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USGenWeb Archives for Alabama

Vernon Pioneer 13 June 1877

Microfilm Ref Call #373 Microfilm Order #M1992.4466 from The Alabama Department of Archives and History



Volume III Vernon, Lamar Co, Ala. June 13 , 1877 No. 9

PROFESSIONAL CARDS GEO. A. RAMSEY, Attorney At Law, Vernon, Ala. Will practice in the various courts of the 3rd Judicial Circuit. Special attention given to Supreme Court and U. S. District Court’s business.

MCCLUSKY & MCMULLAN , JNO. D. MCCLUSKEY and JNO. R. MCCULLAN, Attorneys-At-Law and Solicitors in Chancery – Vernon, Alabama - will practice in Lamar, Fayette, Marion, and the Courts of the 3rd Judicial Circuit. Special attention given to the collection of claims, and matters of administration.

SAMUEL J. SHIELDS, Attorney At Law and Solicitor in Chancery, Vernon, Alabama. Will practice in the counties of Lamar, Fayette, Marion, and the Courts of the 3rd Judicial Circuit. Special attention given to the collection of claims.

THOS. B. NESMITH – Solicitor for the 3rd Judicial Circuit. Vernon, Lamar Co., Ala.

NESMITH & SANFORD – T. B. NESMITH, Vernon, Ala. JOHN B. SANFORD, Fayette C. H. Attorneys at Law. Partners in the Civil practice in the counties of Fayette and Lamar. Will practice separately in the adjoining counties.

EARNEST & EARNEST. W. R. EARNEST and GEO. S. EARNEST, Attorneys-At-Law and Solicitors in Chancery. Birmingham and Vernon, Ala. Will practice in the counties of this Judicial Circuit.

WILLIAM R. SMITH, Attorney At Law. Tuskaloosa, Ala. Will give prompt attention to all businesses trusted to his care. Will practice in the Federal Courts, at Huntsville, Montgomery, and Mobile.

MEDICAL DR. W. L. MORTON & BRO., A. L. MORTON and M. W. MORTON. Physicians & Surgeons. Vernon, Lamar Co., Ala. Tender their professional services to the citizens of Lamar and adjacent country. Thankful for patronage heretofore extended, we hope to merit a respectable share in the future. Drug Store.

SID. B. SMITH, M. D. Surgeon & Physician. Vernon, Alabama. Offers his professional services to the citizens of Vernon and vicinity. Office – at Pioneer office.

ADVERTISEMENT – ORIGINAL GOODYEAR’S RUBBER GOODS – Vulcanized rubber in every conceivable form. Adopted to Universal use. Any article under four pounds weight can be sent by mail. Wind and Water Proof garments a specialty. Our cloth surface coat combines two garments in one. For stormy weather it is a neat and tidy overcoat. By a peculiar process the rubber is put between the two cloth surfaces, which prevents smelling or sticking even in the hottest climates. They are made in three colors – Blue, Black, and Brown. Are light, portable, strong, and durable. We are now offering them at the extremely low price of $10 each. Sent post paid to any address upon receipt of price. When ordering, state size around chest, over vest. Reliable parties desiring to see our goods, can send for Trade Journal giving description of our leading articles. Be sure and get the “Original Goodyear’s Steam Vulcanized” fabrics. Send for illustrated price-list of our celebrated Pocket Gymnasium. Address carefully, Goodyear’s Rubber Curler Co. 697 Broadway, P. O. Box 5156, New York City.


If I had thought thou couldst have died, I might not weep for thee; But I forgot, when by thy side, That thou couldst mortal be. It never through my mind had pass’d, The time would e’er be o’er, That I on thee should look my last, And thou shouldst smile no more!

And still upon thy face I look, And think ‘twill smile again; And still the thought I will not brook, That I must look in vain! But when I speak, thou dost not say What thou ne’er left unsaid, And now I fee, as well I may, Sweet Mary! Thou are dead!

If thou wouldst stay even as thou art, All cold, and all serene, I still might press thy silent heart, And where thy smiles have been! While e’en thy chill bleak corpse I have, Thou seemest still my own, But there I lay thee in thy grave – And I am now alone.

I do not think, where’er thou art, Thou hast forgotten me; And I, perhaps, may soothe my heart, In thinking too of thee; Yet there was round thee such a dawn Of light ne’er seen before, As fancy never could have drawn, And never can restore!

ARTICLE – “TOO BIG A STATE” POLITICAL AND OTHER REASONS FOR A DIVISION OF CALIFORNIA. Cor. N. O. Times. SAN FRANCISCO, May 15, 1877 For some time past certain parties have been trying to bring about a division of California into two or more states, on the grounds, first, that “California occupies as much space and extends through the same lines of latitude as the Atlantic shores of New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New York, New Jersey, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia and North Carolina. Our northern boundary line corresponds to Boston, Mass., and our southern to Savannah, Ga.” And secondly, because of “the differences in habits, tastes and manners that characterize the people of the two sections. The upper half of this state indicates the qualities of mind and manners that belong to the Eastern States and the great Northwest. The lower portion is distinctly marked with the sub-tropical peculiarities that distinguish the Southerner and others of like temperament. Of course climate has paramount influence in these lines of demarcation, and controls in a great degree the destiny of the people.” A third reason might be urged that there are too many prominent Republican politicians in this State, whom it is impossible for a Republican administration to remember is the shape of lucrative offices. A fourth reason is brought forward, with all the prominence it deserves, namely, “the Pacific coast may have more representation, power and influence in the national councils. Our extent of territory, productions of grain, wine, wool and the precious metals, our commercial importance, sitting as we do at the gate way of nations, and our influence upon the trade of the republic, entitle us to greater consideration than we hitherto had in the administration of the government. If Florida and New Jersey, Delaware, West Virginia and Nevady (sic) are entitled to two Senators each, then is California justified in aspiring for six.” When we get such a representation we will be respected without solicitude and justly favored without begging!” So far as the difference in the classes of our people are concerned, the argument for a division of the State, North and South, is very sound and true. But so far as the number of our population – especially in the southern part of the State – is concerned, the words “our rapid growth justifies us in expecting to realize at an early day the population that will justify our demand for added representation in the Senate, and as this can only be done by the formation of new states, we feel that every portion of our Territory will be in full accord with the sentiment of division, “we can simply say that the necessary population is not yet in existence. Statistically viewed, there are other reasons for dividing our state urged upon us. The width of California on the north end is 216 miles; extreme extension from west to east, 352 miles; average width about 285 mile extension from north to south, 654 miles. A direct line from the north-east corner of the State to Fort Yuma, being the longest line in the State, is 830 miles. San Diego lies 350 miles south and 285 miles east of San Francisco, while Cape Mendocino is 96 miles west, and 180 miles north of this city. The State of California has 190,000 square miles in New York; and the San Joaquan valley alone, not including the foothills, is twice as large as the entire State of Connecticut. These indicate in some degree the magnitude of our territory and the irregular shape in which it lies.

ARTICLE – “SOUTHERN MANUFACTORIES” – from Southern Industries It is only a question of time when the South will carry on the manufactures of the United States. The greatest drawback is the want of capital and skill to put them into successful operation. So many, seeing these splendid openings, have commenced with limited capital, and have been obliged to suspend, not being able to carry on the enterprise against the sharp competition of old established Eastern and Northern manufacturers. We know of several firms that are now struggling against such difficulties, which if they had a little additional capital, would come out with the finest business that could be desired. As an illustration of what can be done and the openings for enterprise and capital in this direction, we quote from the St. Louis Globe on this subject: But if they can only make the beginning, if they can only take the first step, what a boundless sweep of prosperity lies open to view! The lands which, under rude and wasteful tillage have furnished the world with cotton and tobacco, with sugar, rice and hemp are ready for richer returns under better methods of cultivation. The whole coast of the Gulf revels in the growth of timber which can undersell the pineries of Wisconsin and Minnesota, all the Mississippi River, the mountains of Tennessee are masses of wealth, the labor supply is everywhere, and only asks the opportunity of employment. There is not one natural advantage which is wanting to the South, and the capital and the enterprise which are required to start the busy hum of industry will not be wanting as soon as assurance is given of good government. We do not generally favor government exemptions of any kind, but the situation at the South is exceptional, and it would be a great gain to all interest, and no loss to any one if the Southern States would grant a ten year exemption from taxation of all property or other capital invested in manufactures. Whether it would be advisable to go as far as this or not, there is no doubt that the true Southern question now is not political, but industrial, and that the future we look for is one in which the unhealthy antagonism of party will give way to the invigorating competition of business enterprise.” Here we have the best of material, wood, iron and coal, water power, mild climate, cheap labor, transportation by water and rail – central to all parts of the world. Here too, the raw material is inexhaustible, and the food and clothing producing resources are ample for carrying on all the manufactories this continent and missions on the Eastern continent need.

