate for County Treasurer at the election to be held in August next.

We are authorized to announce A. J. WHEELER as a candidate for County Commissioner – election next August.

We are authorized to announce L. M. WOFFORD as a candidate for Sheriff and Tax Collector for Lamar County – subject to primary election if held.

We are authorized to announce JAMES E. BLACKWELL as a candidate for Sheriff and Tax Collector for Lamar County – subject to action for the Democratic and Conservative Party.

We are authorized to announce CAPT. D. J. LACY as a candidate for Sheriff and Tax Collector of Lamar County, Alabama.

We are authorized to announce JOHN H. HAMILTON as a candidate for Sheriff and Tax Collector of Lamar County, Alabama.

We are authorized to announce JAMES MIDDLETON as a candidate for County Treasurer for Lamar County. Election in August.

We are authorized to announce E. M. VAN DIVER as a candidate for County Treasurer, election to be held in August next.

We are authorized to announce F. M. RICHARDS as a candidate for Sheriff and Tax Collector for Lamar County, election in August.

We are authorized to announce M. W. LLOYD as a candidate for Sheriff and Tax Collector for Lamar County, subject to action of the Democratic and Conservative Party.

We are authorized to announce H. W. MILLER as a candidate for Sheriff and Tax Collector for Lamar County, subject to action of the Democratic and Conservative Party.

We are authorized to announce W G. RICHARDS as a candidate for County Commissioner 1st District. Election in August.

We are authorized to announce HOUSTON HANKINS as a candidate for Sheriff and Tax Collector for Lamar County, Ala.

We are authorized to announce JAMES H. COOPER as a candidate for the office of Sheriff and Tax Collector for Lamar County.

I take this method of informing my friends throughout the county that I am a candidate for Treasurer for Lamar County. My physical condition is such that I will not be able to make canvas of the county. But, if elected, I promise my fellow citizens to be on hand, at any and all times, at Vernon, and to personally discharge the duties of the office. D. V. LAWRENCE.

We are authorized to announce J. E. PENNINGTON as a candidate for Tax Assessor for Lamar County. Subject to the action of the Democratic Party.

We are authorized to announce W. W. PURNELL of Beaver Creek as a candidate for Tax Assessor for Lamar County at the ensuing August election.

We are authorized to announce HENRY HILL as a candidate for Treasurer for Lamar County – Subject to the actions of the Democratic and Conservative Party.

We are authorized to announce J. R. SHIELDS for Coroner for Lamar County.

DAILY DOTTINGS We will take wheat or other country produce, at the prevailing market price, in payment for subscription. We ask our friends who are in arrears for subscription or otherwise to remember the printer when harvest time comes. Deliver the amount you owe us in wheat, at its cash value, to this office, Saunders’, Morton’s or Cansler’s Mills – we shall expect it or you.

Monstrous maddog “tails” are still floating in the air. Corn tassels out this week. Cotton squares are reported to be on hand. The wheat crop will be ready for reaping next week.

Dr. GUNTER, of Pickens County, called on us on Wednesday last, on his way to visit friends in this county. The Doctor looks as hale and hearty as ever.

The Vernon Sunday School is still in a flourishing condition. On last Sunday evening our extra lesson of music was sung by the school, Mr. MIDDLETON leading. Everyone was happy and cheerful and at the close of the evening’s service the scholars gathered round the altar with superintendent, Prof. GILLHAM, and sang with such a spirit of love and enthusiasm, that we imagined the occasion was envied by angels in heaven.

We received at this office on last Sunday evening a beautiful bouquet that came from the tender hand of one of Vernon’s fairest daughters and was composed of some of the choicest flowers that ever bud and bloom beneath a southern sun. And to it we comment the following: “L’homme perdant se chimere, Se demande avec douler: Quelle est la plus epjevere, De la vie on de la fleur”

The Vernon Debating Club gave a public entertainment on last Friday evening. The hall was crowded with a happy and cheerful audience, which consisted chiefly of ladies. The speakers handled the subject with honor and credit to themselves and were highly applauded by showers of bouquets from the ladies.

