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USGenWeb Archives for Alabama

Vernon Clipper 10 Oct 1879

Microfilm Ref Call #373 Microfilm Order #M1992.4466 from The Alabama Department of Archives and History



The Texas papers admit that the rush of immigrants to their state is over, and say they are not sorry. The glowing pictures drawn by railroad agents of the certain wealth that awaited every comer, attracted thousands of shiftless people, who, of course, have found that it was necessary to work for a living in Texas as well as in any other part of the country. Even the railroad companies now see that immigrants of this sort are worse than useless, and there is a general disposition to stick a little more closely to the facts in immigration circulars, and get better people, if fewer of them.

A new iron railroad tie recently exhibited at Philadelphia dispenses with the use of spikes, bolts, nuts, or fish plates, and with the drilling and punching of rails, and avoids the consequent dangers of weakening or fracture from such causes. The mode of attachment is by means of a recess, with which each tie is provided, along the bottom of which recess wedge-shaped transverse pieces are cast. At the side of the recesses are two creasoted blocks of wood, which form a cushion and a fulcrum for two clamps, which grasp the flange and web of the rail above, bearing upon opposite faces of the wedge below. By this device the weight of the train increases the grip of the clamps. The first coat of this tie is greater than that of the wooden tie, but it is claimed that this is more than offset by its much greater durability.

A war between Russia and China is said to be imminent. It grows out of Russia’s partial occupation of Kashgar, but the Chinese probably feel sore over the way Russia swindled them out of a large extent of territory in Northern China, a few years ago, and the reported Russian occupation of the Chinese province of Tsitsihan, in 1877, seems to be a fact. A war with China may not be a very trifling business. During the last few years there has been a revival of the military spirit of the Empire, and the old fashioned arms and bungling evolutions are rapidly giving place to the next improved modern weapons and the best European drill, under competent instructors, while millions have been spent during the last ten years in the construction and purchase of war steamers of the newest type, and in establishing arsenals and dockyards at convenient points. At present, the efforts of the Chinese government are directed to the organization of a formidable navy. Under a pressure from foreign powers, China could easily put in the field several millions of men. Under some new, impetuous Genghis Khan, the mingled Mongolians and Tartars may yet sweep Russia out of Turkestan and menace the British Indian Empire on the east.

The advocates of the existing system of Indian management, which is a system of robbery, fraud, and injustice toward the Indians, never let an opportunity pass to arouse the army officers and charge them with whatever goes wrong in the Indian Bureau. Of course this kind of talk is puerile, and the position is untenable. An army officer, writing on this subject to the Boston Advertiser says: “I challenge any one to produce an instance of the shooting or in any other way putting to death Indian prisoners, simply as such, by our army. The army of the United States has been the friend of the Indian of the plain; that it is obliged to act as a police force to carry out the decrees of the government has never prevented a friendly attitude during peaceful times, and columns could be written of instances in which they have stood between them and wrong and sought to better their condition in the truest and best sense. General MCKENZIE, at Fort Sill, and Colonel MIZNER, at Fort Reno, I. T., were the first, I believe, to put into practical shape the idea of making the wild tribes a pastoral people, by selling the ponies captured from them in war and buying cattle for them with the proceeds, with which to commence the raising of herds. The army today sympathizes most thoroughly with all efforts for their betterment and improvement, and are today the worst enemies of the contractors, who form the animating soul of the Indian ring. Indignant at frauds and chicanery, which, under the present laws, they are powerless to prevent, they rank second only to the Indians themselves as sufferers from a gigantic governmental mismanagement which, as Mr. PHILLIPS truly says, “is the darkest blot in our country’s history.” The transfer of the Indian bureau to the war department would be the best thing for the Indian. The loudest opponents of that measure are either Indian Bureau thieves or their friends who desire to keep up the opportunities for stealing.

IN THE RAIN – Clara P. Burlingame Quick, quick, open the door – Wider – now, so! For here comes Miss Annie, With face all aglow, Breathless she enters – She’s reached home at last. “Great Heavens! I’m thankful The worst is now past.

“I was hurrying on, Fast as ever I could, To get to the school Before the storm should. But no! Just four blocks Had I distanced from you, When down came the rain, And drenched me right through.

“O goodness! Don’t mention That horrid umbrell, For wherever its gone to I’m sure I cannot tell. I was holding it closely Down over my face, When, all of a sudden, It went off on a race.