QUOTES A man who invents some way by which a fellow can take his liver out in the spring and hang it in the back yard and whip it as they do carpets, will confer a boom on his fellows.

“What has become of our spirited young men?” sadly asks an exchange that has vainly endeavored to establish a Y.M.C.A. We don’t know where they are all, but five of them have just stepped into a saloon across the way and probably by this time they are behind that green screen shaking dice for the lager. If you want to see them just wait a moment and they’ll be out as soon as they find that they can’t get trusted. – Fulton Times.

ARTICLE – “HUMAN BATTERIES: EXPERIMENTS THAT GAVE REMARKABLE RESULTS” From the Sutro (Nev.) Independent It has been known for some time that the human body becomes much charged with electricity in the altitudes and exceedingly dry atmosphere of the high plateau between the Sierra Nevada and Rocky Mountains, but it has heretofore been unknown that such accumulated electricity is a cause of great danger to persons handling exploders. Two very serious and sad accidents have happened within a few months at the mouth of the Sutro Tunnel, both through the sudden and apparently unaccountable discharge of a number of exploders in the exploderhouse. In the first case of HENRY L. FOREMAN, formerly connected with the Signal Service Bureau at Washington, a gentleman of scholarly attainments, a good mathematician and astronomer was engaged in examining some of these exploders when two hundred went off, completely destroying his eyesight and otherwise seriously injuring him. These exploders are large copper gun caps, an inch and a sixteenth in length and three-sixteenths of an inch in diameter, and most kinds are charged with fulminate at mercury. Two insulated gutta percha wires connect with each cap, through which the electric spark is sent (after they are placed in cartridges of the different combinations of nitro glycerin) which sets off the cap, and the conclusion caused thereby exploded the powder. The second accident referred to happened but a few weeks ago in the same place and probably in the same manner, by which THOMAS COOMBS lost his left hand and a part of his arm. He was engaged in forming ten exploders into a coil around his hand when suddenly they went off, shattering that member in so fearful a manner that it had to be amputated. These sad occurrences led Mr. SUTRO to at once institute some careful experiments for he was strongly impressed with the belief that it was body electricity and not concussion, which had caused these explosions. Electric exploders made by different parties were taken, one after the other, and placed in a strong wooden box, which again was placed in another box in Mr. Sutro’s parlor. This room is covered with a heavy Brussels carpet, walking over which caused the human body to be speedily charged with electricity. Mr. Hancock, chief blaster, assisted in the experiments, and held the wires while Mr. Sutro walked around the room two or three times, with slippers, sliding his feet gently over the carpet. After doing this he approached the end of the wires with his forefinger, and instantly a loud report was heard, the exploder having been discharged. The first experiment was with one of the San Francisco Giant Powder Company’s exploders. Now one of the Electrical Construction Company’s was tried without effecting its discharge. Next, one of George M. Mowbray’s, of North Adams, Massachusetts, which did not go off on the first trial, but it did on the second with a very loud report. After this another of the Giant exploders was tried, which went off by the time Mr. Sutro’s forefinger had reached within two or three inches from the end of the wire. These experiments have clearly established the fact that exploders may be set off by electricity accumulated in the human body, and the men about the tunnel were at once informed of the fact. Instructions were also issued for handling them hereafter, and a sheet-iron plate was placed in the floor of the exploder house, to which is connected a wire reaching into the water flowing from the tunnel. The men in handling exploders now stand on this iron plate, have instructions to wet their boot before entering and to put on India rubber gloves before touching the exploders. If these precautions are properly carried out there will be no danger of explosions hereafter. Any electricity accumulated in the human body will at once be carried off through the iron plate, while the rubber gloves, being non-conductors, form an additional protection. No accidents from these explosions have ever occurred inside the tunnel, for since the place is very wet, no electricity can be retained in the body. But little doubt exist that both Mr. FOREMAN and Mr. COOMBS have met with their misfortunes in the manner indicated.


ARTICLE – “JUDGE KELLEY ON THE CURRENCY” - From the Philadelphia Press The following letter from the senior partner in a firm of commission merchants in Baltimore to Judge Kelley is replete with suggestions. In handing it to us with permission to print, the Judge remarked that the writer, although well known by name as a prominent merchant, was personally unknown to him: Hon D. M. KELLEY, Philadelphia: Dear Sir: I have just finished reading your admirable statement in the Philadelphia Inquirer, and agree with you in every particular. I have bitterly opposed from its incipiency the contraction of the currency begun by Secretary McCullough and continued by his successors, believing that such a policy would ultimately prostrate the manufacturing, commercial and agricultural interest of the country, and thereby cause universal bankruptcy, which at the end would force the General Government to enact a bankrupt law similar to the one of 1842, simple and easy for the unfortunate to obtain relief. It is the desire of those in authority to enhance the greenback to par with gold only in order that they may persist in resumption of special payment they can accomplish it much sooner than 1879, and in a very few weeks they will be of equal value with, and possible a premium over gold – certainly largely over silver coin. This would place money matters in the same anomaly that exists at present. Gold, silver and paper money having different values, greenbacks would be highest on the list, gold next, and lastly silver. For this reason every one would prefer the most convenient money to carry – especially business men traveling different sections of the country to buy produce. They would not like to be encumbered with a load of silver or gold, and would pay a premium for the greenbacks rather than be thus loaded down. Business men don’t want a variable currency. They want it all of uniform value. To give this the Government must make greenbacks and gold coin a full legal tender; also, make all United States coins interchangeable in greenbacks, the same as formerly the fractional currency was redeemed in large notes. Otherwise the business community will be encumbered with the metals and will only be able to get rid of the same by suffering a discount with the broker. The banks of this city at this time are refusing silver coin on deposit or in payment of bills receivable and the merchants inconvenienced hereby. By making the coins changeable into greenbacks, the Government becomes the custodian of all the metals of the country, and in case there should be a call for them by parties holding the greenbacks, the Government would at all times be ready to make the exchange. This call would be but solemn made. The people of this country are finally approaching the condition they were in between 1836 and 1853 and from the same cause. The banks at that time were incorporated by the States and were required to hold one-third of coin for every dollar of circulation. Then, as now, the metal left the country to pay interest on bonds negotiated in foreign countries, the banks, losing their reserves, collapsed, and their notes became worthless, the country being nearly depleted of money, caused a deplorable state of affairs; property would only sell in proportion which was very limited. Real property tumbled first, next stocks, and lastly bonds. They caved in so soon as the States and municipalities defaulted in the payment of the interest owing on their bonds. In 1836, Illinois bonds sold at a premium of 2 per cent; Indiana 5; Maryland, 35; and Pennsylvania and New York, 70 to 75 cents on the dollar. Owners of real estate not being able to collect their rents, could not pay their taxes; and corporation, not collecting taxes, could not pay interest or principal. The consequence was that investors, not receiving their interest were forced to sell the principal, which sold the same as other unproductive property just in proportion to limited amount of money in circulation; no property would sell for anything like its real value.; eventually in the enactment of the memorably bankrupt law of 1842 to give the people relief. Now, as then, the coin is leaving our shores to pay interest dividends. And the carrying trade, and the silver expected for sale as a commodity, the Government refusing to coin it and the greenbacks going into the fiery furnace. The country in a few years will be depleted of its circulating medium, and the people must suffer the consequences of this maladministration of their finances. God only knows how the matter will end. I fear eventual bread riots will terminate this wretched mismanagement. In haste, very respectfully, etc.