We learn from a correspondent from West Point, Miss to the “Southern Live Stock Journal” that in plowing among fruit trees he knocked the bark off in places on trees and to prevent insects from sucking out the sap, he applied Linseed oil to the bruised parts and in a few days found the wounds to be healed over smooth and nice. And to experiment further he applied the oil to places on a tree where gun was exuding through many punctures and in less than five minutes the boilers commenced dropping out on the ground where they soon expired. Since he has removed first from roots of trees and let them dry and applied the oil with the same results. Fruit growers should try this as it seems to be an improvement.

A copy of the “Southern Live Stock Journal” is on our table, E. MONTGOMERY, Editor and Proprietor. The “Journal” is published at Starkville, Miss. and is devoted to the raising of fine breeds of stock and agriculture.

M. DECROIX, a distinguished member of the Hippophagists, has introduced the flesh of all domestic animals, that die from disease, in lieu of that butchered on the table. He says that whatever disease the animal dies with, its flesh is not in the lease injured, but has a superior flavor to that from the slaughter house.

Over 150,000 drunkards and tipplers of Pennsylvania and New York have signed the pledge, independent of ministers and old prohibitionists. This wonderful crusade is founded on hard sense and not on excitement. The great force of argument among the once rioters by no reformers is, “It’s time to quit.”

The Sunny South of May 26 contains an elegant portrait of William Cullen Bryant. The South has added to its corps of editors REV. W. A. CHANDLER as conductor of religious department and W. G. WHIDLY as local editor. After this the South will issue a Sunday edition.

APPLICATION FOR PARDON. This is to give notice to all who may be concerned that I shall make application to Geo. S. Houston, Governor of the State of Alabama, for a pardon of the fine assessed against me at the Lamar County Circuit Court, Spring Term, 1877 – for assault. HUBERT HOLLIS.

MARRIED. At the residence of the bride’s father, on the evening of the 24th ult, by REV. Mr. B. G. BLACKWELL, Mr. A. L. BOX and Miss E. E. HARRINGTON, both of Military Springs. We had the pleasure of attending the occasion, and think the ceremonies were performed in a nice and beautiful manner. We wish them a long and blissful life of pleasure and the choicest blessings that heaven can send.

Don’t forget the sale of valuable lands on Monday next, by SHERIFF KEMP. Sheriff Kemp advertises the lands of E. B. ALSOP to be sold on Monday the 2nd day of July next – to satisfy a judgement in favor of the Columbus Insurance & Banking Company.

HUBERT HOLLIS applies to Gov. Houston for a pardon. See notice.

The time of holding the next Quarterly Conference for the Luxapalila Circuit at Asbury Church is changed from the 11 and 12 days of August to the 7 and 8 of July, embracing the 2nd Sunday in said month. J. L. COLEMAN, P. E.

The HON. JAMES R. SHIELDS announces himself in this issue.

The REV. DR. COLEMAN passes through Vernon on last Wednesday.

The communication in this issue relative to Loafers sale seems to be partial to a certain one and thinks as soon as candidates ripen he may have plenty to do to gather in the bountiful harvest. It also thinks that if a few candidates were sold it would give a better showing to “our party”. Now, we don’t know what party “our party” is, it may be Democratic, Republican or Peter Cooper’s, we only have to guess. It wants to add some heathens and all of Zebidees children. The legalians of this place say that all persons who have no visible means of supporting themselves will, with those who live on invisible “red eyes” be sold.

The New Hope Sunday School will meet as usual next Sunday.

W. R. SMITH, JR. in town on last Wednesday

The people of this country are expected to turn out on the 16th and say whom they will serve – a convention, restricted primary election, primary election or a straight out election. The Pioneer has fully explained the action of the Executive Committee, and has offered space in its columns to all who wished to scribble in favor of either mode of choosing candidates or officers, although none by conventionalists have availed themselves of the offer. If the people fail to turn out and decide whose fault will it be?