I looked just one moment I thought I would see If I could find the unbrell That once sheltered me, But ‘twas not in sight So onward I sped, With rain pouring swiftly Down on my head.

Faster, more furious, The torrents of rain, Making me wish I were home once again But the wind! O good heavens! I’m sure I shall faint The way those men laughed Would have maddened a saint.

I felt my checks redden I knew that my clothes Were held in a manner That showed my striped hose But I did not care I would never confess That, for fear of such men, I had spoiled my new dress.

So I walked past them quickly With lips firm-compressed, Not heeding their comments On ‘how she was dressed’. So here I am safely Within my own door; And of storms I assure you I don’t wish for more.

LEE’S LAST BATTLE FOUGHT FROM COLQUITT’S SAILENT – GEN. GORDON’S LIFE OF ROMANCE – A MEMORABLE TALK WITH LEE – THE DESPERATE DASH OF A FORLORN HOPE – A PAGE OF UNWRITTEN CONFEDERATE VALOR We copy the following extracts from an article in the Philadelphia Sunday Times by “H. W. G.” A short time ago I was riding with a distinguished Carolinian who had been one of Lee’s fiercest fighters, down a boulevard near this city. Suddenly we passes a pony phaeton, drawn by a fast gray mare, and bearing a slender, lissome lady, who, by the way, had the reins clinched in her gloved hands, and a gentleman with a Greeley hat and a scar on his face, lying well back on the cushions. Said my companion: “That man was the leader in the most thrilling scenes in the late war. He organized, commanded and led the last assault that General Lee ever ordered on the federal lines. When this last effort was made to cut the tightening lines of Grant about Petersburg and Richmond, General Lee gave all the details and leadership into that man’s hands and he was hardly over thirty years of age at the time. The history of that attempt – its failure – the few furious, hopeless days that followed, and then the surrender – there’s a chapter of history, sir, that reads like a romance! And strange to say, it has never been written or published.” We had passed Senator and Mrs. John B. Gordon. General Gordon’s whole life is like a romance. Entering the late war, well down in his twenties, as captain of a company of mountaineers, he speedily became major, colonel, brigadier-general and finally lieutenant-general. He won distinction on every field – was wounded repeatedly, receiving five balls in one battle – never was stayed from first to last in a single assault upon the enemy – an audacious, inspiring, impetuous figure in the horrible scenes of carnage –and yet so wise and impartial, so cautious in council, that General Lee had the greatest confidence in his judgement. I rode out to Kirkwood to try and get the general to give me the history of the fearful days to which my friend had alluded. Upon my making my business known the general stated that he had been often pressed to write the history of the last few days of Lee’s army, but had not had the time to do so. He agrees to spend the day with me in going over it, that I might prepare the account at my leisure. Every detail of the following, therefore, is authentic, although of course I do not in every case give the general’s exact words, but always the substance. And if I could pen down the paper, the subtle patches, or portray the stern and inflexible heroism of the story as it came to me, I should write a chapter, the like of which mortal hand never wrote before. THE SCENES ABOUT PETERSBURG Said General Gordon: “You will remember the situation of affairs in Virginia about the 18th of March, 1865. The valley campaign of the previous summer, which was inaugurated for the purpose of effecting a diversion and breaking the tightening lines about Richmond and Petersburg, and from which so much had been expected, had ended in disaster. Grant had masses an enormous army in front of Petersburg and Richmond, and fresh troops were hurrying to his aid. Our army covered a line of over twenty miles, and was in great distress. The men were literally starving. We were not able to issue even half rations. One-sixth of a pound of beef a day, I remember, was at one time the ration of a portion of the army, and the men could not always get even that. I saw men often on their hands and knees with little sticks digging the grains of corn from out of tracks of horses, washing it and cooking it. The brave fellows were so depleted and worn down by the time Grant broke our lines that the slightest wound often killed them. A scratch of the hand would result in gangrene and prove fatal. The doctors took me to the hospitals and showed me men with a joint of their fingers shot off and their arm gangrened up to the elbow. ‘The men are starved,’ they said, ‘and we can do nothing with them.’ The sights that I saw as I walked among those poor, emaciated, hungry men, dying of starved and poisoned systems, were simply horrible. Our horses were in no better condition. Many of them were hardly able to do service at all. General Lee had gone in person into Petersburg and Richmond and begged the citizens to divide what little they had with his wretched men. The heroic people did all that they could do. Our sole line of supplies was the railroad running into North Carolina and penetrating into “Egypt” as we called South-west Georgia, which was then the provision ground for our armies. Such was the situation. AN AFFECTING INTERVIEW WITH GENERAL LEE Before daylight on the morning of the 2d of March, 1865, General Lee sent for me. I mounted my horse at once and rode to General Lee’s headquarters. I reached the house in which he was staying at about four o’clock in the morning. As I entered the room to which I had been directed I found General Lee alone. I shall never forget the scene. The general was standing at the fire-place, his head on him arm, leaning on the mantel-piece – for the first time that I ever saw him so, looking thoroughly dejected. A dim lamp was burning on a small center-table. On the table was a mass of official reports. General Lee remained motionless for a moment after I had opened the door. He then looked up, greeted me with his usual courtesy and motioned me to the little table, and drawing up a chair sat down. I sat opposite him. I have sent for you, General Gordon, he said, to make known to you the condition of our affairs and to confer with you. The night was fearfully cold. The fire and lamp both burned low as General Lee went on to give me the details of the situation. I have here, he said, reports in from my officers tonight. I find upon careful examination that I have under my command, of all arms hardly 45,000 men. These men are starving, they are already so weakened as to be hardly efficient. Many of them have become desperate, reckless, and disorderly as they have never been before. It is difficult to control men who are suffering for food. They are breaking open mills, barns and stores in search for food. Almost crazed from hunger, they are deserting from some commands in large numbers and going home. My horses are in equally bad condition. The supply of horses in the country is exhausted. It has come to be where it is just as bad for me to have a horse killed as a man. I can not remount a cavalryman whose horse dies. General Grant could mount 10,000 men in ten days, and move around our flank. If he were to send me word tomorrow that I might move out unmolested, I have not enough horses to move my artillery. He is unlikely to send this message, however. And yet, smiling, he sent me word yesterday that he knew what I had for breakfast every morning. I sent him word that I did not think this could be so, for if he did know he would surely send me something better. THE ARMIES THAT CONVERGED UPON LEE’S ARMY But now let us look at the figures. I have, as I have shown you, not quite 45,000 men. To oppose these Grant has in my front not less than 150,000 men. My men are starved, exhausted, sick. His are in the best condition possible. But beyond this, there is Hancock at Winchester, with a force of probably not less than 18,000 men. To oppose this force I have not a solitary vidette. Sheridan, with his terrible cavalry, has marched, almost unmolested and unopposed, along the James, cutting the railroads and canals. Thomas is approaching from Knoxville with a force estimated at 30,000. To opposes him I have a few brigades of badly disciplined cavalry, amounting to probably 3,000 in all. General Sheridan is in North Carolina, and with Scholfield’s forces will have 65,000 men. AS to what I have to oppose this force, I submit the following telegram from General Johnston. The telegram reads: General Beauregard telegraphed you a few days ago that with Governor Vance’s home guards, we could carry 20,000 men into battle. I find, upon close inspection, that we can not muster over 13,000 men.” This was, General Gordon said, as nearly as he could recollect, General Johnston’s telegram. “I have here, say 40,000 men, able for duty, though none of my poor fellows are in good condition. They are opposed directly by an army of 160,000 strong and confident men. And converging on my little force are four separate armies, numbering, in the aggregate, 130,000 more men. This force, added to General Grant’s, makes over a quarter million. To prevent these from uniting for my destruction there are hardly 60,000 men available. My men are growing weaker, day by day. Their sufferings are terrible and exhausting. My horses are broken down and impotent. I am apprehensive that at any time Grant may press around my flank and cut our sole remaining line of supplies. Now, General,” he said, looking me straight in the face, “what is to be done?” With this he laid his papers down and leaned back in his chair. I replied: “Since you have dome me the honor to ask my opinion I wil give it. The situation as you portray it is infinitely worse than I had dreamed it was. I cannot doubt that your information is correct. I am of the opinion therefore, that one of two things should be done, and at once. We must either treat with the United States government for the best terms possible, or we should concentrate all our strength at one point of Grant’s lines, selecting some point on the right bank of the Appomatox, assault him, break through his lines, destroy his pontoon, and then turn full upon the flank of his left wing, sweep down it and destroy it if possible, and then join Johnston in North Carolina by forced