ARTICLE – “NEW ORLEANS AND THE GRAIN TRADE” – from The Mont Adv A project is on foot at St. Louis to open a direct grain trade with Liverpool. The plan is for the railroad centering there, the elevator companies, Mississippi Valley Barge Company and the ocean steamers to pool the risks by combination and send cargoes of grain, especially corn, from New Orleans through the jetties to Liverpool and other European ports. This plan will divide the risks of shipments among the parties most interested in building up such a trade. It meets with their hearty approval. The prospects are that it will soon be carried into effect. An ocean steamship company has already named several grain carrying steamers which can be put on berth, as fast as cargoes are ready for them, and it looks as though it will not be long before the St. Louis, New Orleans, and Liverpool line will be in full operation.


THE PIONEER. Vernon, Ala. Published Weekly. D. R. ALDRIDGE, Publisher. SID B. SMITH, M. D., Editor and Proprietor Wednesday June 13, 1877

ARTICLE – “SHOULD WE HOLD A NOMINATING CONVENTION!” On Saturday next the Democratic voters of this county are expected to meet at their respective voting precincts, for the purpose of selecting delegates to a county convention to be held at the court house on Monday next. They are also called upon to speak out and make known their wishes, as a party, as to how the campaign shall be conducted – whether by a nominating convention; a primary election, or a straight race. Upon this subject, we have had but little to say. – The Executive Committee, though fully empowered to take decided action in whatever manner they might see proper, have referred the matter to the judgement of the party voters. And, all that the committee asks, and all that we can ask, is that our party turn out to a man and let us know the wish and sentiment of the majority. Of the three propositions presented by the committee, we decidedly favor that of a nominating convention, and intend to give our individual influence and support to that end, believing , as we do, to be the surest and fairest means of preserving our party organization, and of obtaining and perfecting the wishes of the majority. We are aware that there are many complaints about convention, and that too often they are not without cause. But it is not the fault of the system, it is the fault of the people in not attending and expressing their wishes at the beat meetings. If they are so indifferent as to neglect these meetings they have no right to complain that the county convention does not put out the candidates they want, and in a majority of instances the men who make the most fuss about conventions are either those who never attend the beat meetings , or those who are secretly opposed to the success of the party. The results of the last campaign, wherein the choice of the people was counted out by the manipulations of the election supervisors, returning boards and county officials of the Republican party, ought to warn our people of the necessity of continued party organization and watchfulness in our home affairs, even to the sacrifice of our individual friends and preferences, or we too may fall by the wayside and soon lose control of our home government. Now, let every Democrat attend the beat meetings; do not say you are too busy – you can certainly afford to give one day to a matter so important to you and your country at large. Select delegates that will represent you, men who will go to the convention for the purpose of selecting as candidates those who will honestly and faithfully discharge the duties of their offices. Select men who will go to the convention, not for the purpose to form combinations to advance the interest of their particular favorites, but will let every man stand upon his own merits and vote for those who are best qualifies – looking always to the success of the party. We cannot all get our individual choice, but we can get good and efficient officers and true Democrats by means of a convention, when our chances, at best, are doubtful in a primary election, and not much better in a straight race. – Then let us rally once again to the Democratic standard, select good and faithful standard bearers, and on to another victory at the ballot box. We have no axe to grind nor individual preferences in the race. There is a splendid field from which to select. All we ask is a good and honest selection. And “we will hoe to the line, let the chips fall where they may.”

ARTICLE – “MEXICAN WAR LETTER” The letter of instructions of Mr. Hayes’s Secretary of War to General Sherman, regarding the Mexican raids into Texas, sounds rather war like, and if literally executed will most assuredly involve the country in an expensive and dilatory war with Mexico. Whether the administration intends a war of conquest, or to aid and assist the man Lerdo in his aspirations to the Mexican Presidential chair, remains to be seen. The order is rather ambiguous in its terms. The authorities to be consulted at the local authorities – implying an utter disregard to the wishes of the national authorities of that country. Besides, we have rumors of the collection of arms and munitions of war at San Antonio by the adherents of Lerdo, and the formation of ……(LARGE CHUNK CUT OUT)……. These regiments to be composed of frontiersmen, officered by Texans, and directed and controlled by the Texas State Government. Should this plan be pursued, we will wager that the Texas border will be as quiet as a lamb in less than six months, and that too, without the necessity of an invasion of Mexican territory, or the dangers and expense of a war with that country. And, right here, let us make a suggestion to the administration. ---If Mr. Lerdo, or any of his adherents, now enjoying the protection and hospitality of the United States, be engaged, while enjoying such protection in acts of treason toward our neighbor, and collecting arms, munitions of war and men within our borders for the purpose of invading the territory, or breaking the peace of the Republic of Mexico, it is the duty of our Government to arrest such men, and seize upon their arms and munitions of war, as though their acts were against the peace and dignity of our own country.

ARTICLE – “A MEXICAN WAR CLOUD” The following letter of instructions relative to the Texas border raids, has been issued from the War Department, by direction of Mr. Hayes, and transmitted to the army for its guidance: WAR DEPARTMENT WASHINGTON, JUNE 1ST, 1877 General: The report of Wm. Shafter, Lieutenant Colonel 24th Infantry, commanding the District of the Nueces Texas, concerning recent raids by Mexicans and Indians from Mexico into Texas, for marauding purposes, with your endorsement of the 29th ult, has been submitted to the President, and has, together with numerous other reports and documents relating to the same subject, been duly considered. The President desires that the utmost vigilance on the part of the military forces in Texas be exercised for the suppression of these raids. It is very desirable that efforts to this end, in so far at least as they necessarily involve operations on both sides of the border, be made with the co-operation of the Mexican authorizers, and you will instruct General Ord, commanding in Texas, to invite such co-operation on the part of the local Mexican authorities and to inform them that while the President is anxious to avoid giving offense to Mexico, he is nevertheless convinced that the invasion of our territory by armed and organized bodies of thieves and robbers to prey upon our citizens should not longer be endured. Gen. Ord will at once notify the Mexican authorities along the Texas border of the great desire of the President to unite with them in efforts to suppress this long continued lawlessness. At the same time he will inform those authorities that if the government of Mexico shall continue to neglect the duty of suppressing these outrages, that duty will devolve upon this government and will be performed even if its performance should necessitate the crossing of the border by our troops. You will therefore direct Gen. Ord that, in case the lawless incursions continue, he will be at liberty to use his own discretion, when in pursuit of a band of marauders, and when his troops are either in sight of them or a fresh trail, to follow them across the Rio Grande and to overtake and punish them as well as retake the stolen property taken from our citizens and found in their hands on the Mexican side of the line. I have the honor to be very respectfully. - GEO. W. MCCRARY , Secretary of War. - To Gen. W. T. SHERMAN, Commanding Army of the United States.

ARTICLE – “GIVES IT UP LIKE A LITTLE MAN” The Alabama State Journal closes a long article on the political situation as follows: We have been led to believe that a majority of the old Whig citizens of the South would support President Haye’s generous administration, thus cutting loose from the Bourbon element to which they have been aligned, and for which they have done so much hard service since the close of the war. We see no signs yet, however, and we take this occasion now to warn the Republican people of the North that if they hope to control the national government four years hence, they must allow no division in their ranks. The Bourbon leaders of the South are on the alert and the Republicans of the North must not sleep if they would continue to control the Federal government.

ARTICLE – “ONE EVIL OF STANDING ARMIES” – from The Baltimore Sun. In a late book published by Dr. Johann Sherr, a German rationalist university professor, statistics are given to show that the immense standing armies of Germany are a perpetual debauchery of personal moral, and they have now been greatly reinforced in many parts of the country by founding hospitals, which make it still easier to dispose of the results of unchasity. It is considered a question whether these great armies will not in time produce the same results in Germany that they have in France, an actual retrograde in the numbers of the population, on account of the neglect of the marriage relation and the mortality of the waifs mothered by public institutions. It will be a happy day for Europe when it is realized that standing armies are the most dangerous resource for national defense. With such facts before the world it will hardly be possible for General Sherman or any other man to make the American people believe that a considerable standing army is essential to their salvation.