GEO. A. RAMSEY, Esq. has his card inserted this week at the head of the first column on first page.

JOSH BILLINGS says that there are more fools in this world than most people think for each one forgets to count himself in the lot. But when you want to commemorate the sensible women of America, you have to find out just how many thousands of them use the “Domestic” Paper Fashions.

CORRESPONDENCE SANDERS MILL. Ed. Pioneer: Permit me through your column to make a few suggestions relative to A. L. G’s sale of loafers: First, Add to the list that heathen “who was so blind to the great source of light and information now established at Vernon’ and let him be sold first, or save the Coroner to investigate his and other similar causes. Our Hon. Bailiff might auction off a few candidates and still have enough left to keep in seed and give a respectable showing for our party. If the Coroner is not sold, he can attend to the candidates, and from present prospects he will be employed for some time after the election. Now, If Mr. AL. L. G. will consent, we will after this week, add many more to the list, by which perhaps it will make the sale more profitable. Our additional list would be a few heathens from this side of the creek, and a whole hose of Zebedee’s children about the Mill pond gathering up the --- tribe. – SCRAP.

NOTICE – LOAFERS SALE. I will have the Bailiff of Vernon bear, to auction off at highest bidder in front of the courthouse door, on the 9th day of June 1877 all the loafers of Vernon, viz: Capt, First Lieut., Second Lieut., Corporal and Coroner. This 23 of May 1877. A. L. GUIN

NOTICE – SHERIFF’S SALE State of Alabama, Lamar County A. A.SUMMERS vs. Attachment N. S. ADKINS P. E. ADKINS Under and by virtue of a Venditioni Exponds to me directed by the Clerk of the Circuit Court of Lamar county, I will on Monday the 4th day May 1877, in front of the Courthouse of Lamar county, at Vernon, within the hours prescribed by law, proceed to sell to the highest and best bidder for cash the following described property, to wit: …(land description)…Sec 36, T14, R16, lying being and situate in the county of Lamar and State aforesaid, and levied on as the property of N.S. ADKINS and P. E. ADKINS, defendants, to satisfy a judgement in favor of A. A. SUMMERS. This May 1st, 1877 S. P. KEMP, Sheriff

ADVERTISEMENT – GILMER HOUSE. A. M. KING, Prop’r. The only first class Hotel in the city

ADVERTISEMENT – The PIONEER Job Department is newly replenished and we are prepared to execute all kinds of job work such as cards, posters, circulars, blanks, minutes, mortgage deeds &c. Send in your orders. We work the Cheapest! Address Pioneer, Vernon, Ala.

ADVERTISEMENT – The Old Reliable! has now in stock the largest assortment of General Merchandise ever brought to this market. Dry goods, clothing, boots and shoes, hats and caps, glassware, crockery, hardware, tin ware, drugs, medicines, etc. In fact, everything the people want from Calomel to Zozodont. I am taking State Obligations at par. Hereafter I sell for Cash or Credit. Parties indebted to me must come forward immediately and settle, else I must go to see them. A. A. SUMMERS

ADVERTISEMENT – How to Paint. Painters and property owners desiring pure, good material, should use or stipulate for the use of HARRISON Bros. & Co.’s “town and county” ready mixed paints. Pure white and 40 different shades, entirely ready for use. Beautiful, durable and economical. Made from Pure material. Tested on thousands of buildings. Handsome and permanent. No waste or loss of time in mixing. Does not crack or peel. Cheaper and better than any other paint. Free from objectionable ingredients generally used in so called “chemical” paints. Sample cards on application. Consumers of paints preferring stock in old past form should use or stipulate for use of Harrison’s pure white lead, oldest brand in the country. Whitest, finest and best. Harrison’s Sylvan Green, exquisite in tint, unrivaled in body, and of never fading shade. Harrison’s standard colors. Umbers, siennas, ochres, blacks, vermillions, blues, and yellows, unequalled for strength and fineness. Best and finest made. Order these brands from your dealer. Take no other. For sale (wholesale only) at 115 Fulton Street, New York. Centennial medals awarded for superiority of Harrison’s Bros. & Co.’s paints.