marches, and, combing our army with his, fall upon Sherman.” “And what then?” “If we beat him, or succeed in making a considerable battle, then treat at once for terms. I am forced to the conclusion from what you say, sir, that we have no time to delay.” “So that is your opinion, is it?” he asked, in a tone that sent the blood to my face. I ought to have remembered that it was a way General Lee had of testing the sincerity of a man’s opinion, by appearing to discredit it. “It is sir.” I replied, “but I should not have ventured it had it not been asked. And since you seem to differ from the opinion I hold, may I ask you what your opinion is?” At once his manner changed, and leaning forward, he said, blandly: “I entirely agree with you, general.” “Do President Davis and the Congress know these facts? have you expresses an opinion as to the propriety of making terms to President Davis and to the Congress.” General Lee replied to the question: “General Gordon, I am a soldier. It is my duty to obey orders.” “Yes,” I replied, “but if you read the papers, General Lee, you can’t shut your eyes to the fact that the hopes of the Southern people are centered in you and your army; and if we wait until we are beaten and scattered into the mountains before we make an effort at terms, the people will not be satisfied. Besides, we will simply invite the enemy to hunt us down over the country, devastating it where they go.” General Lee said nothing to this for some time, but paced the floor in silence, while I sat gloomy enough, as you may know, at the fearful prospect. He had doubtless thought of all I said long before, and had decided probably on his course before he sent for me. I don’t wish you to understand that I am vain enough to believe for a moment that anything I said induced him to go to Richmond the next day. As I said before he had doubtless decided upon that already, and only feigned a difference of opinion or hesitation in order to see with what pertinacity I held my own. He did to Richmond, and on his return sent for me again, and in reply to my question as to what had occurred, he replied: ‘Sir, it is enough to run a man’s hair gray to spend on day in that Congress. The members are patriotic and earnest; but they will neither take the responsibility of acting, nor will they clothe me with authority to act. As for Mr. Davis, he is unwilling to anything short of independence, and feels that it is useless to try to treat on that basis. Indeed, he says, that having failed in one overture of peace at Hampton Roads, he is not disposed to try another.” “Then,” said I, “there is nothing left us but to fight, and the sooner we fight the better; for every day weakens us and strengthens our opponents.” A MIDNIGHT ATTACK AGREED UPON. It was these two conferences that led to the desperate and almost hopeless attack I made on the 25th of March on Grant’s lone at Fort Steadman and Hare’s Hill, in front of Petersburg. THE PLAN OF BATTLE I finally submitted a plan of battle to General Lee, which he approved and ordered executed. It was briefly this: To take Fort Steadman by direct assault at night; then, send a separate body of men to each of the rear forts, who, claiming to be federals, might pass through the federal reserves and take possession of the rear line of forts, as if ordered to do so by the federal commander. Next, then to press with my whole force to the rear of Grant’s main line and force him out of the trenches, destroy his pontoons, cut his telegraph wires and press down upon his flank. Of course it was a desperate and almost hopeless undertaking and could be justified only by our desperate and hopeless condition, if we remained idle. We both recognized it as the forlornest of forlorn hopes. Let me particularize a little more. The obstruction in front of my own line had to be removed, and removed silently, so as not to attract the attention of the federal pickets Grant’s obstructions had to be removed from in front of Fort Steadman. These obstructions were of sharpened rails, elevated to about breast high, the other end buried deeply in the ground, the rails resting on a horizontal pole and wrapped with telegraph wire. They could not be mounted nor pushed aside, but had to be cut away with axes. This had to be done immediately in front of the guns of Fort Steadman. These guns were at night doubled charged with canister, as I learned from federal prisoners. The rush across the intervening space between the lines had to be made so silently and swiftly as to take the fort before the gunnels could fire. The reserves had to be beaten or passed and the rear line of forts taken before daylight. All this had to be accomplished before my main forces could be moved across and place din position to move on Grant’s flank, or rather left wing. During the whole night of the 24th of March I was on horseback making preparations and disposing of troops. About four o’clock in the morning I called close around me the fifty axmen and four companies, one hundred each, of the brave men who were selected….. (REST OF ARTICLE IS PRETTY BADLY TORN)….hazardous work. I spoke-------the character of the undertaking-----the last hope of the cause, -------about to be confided to them-----the shoulders of each man was-----white strip of cloth which Mr. -------(who sat in a room not far dist------ing for the signal gun), had-------a means of recognition to each------ The hour had come and -----thing was read, I stood on-----works of Colquitt’s salient -----two men to my side with rifles----to fire the signal for attack. -----of moving our own obstruct-----going on and attracted the noti----federal picket. In the black -----his voice rang out: ‘Hello, there Johnny Reb, what are you making all that fuss about in there?’ The men were just leaning forward at the start, and his sudden call disconcerted me somewhat; but the rifleman on my right came to my assistance by calling out in a friendly cheerful voice: ‘Oh, never mind us, yank; lie down and go to sleep. We are just gathering a little corn – you know rations are mighty short over here.’ There was a patch of corn between our lines, some of it still hanging on the stalks. After a few moments there came back the kindly reply of the yankee picket, which quite reassured me. He said: ‘All right, Johnny, go ahead and get your corn. I won’t shoot at you.’ As I gave the command to forward, the man on my right seemed to have some compunctions of conscience for having stilled the suspicions of the yankee, who had answered him so kindly, and who the next moment might be surprised and killed, so he called to him: ‘Look out for yourself now, yank, we’re going to shell the woods.’ This exhibition of chivalry and of kindly feeling on both sides and at such a moment touched me almost as deeply as any minor incident of the war. I quickly ordered the two men to “fire.” “Bang! Bang!” the two shots broke the stillness and “forward, me” I commanded. The chosen hundred sprang forward eagerly, following the axmen and then, for the last time, the stars and bars were carried to aggressive assault. A SILENT BUT FATEFUL BATTLE In a moment the axmen were upon the abattis of the enemy and hewing it down. I shall never know how they pushed this line of wire-fastened obstructions out of the way. The one hundred overpowered the pickets, sent them to the rear, pushed through the gap made by the axmen up the slope of Fort Steadman and was ours without the firing of a single gun and with the loss of but one man. He was killed by a bayonet. The three companies who were to attempt to pass the reserves and go into the rear forts, followed and passed on through Fort Steadman; then came the other troops, passing into the fort. We captured, I think, nine pieces of artillery, eleven mortars and about six or seven hundred prisoners, among whom was General McLaughlin, who was commanding on that portion of the federal line. Many were taken in their beds. The prisoners were all sent across to our lines. The other troops of my command were brought to the fort. I now anxiously waited to learn the fate of the three hundred who had been sent in companies of one hundred each to attempt the capture of the rear forts. Soon a messenger reached me from the officers commending two of these chosen bodies, who informed me that they had succeeded in passing right through the line of federals and had certainly gone far enough in he rear for the forts, but that their guides had abandoned them or been lost, and that they did not know in what direction to move. It was afterwards discovered, when daylight came that these men had gone out further that the forts, and could have easily entered and captured them if the guides had not been lost or done their duty. Of course, after dawn they were nearly all captured, being entirely behind the federal reserves. In the meantime the few federal soldiers who had escaped from the fort and entrenchments we had captured, had spread the alarm and aroused the federal army. The hills in the rear of Grant’s lines were soon black with troops. By the time it was fairly day-break, the two forts on the main line, flanking Fort Steadman, the two forts in the rear and the reserves, all opened fire upon my forces. We held Fort Steadman and the federal entrenchment to the river, or nearly so. But the guides had been lost of consequence the rear forts had not been captured. Failing to secure these three forts the cavalry could not pass, the pontoons could not be destroyed, and the telegraph wires were not cut. In addition to these mishaps the trains had been delayed, and Pickett’s division and other troops sent me by General Lee had not arrived. The success had been brilliant so far as it had gone, and had been achieved without loss of any consequence to our army; but it had failed in the essentials to a complete success or to a great victory. Every hour was bringing heavy reinforcements to the federals, and rendering my position less and less tenable. After a brief correspondence with General Lee, it was decided to withdraw. My loss, whatever it was occurred in withdrawing under concentrated fire from forts and infantry. The fighting over the picket lines and main lines from this time to the surrender was too incessant to give me an opportunity to ascertain my loss. It was considerable; and although I had inflicted a heavy loss also upon the enemy, I felt, as my troops reentered Colquitt’s salient, that the last hazard had been thrown and that we had lost.”