ARTICLE – “TRADE WITH SOUTH AMERICA” –from The Mont. Adv. The importance of earnest effort to develop the exportation of our manufactures to Brazil and Mexico, says the Philadelphia Times, is impressing itself more and more upon business men, and Mr. Randall’s hearty appreciation of the possibilities in that direction show that the subject has attracted the attention of others outside of commercial circles. The New York World gives an interesting compilation of facts and figures, showing what an inviting field is here offered for American enterprise. The latest figures obtainable, those for 1874, show that while the United States sold to Mexico and South American countries twenty-eight millions of goods, France sold twice and England four times as much. And yet the United States, during the same time, imported seventy-five millions of various goods from these countries. Mexico, Brazil and Chili need just what we want to sell. They have no manufactures, but their tropical soil gives the husbandman abundant returns. They bought in one year 475,000,000 yards of cotton cloths, or which England furnished fourteen-fifteenths, though from one to two thousand miles further away than the United States. And yet we can sell cotton to advantage in Manchester, we do send cotton to Manchester, 2,500 miles, and let Manchester send cotton back to Brazil, 5,000 miles. These countries use thirty millions’ worth of machinery every year, which we manufacture as cheap and better than England. Finally, a steamer leaves Liverpool almost daily for South American ports, while the United States has not one regular line, though two firms, one in New York and one in Boston, have four steamers returning at irregular intervals. There was talk last fall about a line between Brazil and Philadelphia. Now New York is being aroused to the possibilities of such a commercial relation, and at the next session of Congress there are likely to be at least two lines asking for a mail contract. The advantage in port charges and rail connections are such that a line from Philadelphia can be made to pay larger profits than a line from New York. Many articles for which there is a ready market in South America are manufactured in that city, and through foreign rates to or from any part of the country can be made always as low at this port, and sometimes lower. To do this trade is impossible without steamships at stated periods; but with them it will be necessary for our merchants to send out their agents, and to make special efforts for the sale of their goods, because in many of the large ports there are no houses who have any trade with American ports. The Fall River manufacturers, finding no market at all for their goods at home, sent an agent to Brazil, who prospected the country, and immediately on his return, looms were changed and already the demand is sufficient to take all their surplus product. Nor is there any trouble about a return cargo. If the supply of cottion, hides or India rubber fails there is always a paying freight to be had by taking cabinet woods. In short, there is no avenue for that extension of our trade so necessary to commercial prosperity, which is so easily opened and can be made so profitable as that which leads to South America.

ADVERTISEMENT – The Old Reliable! Has now in stock the largest assortment of General Merchandise ever brought to this market. Dry goods, clothing, boots and shoes, hats and caps, glassware, crockery, hardware, tin ware, drugs, medicines, etc. In fact, everything the people want from Calomel to Zozodont. I am taking State Obligations at par. Hereafter I sell for Cash or Credit. Parties indebted to me must come forward immediately and settle; else I must go to see them. A. A. SUMMERS

ADVERTISEMENT – How to Paint. Painters and property owners desiring pure, good material should use or stipulate for the use of HARRISON Bros. & Co.’s “town and county” ready mixed paints. Pure white and 40 different shades, entirely ready for use. Beautiful, durable and economical. Made from Pure material. Tested on thousands of buildings. Handsome and permanent. No waste or loss of time in mixing. Does not crack or peel. Cheaper and better than any other paint. Free from objectionable ingredients generally used in so called “chemical” paints. Sample cards on application. Consumers of paints preferring stock in old past form should use or stipulate for use of Harrison’s pure white lead, oldest brand in the country. Whitest, finest and best. Harrison’s Sylvan Green, exquisite in tint, unrivaled in body, and of never fading shade. Harrison’s standard colors. Umbers, siennas, ochres, blacks, vermillions, blues, and yellows, unequalled for strength and fineness. Best and finest made. Order these brands from your dealer. Take no other. For sale (wholesale only) at 115 Fulton Street, New York. Centennial medals awarded for superiority of Harrison’s Bros. & Co.’s paints.

ADVERTISEMENT – Established 1856. DART & REYNOLDS (A. A. DART) Builders of Light Carriages, New Haven, Conn. Manufacture work expressly for the southern market, and from long experience are thoroughly acquainted with the requirements of the country. The work itself used in every Southern State is its recommendation, and renders a detailed description unnecessary. We also manufacture the celebrated Dexter Buggy, Now on Exhibition at the Centennial. The best, easiest and most durable vehicle in existence. For Circulars, & c. apply as above.

ADVERTISEMENT – LEROY BREWER, THOS. DUGAN, H. L. HOPPER, C. A. HARRIS – L. BREWER & CO., Wholesale grocers. Dealers in Northern and Western Goods. Retailers and dealers in domestic and imported wines and liquors. Also Cotton Factors and Commission merchants. Agents for Orange Powder Works, Pratt’s Radiant & Astral Oil, California Gold Seal Wine. N. Schaeffer’s Lard and Candles, S. Davis Jr. & Co. Diamond Hams, Blackwell’s Durbam Smok’g Tobacco. Corner of Commerce and St. Louis Streets, Mobile, Ala.


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County Court meets on the 1st Monday in each month. Probate Court meets on 2nd Monday in each month. Commissioner’s Court Meets on the 2nd Monday in February, May, August, and November.


COUNTY OFFICERS ALEXANDER COBB – Judge of Probate S. P. KEMP – Sheriff J. R. MCMULLAN – Circuit Clerk JAMES M. MORTON – Register in Chancery JAMES M. WILSON – Treasurer J. F. PENNINGTON – Tax Assessor G. W. WOODS – Tax Collector W. T. MARLER – Coroner


Masonic: Vernon Lodge, No. 389, meets on the 2nd Saturday of each month, at 10 a.m. I.O.O.F: Moscow Lodge, No. 45, meets on the 2nd and 4th Saturdays in each month, at 7 p.m.

THE PIONEER. Vernon, Friday, June 1, 1877

CANDIDENTIAL ANNOUNCEMENTS. We are authorized to announce D. J. MOLLOY as a candidate for County Treasurer at the election to be held in August next.

We are authorized to announce A. J. WHEELER as a candidate for County Commissioner – election next August.

We are authorized to announce L. M. WOFFORD as a candidate for Sheriff and Tax Collector for Lamar County – subject to primary election if held.

We are authorized to announce JAMES E. BLACKWELL as a candidate for Sheriff and Tax Collector for Lamar County – subject to action for the Democratic and Conservative Party.

We are authorized to announce CAPT. D. J. LACY as a candidate for Sheriff and Tax Collector of Lamar County, Alabama.

We are authorized to announce JOHN H. HAMILTON as a candidate for Sheriff and Tax Collector of Lamar County, Alabama.

We are authorized to announce JAMES MIDDLETON as a candidate for County Treasurer for Lamar County. Election in August.

We are authorized to announce E. M. VAN DIVER as a candidate for County Treasurer, election to be held in August next.

We are authorized to announce F. M. RICHARDS as a candidate for Sheriff and Tax Collector for Lamar County, election in August.

We are authorized to announce M. W. LLOYD as a candidate for Sheriff and Tax Collector for Lamar County, subject to action of the Democratic and Conservative Party. We are authorized to announce H. W. MILLER as a candidate for Sheriff and Tax Collector for Lamar County, subject to action of the Democratic and Conservative Party.

We are authorized to announce W G. RICHARDS as a candidate for County Commissioner 1st District. Election in August.

We are authorized to announce HOUSTON HANKINS as a candidate for Sheriff and Tax Collector for Lamar County, Ala.

We are authorized to announce JAMES H. COOPER as a candidate for the office of Sheriff and Tax Collector for Lamar County.

I take this method of informing my friends throughout the county that I am a candidate for Treasurer for Lamar County. My physical condition is such that I will not be able to make canvas of the county. But, if elected, I promise my fellow citizens to be on hand, at any and all times, at Vernon, and to personally discharge the duties of the office. D. V. LAWRENCE.

We are authorized to announce J. E. PENNINGTON as a candidate for Tax Assessor for Lamar County. Subject to the action of the Democratic Party.

We are authorized to announce W. W. PURNELL of Beaver Creek as a candidate for Tax Assessor for Lamar County at the ensuing August election.

We are authorized to announce HENRY HILL as a candidate for Treasurer for Lamar County – Subject to the actions of the Democratic and Conservative Party.

We are authorized to announce J. R. SHIELDS for Coroner for Lamar County.

DAILY DOTTINGS We have changed our publication day from Friday to Wednesday. The change is made on account of our mail facilities.

Rain last week. Wheat is being reaped. O for a basket of plums! Croquet rain or shine. The Gazette says the wheat crop is almost certain to be good in Fayette County. KITE FLYING is “all the go” about Fayette.

Candidates will do well to be at the courthouse on the 18th.