ADVERTISEMENT – Established 1856. DART & REYNOLDS (A. A. DART) Builders of Light Carriages, New Haven, Conn. Manufacture work expressly for the southern market, and from long experience are thoroughly acquainted with the requirements of the country. The work itself used in every Southern State is its recommendation, and renders a detailed description unnecessary. We also manufacture the celebrated Dexter Buggy, Now on Exhibition at the Centennial. The best, easiest and most durable vehicle in existence. For Circulars, & c. apply as above.

ADVERTISEMENT – LEROY BREWER, THOS. DUGAN, H. L. HOPPER, C. A. HARRIS – L. BREWER & CO., Wholesale grocers. Dealers in Northern and Western Goods. Retailers and dealers in domestic and imported wines and liquors. Also Cotton Factors and Commission merchants. Agents for Orange Powder Works, Pratt’s Radiant & Astral Oil, California Gold Seal Wine. N. Schaeffer’s Lard and Candles, S. Davis Jr. & Co. Diamond Hams, Blackwell’s Durbam Smok’g Tobacco. Corner of Commerce and St. Louis Streets, Mobile, Ala.


THE PIONEER, Vernon, Ala. Published Weekly. D. R. ALDRIDGE, Publisher SID. B. SMITH, Editor & Proprietor

ARTICLE – “FAILURES – WHAT THEY TEACH” The numerous failures and suspensions which have made the commercial world since the panic of 1873 one of constant upheaval and change, should be utilized by those fortunate ones who have, thus far, escaped disaster, and by those who are entering for he first time, the field of business life, for the lessons that may be drawn from them. Failures, like every species of mishap, only follow from a sufficient cause; and usually it is one that could have easily been counteracted or avoided if the fact of its existence had been known. And it is just here that we find so many of our own business men weak. In their acquaintance with their own business, they lack complete command of the calling they have professedly made themselves master of, which alone enables one to understand and avoid its dangerous points. The man who makes a study of or who devotes time to an accurate and scientific education in the business he has chosen as a means for the accumulation of wealth, is now rarely found. And it seems to us that a large number of the failures of the last three years might justly be attributed to this cause. The idea seems to prevail that a business transacted on one’s own account is a kind of perpetual motion, that, once started, will not only keep itself in operation, but may be drawn upon to an almost unlimited extent for the means to sustain other enterprises. The inventor who spends years in attempting to realize his impossible machine is not mere certain of failure than he who starts in business with such expectations. The time when money could be made by ignorance, and when wealth could be had almost for the taking, has faded far away into the dim past; and an era of strife and struggle has dawned, it which only those who have most carefully prepared themselves for the warfare can hope to succeed. It is not luck that makes one man fail and his neighbor succeed. It is not fickle fortune that brings clouds of difficulties upon one while another has apparently plain sailing. It is something far more certain in its operations than either of these. It is skill and a perfect command of his resources that enables one man to advance where another can make no progress, and these two qualities are possessed only by those who have made their business the one thing they must become perfectly familiar with. The world is not yet so crowded that any need go to the wall to support the rest; there is room for all, and an abundance to spare. The great want is for more men who are qualified for work, and who will put their shoulder to the wheel and push. Any person who is determined to win, and who unites with his perseverance sense enough to know that success comes only to those who deserve it, by patience and skill with which they toil, has before him an inviting field for labor and may enter it with the assurance that, if his efforts are rightly directed, they will met with a sure reward. [Ex.