A great many of our modern-----ladies resemble the lilies of the field – they toil not, neither do they spin! But they spend a pile of money and lay around the house and let their mothers do all the work. That’s the kind of hollyhocks they are! – [Norristown Herald.

Old Mrs. Cuir says she has always noticed that in summer time when it is not needed, the sun is as hot as an oven, while in winter, when the sun would be very agreeable, it is always as cold as an ice-house. We have noticed this too. It must be the fault of the almanac makers.

The farmer who has been “taking city boarders” to make his accounts balance for the year is surprised, just at the present time, to find that he has invested more for “extras” than all the board money comes to; besides the young ladies were such charming company the he entirely forgot to hoe his potato patch the second time and the corn will be a dead failure.

EUGENIE’S SOUVENIRS OF HER SON The poor empress writes a correspondent of the Boston Journal, in her melancholy seclusion of Camden House has the sympathy of everybody, including the ladies who are her old enemies, and who would not admit once upon a time that she was a good wife and mother. She received the Queen of England the other day in the famous blue boudoir, where she has collected all the souvenirs which must hereafter have only a tragical interest for her. There under a glass case she keeps the casts of the right hand of the emperor and the young prince, and there two hands are represented as holding the telegraph dispatch announcing the adoption of the law ordering the reconstruction of the column in the Place Vendome. There also on a dainty shelf is a little white satin rosette that the prince imperial wore on the day of his first communion. By a singular stroke of luck this tiny piece of ribbon was found intact in the midst of the ruins of the Tuileries, preserved in some miraculous manner from ever a single stain. And there, too, on a pedestal, and carefully shielded from harm, is a marble bust of the prince which was likewise uninjured by the fire. The grief of the ex-empress is overwhelming, and she wanders from room to room weeping the whole day long. As the bed chamber and the study of the emperor have been kept exactly as they were on the day of his death, so are the rooms of the young prince left precisely as he quitted them, never to return, and the beds of both the emperor and the prince are constantly covered with fresh violets. In the chamber of the emperor stands a large wardrobe which contains every object which Napoleon III took from the Tulleries when he went to the war that on the 4th of September, 1870, he would call his own, namely, his uniforms. What a comment on the insecurity of human greatness!



Dr. Bro. O. SUMMERS writes as follows from Nashville to the New Orleans Christian Advocate, and says the narrative is truthful in every point: “June 15, 1856, a beautiful church, named Watson’s Chapel, was dedicated in Greene County, Alabama. The congregation was very full, consisting largely of intelligent and wealthy people. A fine looking gentlemen occupied a chair in the aisle on the south side of the church whose manner was devout. The sermon was preached by the Rev. D. E. WADSWORTH, of the Alabama Conference, of the Southern Methodist Church. It was founded on John iv, 24. – While the preacher was strongly urging the doctrine of God’s omnipresence, the gentleman above mention sent forth a piercing and terrible yell, and fell to the floor in a fit. The congregation was frightened, and their consternation was uncontrollable for a considerable time. The man was carried out by kind persons, and recovered. June 17, 1877, twenty-one years and two days after the occurrence related above, the same preacher was preaching, from the same text, the commencement sermon of the Collegiate Institute in Greenville, Butler County, Ala. Among the hearers, seated next to the aisle, on the southern side of the church was one of the most respectable citizens of Greenville, whose attention was noticed by the preacher. When the doctor came to the same point in his discourse, and was showing that God is omnipresent, a piercing and terrible yell was uttered by the gentleman above mentioned, and he fell to the floor in a fit. He was carried out by four men, leaving the whole congregation in consternation. (HUGE CHUNK TORN OUT) the wonderful--------Wadsworth has-------pointed address------the idea of------if brought dis--------and pointedly-------it is no mar--------powered by the ------ght! That is-----amazing power------Take down----read it afresh------deliberately. Then-----version of it – in -----5, 10, 13, are this-----solemn and epigram----- ------oughts posses my breast, ------, where’er I rest, -------eaker passions dare -----for God is there!