The Debating Club will give a public entertainment on the evening of the 15th – attend.

Boys get up and go down to the creek take a bathe and eat a handful of plums every morning before breakfast, and you will have good health.

The Free-Will Baptist Missionary Board met at the courthouse last Saturday.

On last Saturday evening we accepted an invitation from Mr. ROBERT S. KIRK, to take a buggy ride into the country – we enjoyed it very much.

Chillis are very popular in and around town.

A copy of the Southern Live Stock Journal was received at this office on Wednesday by the Fayette mail. What does this mean? Has Starkville, Miss changed her geographical position, or has the P.M. at Columbus, Miss, been on a drunk.

Mr. CHARLES HOPSON, Silversmith and Jeweler, of Fayette C. H. will be in Vernon all of next week, for the purpose of repairing watches, clocks, jewelry, sewing machines, &c.

Subscribers failing to receive the Pioneer regularly will please notify us of the fact and we will try to look up the negligent postmaster and advise him to attend to his business. We know that some one is careless from our own mail.

Take your surplus produce down to JOHN W. WORRELL and sell it for cash or exchange for all kinds of groceries.

When at Columbus be sure and stop at the Crawford House where you will find the best accommodations.

Call on G. W. COX, at Columbus, Miss and get No 1 lamps at 25 cents. Read his ad in another column.

Make love-making a matter of business, and attend to it in a business manner.

SHERIFF KEMP continued the sale of the WELSH, VAILS, AND DARR lands to the 1st Monday in July for the want of better bidders. See Sheriff’s details.

We have two elegant new Sewing Machines – which we will sell cheap and on easy terms. Apply at this office.

Pettengill’s Newspaper Directory for 1877, a very useful and interesting volume of some 378 pages has just been received. The book is elegantly printed and gives a mine of information in regard to the newspaper publications of the United States – besides steel engraving of the leading journalists of New York.

MR. R. W. YOUNG will take wheat at the regular market price for subscriptions to the Pioneer at the gin house of ALEXANDER YOUNG & Sons, Bedford, Ala.

In camel’s hair shawls alone, Queen Victoria is a millionariess. Her collection of these rare and costly shawls is enormous, and the interest on their value would support half a dozen families in good style. Yet, for all this, her gracious Majesty does not present near as elegant an appearance as down may an American lady, who makes her own dresses on a “Domestic” Sewing Machine after the celebrated “Domestic” Paper Fashions.

WILL SMITH gone to Jasper, with the view of running the Eagle. – Gazette.

We will give one year’s subscription of the Pioneer to the one who will present to this office, the largest watermelon this year. Some one is sure to win the prize.

When you come to Vernon have your horse cared for at the Livery Stable of A. J. WHEELER. Messrs. FARRIS and WHEELER are doing an honest business in the livery and hack Line.

The Democrats of Vernon Beat are requested to meet at the Court House on Saturday next, at 2 o’clock p.m. for the purposes designated in the call of the County Executive Committee.

The MESSRS. MORTONS ground the first turn of new wheat on Thursday last. These gentlemen have their mills in fine condition, and are prepared to turn out several qualities of flour – from the best (which will compare with any Northern or Western sample) to the lowest grades.

MCMULLAN is off on a roundabout tour for his health.

APPLICATION FOR PARDON. This is to give notice to all who may be concerned that I shall make application to Geo. S. Houston, Governor of the State of Alabama for a pardon of the fine assessed against me at the Lamar county Circuit Court, Spring Term, 1877 – for assault. HUBERT HOLLIS.

Military Springs, Ala. June 9th, 1877 D. R. ALDRIDGE, ESQR., Publisher of Pioneer. I see you reported Cotton Squares in your last paper – I can beat that. I have blooms in my cotton. Yours &c., A. L. B. - We guess its dog-fennel blooms.

JAMES P. YOUNG notifies ELIJAH PENNINGTON to appear before him on the 4th day of August next.

COL. GILLEPSIE, agent for Gould’s Common Sense Bee Hive, has suddenly retired to parts unknown; anyone knowing where he is will do me a favor to inform me of his location. G. W. RUSH, Vernon, Ala. P.S. – Mississippi papers please copy.

We will take wheat or other country produce at the prevailing market price in payment for subscription. We ask our friends who are in arrears for subscription or otherwise to remember the printer when harvest time comes. Deliver the amount you owe us in wheat, at its cash value, to this office, SAUNDERS’, MORTON’S or CANSLER’S mills – we shall expect it or you.

The time of holding the next quarterly Conference for the Luxapilila Circuit at Asbury Church is changed from the 11 and 12 days of August to the 7 and 8 of July, embracing the 2nd Sunday in said month. J. L. COLEMAN, P. E.

NOTICE – MEETING OF THE FREE-WILL MISSIONARY BOARD The Delegation, according to previous appointment, met at 2 o’clock on June the 9th, 1877. On motion and second BRO. T. W. SPRINGFIELD was called to the chair and BRO. J. M. I. GUYTON appointed secretary. The meeting was opened with prayer by Bro. Springfield. On motion BRO. R. G GUYOTN was appointed to fill the place of BRO. PAGE of Free Liberty Church. Reports were called for from the churches as follows: Mt. Moriah, JOE WOODS, ………….…….10.35 Macedonia, ROBT. FIELDS………………..10.00 Vernon, D. J. MOLLOY…………………….10.00 Free Hope, J. D. CRAWFORD…………….. 5.00 Mt. Pleasant, J. LAMPKINS……………… 10.00 Corinth, No Representative………………..10.00 Springfield, T. MCMASSUS………………. 5.00 Pilgrim’s Chapel, No Representative…….--------- Mt. Springs, S. LOLLAR…………………..--------- Free Liberty, R. G. GUYTON………………. 5.00 Shiloah, No Representative………………. … 8.00 Union Chapel, S. H. HANKINS………………5.00 Bethlehem, No Representative……………. 10.00 Holly Springs, No Representative………….-------- Pleasant Hill, No Representative…………… 3.00 Pleasant Ridge, No Representative………… 5.00 Military Springs, J. M. I. GUYTON……….. 3.00 Friendship, W. N. JOHNSON …………….. 3.00 On motion BRO. THOS. MOLLOY and N. E. VAILS were added to the Delegation. After consultation we have employed BRO. T. W. SPRINGFIELD to ride the first month in North District and Bro. MOLLOY in South District, 2nd BRO. SPRINGFIELD in South District and BRO. MOLLOY North District, commencing July 10th, 1877. On motion adjourned. T. W. SPRINGFIELD, Moderator J. M. I. GUYTON, clerk

NOTICE – CITATION NOTICE State of Alabama, Lamar County HEPSABETH JERNIGAN by her agent, CHARLES JERNIGAN vs. ELIJAH PENNINGTON, JOE. PENNINGTON, Admr’s - Garnishee. Justice Court, June 2nd, 1877 This being the day to which the attachment of the plaintiff in the above entitle cause was to be heard which has been executed by garnisheeing JOSEPH PENNINGTON, administrator of BENJAMIN PENNINGTON, deceased. Come the plaintiff and JOSEPH PENNINGTON to answer when it appeared that the defendant is a non-resident of this State, it is ordered by the Court that the 4th day of August next be and is a day set for the hearing of same and that notice of said day be given by publication in the Vernon Pioneer for three consecutive weeks prior to said day notifying said ELIJAH PENNINGTON to come forward plead answer or demur to plaintiff’s demand, or judgement will be rendered accordingly and the garnishee required to pay his indebtedness to this Court. Given under my hand June 2, 1877 JAS. P. YOUNG, J. P.

NOTICE – SETTLEMENT NOTICE State of Alabama, Lamar County Probate Court, Special Term, June 6th, 1877 This day came I. H. SANDERS and filed his accounts, vouchers and evidence in final settlement of the estate of SAMUEL WALLACE, late of said county, deceased, it is ordered by the Court that the 6th day of July 1877, be a day set for the examination and passing upon said accounts, and all parties interested can contest the same if they think proper. Given under my hand this 9th day of June, A. D. 1877. ALEXANDER COBB, Judge of Probate

NOTICE – SHERIFF’S SALE State of Alabama, Lamar County THE STATE OF ALABAMA vs sci. fa. J. T. WELCH W. W. WELCH F. M. VAILS Under and by virtue of a fi. fa. to me directed by the Clerk of the Circuit Court of Pickens County, I will on Monday the 4th day of June 1877 proceed to sell in front of the Court House door of Lamar County at Vernon, within the hours prescribed by law to the highest and best bidder for cash, the following real estate to with:…Sec 32, T 17, R 15, said lands lying, being and situate in the county of Lamar and State aforesaid, and levied on as the property of F. M. VAIL, one of the defendants. This the 1st day of May.1877. S. P. KEMP, Sheriff The above sale is postponed to Monday the 2nd day of July 1877 for want of a bidder. This June 4th, 1877.