ARTICLE – “A FEW SOUTHERN FACTS” Alabama and Tennessee manufacture more iron than any of the southern States east of the Mississippi. Tennessee has about 1,700 miles of water navigation, and about 1,300 of railway transportation. Tennessee has more extensive coal fields than any state in the Union, Pennsylvania excepted. Tennessee produces profitably a greater variety of crops than any state in the Union. Georgia, Alabama or Tennessee have more extensive deposits and beds of iron ore than any of the states of the American Union – none excepted. Tennessee has more extensive beds of marble of greater variety of color than any other state in the Union. The copper deposits in Tennessee are more extensive and valuable than those of any other section in America. [Southern Industries.

ADVERTISEMENT – Fifty Cents! Fifty cents will pay for the Chicago Ledger, the best story paper in the United States from July 1st 1877 to January 1st, 1878. The Ledger is a large 48 column weekly paper handsomely printed and ably edited. Send you orders in time to get the first number of the New Story, which begins the last week in June. Remember, only fifty cents for the best paper in the United States, six months, postage paid. Address The Ledger, Chicago, Ill.

ADVERTISEMENT – The New American Sewing Machine. Simplest & Best. Agents Wanted. No. 177 W 4th St. Cincinnati, O.

ADVERTISEMENT – G. W. COX. Columbus, Miss. Dealer in all kinds of French, China, Glass, and earthenware. Fruit Jars, a specialty. Also, an elegant assortment of Best Silver Plated knives, forks, spoons, &c. At prices below any other offered in the market. Call and see him.

ADVERTISEMENT – CRAWFORD House. Columbus, Miss. By Mrs. RICHARDS. Is first class –cheap fare – always call.

ADVERTISEMENT – CRAWFORD’S Baking Powder. An improved article for making light and healthy bread, biscuit, cake, rolls, cornbread, griddle cakes, puddings, dumplings, and pastry of every description. It is the cook’s favorite and is warranted perfectly pure and superior to anything of the kind in the market, for healthfulness and strength, producing at all times the most delicious cookery. It is stronger and cheaper than any other baking powder, and is the most economical, convenient, reliable, and nutritious. Please ask your grocer for it and give it a trial. Put up in all sized packages and always warranted. Full weight, full strength, full measure. Orders by mail will receive prompt attention. Samples and price list will be sent to the trade, on application. Crawford & Cline. 176 Furon Street. New York.

ADVERTISEMENT – Welded Steel and Iron Triple Flange Fire and Burglar Proof Safes. Patent inside bolt work and hinged cap. No safe complete without it. W. H. TERWILLIECER, No. 34 Maiden Lane. Near William St. New York.

ADVERTISEMENT – To Consumptives. The undersigned having been permanently cured of that dread disease, Consumption, by a simple remedy, is anxious to make known to his fellow sufferers the means of cure. To all who desire it he will send a copy of the prescription used (free of charge) with the directions for preparing and using the same, which they will find a sure cure for Consumption, Asthma, Bronchitis, &c. parties wishing the prescription will please address, Rev. E. A. WILSON, 104 Penn St., Williamsburgh, New York.

ADVERTISEMENT – PIMPLES – I will mail (free) the recipe for preparing a simple Vegetable balm that will remove Tan, Freckles, Pimples, and Blotches leaving the skin soft, clear and beautiful. Also instructions for producing a luxuriant growth of hair on a bald head or smooth face. Address. BEN. VANDELF & CO. Box 5121, No. 5 Wooster St. N. Y.

ADVERTISEMENT - Errors of Youth. A gentleman who suffered for years from Nervous Debility, Premature Decay and all the effects of youthful indiscretion will for the sake of suffering humility, send free to all who read it, the recipe and directions for making the simple remedy by which he was cured. Sufferers wishing to profit by the advertiser’s experience can do so by addressing in perfect condition. JOHN B. OGDEN, 42 Cedar St. New York.

ADVERTISEMENT – Agents make $18 a day. Our large life like Steel Engravings of the Presidential Candidates. Send for circular. N. Y. Engraving Co. 35 Wall St. Box 3236, N. Y. $12 a day at home. Agents wanted. Outfit and TRUE & CO. Augusta, Maine. Send 25c. to G. P. POWELL & CO., New York, for Pamphlet of 100 pages, lists of 3000 newspapers, and estimates showing cost of advertising.