NOTICE – SHERIFF’S SALE State of Alabama, Lamar County THE STATE OF ALABAMA vs sci. fa. W. W. WELCH J. A. DARR Under and by virtue of a fi. fa. to me directed by the Clerk of the Circuit Court of Pickens County, I will on Monday the 4th day of June 1877, in front of the courthouse door of Lamar County, at Vernon, within the hours prescribed by law, proceed to sell to the highest and best bidder for cash the following described property, to wit:…(land description)…all in township 17, range 15, said lands lying being situated in the county of Lamar and State aforesaid, and levied on as the property of J. A. DARR, one of the defendants. This the 1st day of May 1877. S. P. KEMP, Sheriff The above sale is continued to Monday the 2nd day of July 1877, for want of a bidder. This June 4th, 1877.

NOTICE – SHERIFF’S SALE The State of Alabama, Lamar County COLUMBUS INSURANCE & BANKING CO. vs E. B. ALSOP Under and by virtue of an alias Fi Fa to me directed by the clerk of the Circuit Court of Lamar county, I will in front of the courthouse door, at Vernon, within the hours prescribed by law, on Monday the 2nd day of July 1877, proceed to sell to the highest and best bidder, for cash, the following described lands, to wit: …(land description)…Sec 28 T14, R16, lying and being situated in county and State aforesaid, levied upon as the property of E. B. ALSOP, to satisfy a balance due on Judgement rendered against him in favor of the Columbus Insurance & Banking Company at the Fall Term of our Circuit Court. 1878. June 1st. 1877 S. P. KEMP, Sheriff

NOTICE – CITATION NOTICE H. T. HENSON, Pltff., vs W. B. ROBINSON, Def. Notary Public Court April 28th, 1877. In this case, this day, came the plaintiff and moves the court for judgement against Deft. when it appeared that said attachment was executed by service upon F. M. LACY as garnishee, and also that defendant is a non-resident of this State. It is ordered by the Court, that Saturday the 23rd day of June next, be set for the final hearing of said case and that notice of said day be given by publication in the Vernon Pioneer, a newspaper published in said county, for three consecutive weeks prior to said 23 day of June next, notifying said defendant to appear and pleas answer or demur to plaintiffs demand, or judgement will be made final and said F. M. LACY be required to pay to said plaintiff the amount he answered &c. Given under my hand the 28th day of April 1877 J. S. GUYTON, N. P., and ex-officio J. P.

NOTICE – ADMINISTRATOR’S SALE State of Alabama, Lamar County By virtue of an order of the Probate Court of Lamar County, Alabama, made on the 9th day of May 1877, I will, as administrator of the estate of BENJAMIN PENNINGTON, late of said county, deceased, on the 16th day of June 1877 expose to sale for one eighth cash and the remainder, on a credit of twelve months, at PENNINGTON MILLS, in said county, the following tract of land, to wit: …(land descr.)…Sec 15, T15, R 16. Said land includes the widow dower of which she will be entitled to during her life. This 11th day of May, 1877. JOSEPH PENNINGTON, Adr. of BENJAMIN PENNINGTON, Deceased

NOTICE – TAX SALE I will sell for taxes owed for 1876 on the 18th day of June 1877 before the courthouse door of Lamar County, Ala, between the hours of 10 a.m. and 2 p.m. the following lands, viz: MOSCOW BEAT JOHN R. KING – (land description)…T13, R14 and T13, R15. Tax and costs $17.05. Owner unknown BROWN’S BEAT PETER SMITH’S estate. T13, R14. Tax and costs $4.50. VAIL’S BEAT Owner unknown STRICKLAND’S BEAT LOUIS POLLARD’S estate – T16, R15. Tax and costs $2.80. WILSON’S BEAT C. L. HILL – T17, R15. Tax and costs $4.90 ALFRED POE’S estate – T17, R15. Tax and costs $9.25. Vernon, Ala, May 7, 1877. G. W. WOODS, Tax Collector

ADVERTISEMENT – TRI-WEEKLY HACK TO COLUMBUS. We would announce to the citizens of Vernon and Lamar county, that we have a splendid two horse hack with safe teams and careful driver, which we propose to run regularly with the mails, from this place to Columbus, Miss. Leaves Vernon on Mondays, Wednesdays, and Fridays. Returns on Tuesdays, Thursdays and Saturdays. We solicit from the traveling public a liberal share of patronage. Our charges for travel will be moderate. Give us a trial when you want to go to Columbus. FARRIS & WHEELER

ADVERTISEMENT – FREEMASON’S MUTUAL Benefit Association, of Cincinnati, O. This is an Association for the benefit and relief of the widows and orphans of deceased members. For further information inquire of ANDREW MUNROE, Vernon, Ala

NOTICE – CHANCERY COURT State of Alabama, Lamar County ELIZABETH CLARK vs W. S. CLARK In Chancery at Vernon, Lamar County, Alabama. In this cause it is made to appear to the Register, by the affidavit of the complainant, ELIZABETH CLARK, that the said defendant, W. S. CLARK is a non-resident of this State and that his particular place of residence is unknown to complainant, and further that in the belief of complainant the defendant is over 21 years of age, it is therefore ordered by the Register that publication be made in the Vernon Pioneer, a newspaper published at Vernon, for four consecutive weeks requiring him the said W. S. CLARK to answer or demur to the bill of complaint in this cause by the 30th day of June or in thirty days thereafter a decree pro confesso may be taken against him. Done at office, this the 24th day of May 1877. JAMES M. MORTON

ADVERTISEMENT – GILMER HOUSE. A. M. KING, Prop’r. The only first class Hotel in the city

ADVERTISEMENT – O. F. B. SOCIETY – Of Chicago. All can protect their families by joining the Odd Fellow’s Benevolent Society and none should be without such protection. For further information apply to A. MUNROE, at Vernon.

SCHOOL ADVERTISEMENT – MALE AND FEMALE SCHOOL. Vernon, Alabama. The Trustees of the Vernon High School take pleasure in announcing that they have made an arrangement with Rev. W. B. GILLHAM to take charge of their Institution for the ensuing school year – to commence on the 1st Monday in November. MR. GILLHAM’s long and successful experience as educator of the youth of both sexes warrant us in giving him our highest endorsement and soliciting for our School a liberal patronage. In view of the great stringency in money matters, a reduction has been made from the usual rates of tuition for the present year. We propose for the present year to have a first class English School, and when the patronage will justify, to add a teacher of ancient and perhaps modern languages. Our school will be divided into the following grades and rates per session of 5 months. PRIMARY Alphabetical lessons, Spelling, First lessons in Reading, First lessons in Geography and Mathematical Tables. $7.50 INTERMEDIATE Written or Practical Arithmetic, Eng. Grammar, Descriptive Geography, Orthography, Reading, Penmanship, First lessons in English Composition and History of the United States. $12.50 THIRD CLASS Algebra, Geometry, natural Philosophy, Intellectual Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Astronomy, English Composition, Rhetoric, Rhetorical Reading, English Grammar completed, Logic and Universal History. $17.50 All tuition fees due on the admission of the pupil, and the payments to be made punctually each quarter (ten weeks) except the first which must be made by the 25th of December. No pupil will be admitted for a less time than the remainder of the session for which he enters, except by special notice at the time of admission. Board including fires, lights, and lodging from eight to ten dollars per month. EXTRA Music on Piano, per month $4.00 Use of Instrument per month 1.00 Vocal Music (science of per mo.) 3.00 A contingent fee of 50 cents will be charged each pupil for the purpose of keeping up fires, etc. For further particulars apply to: Trustees: J. D. MCCLUSKEY, ARTY A. SUMMERS, T. W. SPRINGFIELD, JASON GUIN, M. W. MORTON

ADVERTISEMENT – The National Protective Association!! Zanesville, Ohio. Incorporated June 19, 1874 Is an Association of Individuals for the purpose of Mutual protection. A sliding scale of annual dues and assessments is adopted. All certificates of membership will guarantee to the representatives or heirs of deceased members in good standing, a sum equal to One Dollar from each surviving member. Any person, male or female between the ages of 18 and 20, in good health may become members of the Association. The fees and dues of this association are in proportion to age. For further information apply to ANDREW MUNROE, Vernon, Ala.

SCHOOL ADVERTISEMENT MUD CREEK ACADEMY. Male and Female. Lamar County Alabama (fifteen miles south of Vernon). The first Session of this Institution will open on the First Monday in November, 1876, and continue eight scholastic months. The number of students is limited to 30. Board, including washing, lights, etc. from $7 to $8 per month. Tuition $1 ½, $2, $2 ½, and $3 per month of 20 days. For particulars address the Principal. J. M. I. GUYTON, Co., Sup’t Ed. Vernon, Lamar Co. Ala. Or apply to Trustees: W. M. FORD, A. PRIDMORE, F. M. RICHARD, I. J. BARKSDALE, WM. RICHARDS.

SCHOOL ADVERTISEMENT- Announcement. A select High School Male and Female. DR. B. F. REED, A. B. – Principal. This school is located at Pleasant Grove Church, in the vicinity of DR. W. H. KENNEDY’S Store, in the south eastern portion of Lamar county, at the intersection of the Tuskaloosa and Aberdeen and the Fayetteville and Columbus roads. The first session will open on the 30th of October and continue forty weeks. The number of students is limited to 25. Board, washing, and tuition only $12 per month. All students wishing to enter this school will be required to enroll their names for the entire term, and no allowance will be made for time lost by students except in cases of death or protracted sickness; and all students must give satisfactory evidence of their ability to profit by instruction and must have a good moral character.

ADVERTISEMENT – Agents make $18 a day. Our large life like Steel Engravings of the Presidential Candidates. Send for circular. N. Y. Engraving Co. 35 Wall St. Box 3236, N. Y.


THE PIONEER. Vernon, Ala. Published Weekly. D. R. ALDRIDGE, Publisher. SID B. SMITH, M. D. Editor & Proprietor Wednesday, June 13, 1877.

ARTICLE – “SHORT HORN CATTLE” – from Southern Live Stock Journal As a general thing Short-Horns imported into the South, more especially the Gulf States – the cotton belt proper – have not given universal satisfaction by any means, but rather has a feeling of dissatisfaction prevailed with purchasers of this particular breed, and why? It is certainly not owing to any imperfection of the breed, but that the South is not prepared with rich and luxuriant pastures to support an animal of the immense size which characterizes the Short-Horn. The Short-Horn can only be made a source of profit where grass and clover is extensively grown. If the South, then, desires to compete successfully with the Northwest in the production of beef, she must prepare to seed freely of the various cultivated grasses for permanent pastures. Our Southern lands are rich enough and are as especially adapted to the successful growing of the various cultivated grasses and clovers as any portion of the United States. By the mildness of the Southern climate, grass and clover is green during the year one third longer than in the North and West, thus demonstrating the fact that the South can be enabled more cheaply to raise stock, of all kinds, than states farther north. We have a high regard for the Short Horn. The breed is without a peer in the production of beef, and certain Short-Horn families are the very best of milkers. While we admire and appreciate the beauty, symmetry and value of the lordly Short Horn, yet we would never advise anyone to purchase this breed unless they have plenty of good pastures. First prepare the pasture, then the cattle can be purchased afterwards. What the South needs now is more grass, and since experiments during the last four years, have demonstrated the adaptability of the different grasses to Southern soil, we may expect hereafter to note more interest taken in this matter.

ARTICLE – “THE SUMMER BEEF TRADE” Says the Kansas City Times: A few weeks ago mention was made in these columns of the arrival in this city of the first of Anderson’s refrigerator cars. They were brought to this city by Mr. Higgs, the agent, and placed on exhibition at the Stock Yards, where they were the center of attraction for a week or more. Like all experiments, these cars – which threatens to revolutionize our cattle trade – were treated with courteous caution, and were criticized by all the cattle men and packers in the city. Both were loaded with fresh killed beef at Nofsingers packing house and shipped via fast freight to Chicago. The beef arrived nice and fresh in the Chicago market and sold readily to the butchers at 7 cents. Here was a triumph! It opened the doors to a new and profitable trade to Kansas City. We can slaughter beef and ship it to New York, Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, Cleveland, Louisville, Memphis, Chicago, and St. Louis or large cities and place it in their markets fresh, sweet and tender right from the grassy prairies of Kansas. The live stock men are puzzled at the prospect. It is plainly evident that it will be cheaper to kill cattle here and save shrinkage and freight and send the herd of cattle in one car instead of a whole train to the East. The car, "Kansas City,” which carried out the experimental load, is back again loading up for another trip. Success to the summer cattle trade.

A small dish of charcoal placed in your meat larder will keep the articles sweet and wholesome almost as well as ice. Charcoal is a great disinfectant. Occasionally used for cleansing the teeth; it will sweeten the breath when nothing else will do so.

It is better to tread the path of life cheerfully, skipping lightly over the thorns and briars that obstruct your way, than to sit down at every hedge lamenting your hard fate.

ADVERTISEMENT – Fifty Cents! Fifty cents will pay for the Chicago Ledger, the best story paper in the United States from July 1st 1877 to January 1st, 1878. The Ledger is a large 48 column weekly paper handsomely printed and ably edited. Send your orders in time to get the first number of the New Story, which begins the last week in June. Remember, only fifty cents for the best paper in the United States, six months, postage paid. Address The Ledger, Chicago, Ill.

ADVERTISEMENT – The New American Sewing Machine. Simplest & Best. Agents Wanted. No. 177 W 4th St. Cincinnati, O.

ADVERTISEMENT – G. W. COX. Columbus, Miss. Dealer in all kinds of French, China, Glass, and earthenware. Fruit Jars, a specialty. Also, an elegant assortment of Best Silver Plated knives, forks, spoons, &c. At prices below any other offered in the market. Call and see him.

ADVERTISEMENT – CRAWFORD House. Columbus, Miss. By MRS. RICHARDS. Is first class –cheap fare – always call.

ADVERTISEMENT – CRAWFORD’S Baking Powder. An improved article for making light and healthy bread, biscuit, cake, rolls, cornbread, griddle cakes, puddings, dumplings, and pastry of every description. It is the cook’s favorite and is warranted perfectly pure and superior to anything of the kind in the market, for healthfulness and strength, producing at all times the most delicious cookery. It is stronger and cheaper than any other baking powder, and is the most economical, convenient, reliable, and nutritious. Please ask your grocer for it and give it a trial. Put up in all sized packages and always warranted. Full weight, full strength, full measure. Orders by mail will receive prompt attention. Samples and price list will be sent to the trade, on application. Crawford & Cline. 176 Furon Street. New York.

ADVERTISEMENT – Welded Steel and Iron Triple Flange Fire and Burglar Proof Safes. Patent inside bolt work and hinged cap. No safe complete without it. W. H. TERWILLIECER, No. 34 Maiden Lane. Near William St. New York.

ADVERTISEMENT – To Consumptives. The undersigned having been permanently cured of that dread disease, Consumption, by a simple remedy, is anxious to make known to his fellow sufferers the means of cure. To all who desire it he will send a copy of the prescription used (free of charge) with the directions for preparing and using the same, which they will find a sure cure for Consumption, Asthma, Bronchitis, &c. parties wishing the prescription will please address, Rev. E. A. WILSON, 104 Penn St., Williamsburgh, New York.

ADVERTISEMENT – PIMPLES – I will mail (free) the recipe for preparing a simple Vegetable balm that will remove Tan, Freckles, Pimples, and Blotches leaving the skin soft, clear and beautiful. Also instructions for producing a luxuriant growth of hair on a bald head or smooth face. Address. BEN. VANDELF & CO. Box 5121, No. 5 Wooster St. N. Y.

ADVERTISEMENT - Errors of Youth. A gentleman who suffered for years from Nervous Debility, Premature Decay and all the effects of youthful indiscretion will for the sake of suffering humility, send free to all who read it, the recipe and directions for making the simple remedy by which he was cured. Sufferers wishing to profit by the advertiser’s experience can do so by addressing in perfect condition. JOHN B. OGDEN, 42 Cedar St. New York.