ADVERTISEMENT – Heed the Words of Advice. Tutt’s Pills. Cure sick headache. Require no change of diet. Are purely vegetable. Never gripe or nauseate. is not continued to this country, but extends to all parts of the world. A clear head, elastic limbs, good digestion, sound sleep, buoyant spirits, fine appetite are some of the results of the use of Tutt’s Pills. 18 Murray Street. New York.

ADVERTISEMENT – Notice to our friends and customers in Alabama. We are pleased to be able to inform you that we are prepared to store your cotton in our safe and commodious Ware Houses, and that we have every facility for your comfort and that of your teams. With our Ware Houses at the depot we have comfortable camp-houses, with sheds and feeding troughs. Every attention will be given our Alabama friends. Our wagon yard has been improved and fitted in the most thorough manner. Good cabins, good stables, good fencing. In short, every arrangement has been made that business tact could suggest for the comfort of Campers. CAPT. JOE GOODMAN has charge of the yard at Bank’s old stand, and CAPT. E. C. LEECH at Hale’s Warehouse. BANKS, HALE & CO. Columbus, Miss, Aug 17.

ADVERTISEMENT – THE NEW HOME SEWING MACHINE was awarded the First Premium at the Centennial Exhibition 1876 and has always carried off the highest honors wherever exhibited. A compact, simple, durable, light running and efficient “lock switch” machine. Adapted to the wants of everybody. The Home Sewing Machine was perfected---years since the aid of the best invention-------Warranted for five years. Live agents wanted in localities where we are not represented. Send for prices, and sample of work done on the home, or call at any of our offices. JOHNSON, CLARK, & CO. 30 Union Square, New York: 564 Washington Street, Boston, Mass. 111 ½ Second Ave, Pittsburgh, Pa.; 141 State Street, Chicago, Ill.; 21 South 5th Street, St. Louis, Mo.; 17 New Montgomery St. San Francisco, Cal.

ADVERTISEMENT – GULF CITY HOTEL. Corner Water and Conti Streets. Mobile, Ala. This Hotel, with its beautifully furnished rooms, and the best table the market affords, is undoubtedly the cheapest Hotel in the South. Only $2.00 and $2.50 per day, according to room. W. C. MORROW, JR. – Proprietor.

ADVERTISEMENT – W. H. CLOPTON & SON, Wholesale and retail Grocers and dealers in family supplies. 78 Commerce Street, Aberdeen, Miss. We keep the largest and best stock on market and sell at bottom prices for cash.

ADVERTISEMENT – Have you tried SIDDALL’S MAGNETIC SOAP? For use in summer and winter. Makes clothes clean, sweet and very white without boiling or scalding. No rough hands! No yellow clothes! No wash boiler! No steam in the house! Guaranteed under $50 penalty not to injure clothes and superior for Toilet and Shaving. Sold at stores or a family package will be sent, express charges prepaid on receipt of One dollar and Fifty cents. One reliable dealer wanted at every prominent point, as Agent, with whom a liberal arrangement will be made. Address F. H. SIDDALL, 106 Market Street, Phila.

ADVERTISEMENT – Barnes’ Patent Foot Pedal Machinery, Circular and Scroll saws, Lathes, etc. Fancy Wood and Designs. 10 different machines suited to the wants of mechanics and amateurs. Men, boys and ladies are making from $3 to $10 per day using them. Old styles thrown aside when these machines are known. Lumber from ½ to 3 ¼ inches thick hard or soft wood can be ripped by man power at the rate of from 125 to 600 feet per hour, line measure!!! Thousands of them now in use. The Velocipede Scroll Saw for miscellaneous work is admitted by all to be the jolliest little machine in the business. Say what you read this in and send for our 48 page illustrated catalogue. Free. W. F. & John Barnes, Rockford, Winnebago Co., Ill.