ADVERTISEMENT – Agents make $18 a day. Our large life like Steel Engravings of the Presidential Candidates. Send for circular. N. Y. Engraving Co. 35 Wall St. Box 3236, N. Y. $12 a day at home. Agents wanted. Outfit and TRUE & CO. Augusta, Maine. Send 25c. to G. P. POWELL & CO., New York, for Pamphlet of 100 pages, lists of 3000 newspapers, and estimates showing cost of advertising.

ADVERTISEMENT – Heed the Words of Advice. Tutt’s Pills. Cure sick headache. Require no change of diet. Are purely vegetable. Never gripe or nauseate. Is not continued to this country, but extends to all parts of the world. A clear head, elastic limbs, good digestion, sound sleep, buoyant spirits, fine appetite are some of the results of the use of Tutt’s Pills. 18 Murray Street. New York.

ADVERTISEMENT – Notice to our friends and customers in Alabama. We are pleased to be able to inform you that we are prepared to store your cotton in our safe and commodious Ware Houses, and that we have every facility for your comfort and that of your teams. With our Ware Houses at the depot we have comfortable camp-houses, with sheds and feeding troughs. Every attention will be given our Alabama friends. Our wagon yard has been improved and fitted in the most thorough manner. Good cabins, good stables, good fencing. In short, every arrangement has been made that business tact could suggest for the comfort of Campers. CAPT. JOE GOODMAN has charge of the yard at Bank’s old stand, and CAPT. E. C. LEECH at Hale’s Warehouse. BANKS, HALE & CO. Columbus, Miss, Aug 17.

ADVERTISEMENT – THE NEW HOME SEWING MACHINE was awarded the First Premium at the Centennial Exhibition 1876 and has always carried off the highest honors wherever exhibited. A compact, simple, durable, light running and efficient “lock switch” machine. Adapted to the wants of everybody. The Home Sewing Machine was perfected---years since the aid of the best invention-------Warranted for five years. Live agents wanted in localities where we are not represented. Send for prices, and sample of work done on the home, or call at any of our offices. JOHNSON, CLARK, & CO. 30 Union Square, New York: 564 Washington Street, Boston, Mass. 111 ½ Second Ave, Pittsburgh, Pa.; 141 State Street, Chicago, Ill.; 21 South 5th Street, St. Louis, Mo.; 17 New Montgomery St. San Francisco, Cal.

ADVERTISEMENT – GULF CITY HOTEL. Corner Water and Conti Streets. Mobile, Ala. This Hotel, with its beautifully furnished rooms, and the best table the market affords, is undoubtedly the cheapest Hotel in the South. Only $2.00 and $2.50 per day, according to room. W. C. MORROW, JR. – Proprietor.

ADVERTISEMENT – W. H. CLOPTON & SON, Wholesale and retail Grocers and dealers in family supplies. 78 Commerce Street, Aberdeen, Miss. We keep the largest and best stock on market and sell at bottom prices for cash.

ADVERTISEMENT – Have you tried SIDDALL’S MAGNETIC SOAP? For use in summer and winter. Makes clothes clean, sweet and very white without boiling or scalding. No rough hands! No yellow clothes! No wash boiler! No steam in the house! Guaranteed under $50 penalty not to injure clothes and superior for Toilet and Shaving. Sold at stores or a family package will be sent, express charges prepaid on receipt of One dollar and Fifty cents. One reliable dealer wanted at every prominent point, as Agent, with whom a liberal arrangement will be made. Address F. H. SIDDALL, 106 Market Street, Phila.

ADVERTISEMENT – Barnes’ Patent Foot Pedal Machinery, Circular and Scroll saws, Lathes, etc. Fancy Wood and Designs. 10 different machines suited to the wants of mechanics and amateurs. Men, boys and ladies are making from $3 to $10 per day using them. Old styles thrown aside when these machines are known. Lumber from ½ to 3 ¼ inches thick hard or soft wood can be ripped by man power at the rate of from 125 to 600 feet per hour, line measure!!! Thousands of them now in use. The Velocipede Scroll Saw for miscellaneous work is admitted by all to be the jolliest little machine in the business. Say what you read this in and send for our 48 page illustrated catalogue free. W. F. & John Barnes, Rockford, Winnebago Co., Ill.

ADVERTISEMENT – Perfection attained at Last. A trial will insure its popularity everywhere. WHITE SUTTLE SEWING MACHINE……White Sewing Machine Co, 358 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, O. Agents Wanted.

ADVERTISEMENT – T. G. BUSH, R. D. HUNTER, A. P. BUSH, JR. – T. G. BUSH & CO. – Wholesale Grocers. No. 51 and 53 North Commerce Street and 9 and 11 St. Louis Street. Mobile, Ala. Prompt and careful attention given to filling orders from a distance. Mr. C. C. WILLIAMS, is with this house and solicits the patronage of his friends in Alabama and Mississippi

ADVERTISEMENT – W. KELLERMAN. Manufacturer and dealer in guns, rifles, pistols. Aberdeen, Miss. Breech-loaders a specialty. Muzzle-loaders converted into breech-loaders, at short notice and low figures. Repairing done neatly and with dispatch. All work guaranteed.

ADVERTISEMENT – The light running Domestic Sewing Machine is the best. Greatest range of work, best quality of work, the lightest to run, always in order. Domestic Sewing Machine Co. New York and Chicago. The Domestic Underbraider and Sewing Machine, the only perfect Braiding Machine known, costs but so $5 more than the Family Machine. The Domestic Paper Fashions are unexcelled for elegance and perfection of fit. Send 5 cents for an illustrated catalogue. The Domestic Monthly, a Fashion and Literary Journal. Illustrated. Acknowledged authority $1.50 a year with a premium. Specimen copy 15 cents. Agents wanted. Most liberal terms. Domestic Sewing Machine Co. New York and Chicago.

ADVERTISEMENT – Silver Plated Ware. Electro-plated table ware and Ornamental art work in great variety manufactured by the Meridian Britannia Company. 550 Broadway New York. The best plated spoons and forks are those silver-plated heaviest on the parts where necessarily the most wear comes, and bearing the trade mark. 1847 – ROGERS BROTHERS--- N.B. – This great improvement in Silver plated spoons and forks is applied alike to each grade of plate. A 1, 3, and 12 oz, as ordered. Process and Machinery for manufacturing these goods are patented. The Extra or “standard plate” made by this company is stamped A1, simply, and is plated 20 per cent heavier than the ordinary market standard. First premiums awarded at all fairs where exhibited, from World’s Fair of 1852 to American Institute Fair, 1875, inclusive.

ADVERTISEMENT – Begin the New Year with a paper from the State Capitol. The year 1877 will be marked by more important events than any of its predecessors. The Montgomery Advertiser as heretofore will be devoted to the Democratic and Conservative cause, and will be aspiring in its efforts to uphold good government in the State and Union. It is ordered at the following rates: One copy daily – 1 year $10.00 One copy Daily – 6 months 5.00 One copy Weekly – 1 year 2.00 Twenty copies Weekly – 1 year 35.00 Thirty copies Weekly – 1 year 45.00 Postage included. An extra copy will be sent to every person getting up a club. Send money be Registered Letter, Express or Money Order. Address all letters to W. W. SCREWS. Montgomery, Ala.

ADVERTISEMENT – New Cash Store! LOUIS ROY Dealer in Dry goods, notions, boots, shoes, clothing, hats, caps, &c. 69 Commerce Street. Aberdeen, Miss. J. H. TYRONE is with this house and will be glad to see his Alabama friends

ADVERTISEMENT – B.T. GIFFORD. Dealer in Watches & Jewelry. 105 Commerce Street, Aberdeen, Miss. Celebrated Elgin watches. Stem winding American and Geneva Watches. Spencer’s Diamond Spectacles. Seth Thomas Clocks, Engraving initials on goods sold free of cost. Watch, clocks, and jewelry repairing done in best manner and warranted.

ADVERTISEMENT – A Dealer wanted in every town in the South for the celebrated WEED SEWING MACHINE. The easiest learned, lightest running, most durable and popular Machine made. Received the highest award at the Centennial. Special inducements offered. Address. Weed Sewing Machine Co. No. Canal Street, New Orleans.

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