ADVERTISEMENT – Perfection attained at Last. A trial will insure its popularity everywhere. WHITE SUTTLE SEWING MACHINE……White Sewing Machine Co, 358 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, O. Agents Wanted.

ADVERTISEMENT – T. G. BUSH, R. D. HUNTER, A. P. BUSH, JR. – T. G. BUSH & CO. – Wholesale Grocers. No. 51 and 53 North Commerce Street and 9 and 11 St. Louis Street. Mobile, Ala. Prompt and careful attention given to filling orders from a distance. Mr. C. C. WILLIAMS, is with this house and solicits the patronage of his friends in Alabama and Mississippi

ADVERTISEMENT – W. KELLERMAN. manufacturer and dealer in guns, rifles, pistols. Aberdeen, Miss. Breech-loaders a specialty. Muzzle-loaders converted into breech-loaders, at short notice and low figures. Repairing done neatly and with dispatch. All work guaranteed.

ADVERTISEMENT – The light running Domestic Sewing Machine is the best. Greatest range of work, best quality of work, the lightest to run, always in order. Domestic Sewing Machine Co. New York and Chicago. The Domestic Underbraider and Sewing Machine, the only perfect Braiding Machine known, costs but so $5 more than the Family Machine. The Domestic Paper Fashions are unexcelled for elegance and perfection of fit. Send 5 cents for an illustrated catalogue. The Domestic Monthly, a Fashion and Literary Journal. Illustrated. Acknowledged authority $1.50 a year with a premium. Specimen copy 15 cents. Agents wanted. Most liberal terms. Domestic Sewing Machine Co. New York and Chicago.

ADVERTISEMENT – Silver Plated Ware. Electro-plated table ware and Ornamental art work in great variety manufactured by the Meridian Britannia Company. 550 Broadway New York. The best plated spoons and forks are those silver-plated heaviest on the parts where necessarily the most wear comes, and bearing the trade mark. 1847 – ROGERS BROTHERS--- N.B. – This great improvement in Silver plated spoons and forks is applied alike to each grade of plate. A 1, 3, and 12 oz, as ordered. Process and Machinery for manufacturing these goods are patented. The Extra or “standard plate” made by this company is stamped A1, simply, and is plated 20 per cent heavier than the ordinary market standard. First premiums awarded at all fairs where exhibited, from World’s Fair of 1852 to American Institute Fair, 1875, inclusive.

ADVERTISEMENT – Begin the New Year with a paper from the State Capitol. The year 1877 will be marked by more important events than any of its predecessors. The Montgomery Advertiser as heretofore will be devoted to the Democratic and Conservative cause, and will be aspiring in its efforts to uphold good government in the State and Union. It is ordered at the following rates: One copy daily – 1 year $10.00 One copy Daily – 6 months 5.00 One copy Weekly – 1 year 2.00 Twenty copies Weekly – 1 year 35.00 Thirty copies Weekly – 1 year 45.00 Postage included. An extra copy will be sent to every person getting up a club. Send money be Registered Letter, Express or Money Order. Address all letters to W. W. SCREWS. Montgomery, Ala.

ADVERTISEMENT – New Cash Store! LOUIS ROY Dealer in Dry goods, notions, boots, shoes, clothing, hats, caps, &c. 69 Commerce Street. Aberdeen, Miss. J. H. TYRONE is with this house and will be glad to see his Alabama friends

ADVERTISEMENT – B.T. GIFFORD. Dealer in Watches & Jewelry. 105 Commerce Street, Aberdeen, Miss. Celebrated Elgin watches. Stem winding American and Geneva Watches. Spencer’s Diamond Spectacles. Seth Thomas Clocks, Engraving initials on goods sold free of cost. Watch, clocks, and jewelry repairing done in best manner and warranted.

ADVERTISEMENT – A Dealer wanted in every town in the South for the celebrated WEED SEWING MACHINE. The easiest learned, lightest running, most durable and popular Machine made. Received the highest award at the Centennial. Special inducements offered. Address. Weed Sewing Machine Co. No. Canal Street, New Orleans.

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