----WELLS OF PRAIRIE DOGS ------some time ago the statement was-------the American Agriculture-------the authority of Mr. M. T. ------Nebraska, that the prairie----of the Western States dig -----“dog town” being pro----with one. This statement ---widely copied, but has----ied by some persons, and----thers by one of the pro----yale College. Recently---staff of the Agricultural----Mr. Leech in Wyoming, ----holds a responsible posi------the railroad employ.’ This----reiterates his original----and adds that if skep----comes to Sidney, Nebraska, ---all find convincing proof of---accuracy of what he says. -----There is a “town’ of twenty-five ---pet prairie dogs about -----ods from the track northwest----Railroad Hotel. The owner of the dogs will show the visitor-----well, and will inform him that the first move the dogs made, after locating there, was to dig for water. At a point on the Kansas and Pacific railroad, not far from Buffalo station, the workmen in sinking a tank reservoir some time ago struck one of these prairie dog wells and followed it to a depth of 200 feet. Mr. Leech’s statements were verified by Prof. Aughey, the well known geologist at the Nebraska State University, who had also discovered such wells while making geological explorations along the Logan River in Northern Nebraska.

HON. B. B. LEWIS The Tuskaloosa Times, referring to his elections, says: The Faculty and the friends of the institution hail with delight the election of Mr. Lewis, and there can be no question about the fact that he will be the most popular President that the University has had since the war. He is a distinguished alumnus of the College, and, besides, is a gentleman of ripe scholarship and splendid administrative capacity. We know that it was with great reluctance that he consented to give up his seat in Congress, and he would not have done so, had not his friends advised him that the Presidency of the University afforded him a larger field of usefulness in the interests of the rising generation. He made no effort to secure the election, but with dignified composure awaited the action of the Board of Trustees. He gives up a higher office and relinquishes a larger salary, when he accepts the Presidency of the University; which shows that this, as well as all of his other public acts, is in the best interests of his fellow citizens. We profess to have some knowledge of our public men, and we say, freely, that Mr. Lewis is one of the purest, ablest, safest, and most learned of all the distinguished citizens of West Alabama. The University will grow like magic under his wise and beneficent administration.

There was frost at Blount Springs, the 15th ult.


Mr. Alfred BATTLES and Miss Alabama COTTINGHAM, both living in Bibb County, eloped from Cox’s Camp Ground, and went to Columbiana, where they failed to get license to marry and went on to Georgia. The objections their parents had to the match was the close relationship of the parties – being first cousins. We trust these young people will end at as good a place as they started from.

Fort Payne Journal: We learn that Deputy Marshal HEWLETT, has been arresting more men at Brandon’s Station, about this tan bark matter. These officials are a pest to the country and we would like to know some legal means of getting rid of them.

Opelika Observer: Yesterday a woman of about 25 years of age was seen on our streets, whose appearance created considerable astonishment and curiosity, as she was veritably a spotted woman. Her whole face, neck, hands (and she says her entire body) are covered with large brown, white and cream-colored spots. The woman lived about four miles north of town and has been here several times.

The Commissioners Court of Greene County has ordered a double combination fire and burglar proof safe to put the money in after it is non est. Perhaps they expect to have more, some time or other.

A wonderful escape is related in Green County. The lint room of a gin house had caught fire and the house was in a light blaze, when a crowd of men who happened to be present rushed in and put the fire out.

A thief entered Mr. McKerall’s house in Eutaw last week and ransacked a trunk. The dread of the women and children now in Eutaw is something like it was when the country was full of hostile Indians.

North Alabamian: We learn that the children of Gen. JOSEPH WEELER are preparing an extra fine bale of cotton which will be sent to New York to be sold for the benefit of GENERAL HOOD’S orphans. Brass ties and heavy cotton duck has been ordered from Nashville to put it up with. This is a generous expression of sympathy, and just such an one as might have been expected from children whose father was as true and brave as theirs, and who was a friend and comrade of the gallant Hood.

Gadsden Times: Yesterday the pulpit of Clear Creek Church was filled by the REV. HURST, of the Christian Church, who preached a good sermon to the edification of all present. At the conclusion of the sermon he requested REV. ENOCH ELLIS to close the services for him. To the consternation and dismay of all present, the latter rose and said: “This is a free country. For my part I treat insignificance with indifference. So consider yourselves dismissed.” He then left the pulpit. Rev. Hurst was so mortified to be thus treated in a church that he actually shed tears. Now, we are all aware that this is not true religion, for all denominations preach one gospel and worship one God. It matters not to what denomination a man belongs so long as he does right. The affair has created quite a sensation in this neighborhood, and people are indignant to see how Mr. Hurst was treated in open church and during services.

Also: The owners of the graveyard lots commenced to disinter the remains of those buried on ---lots, on Monday last. Considerable curiosity was exhibited by the citizens to see what would be found in the graves. Many graves cannot be found, as the stock have trampled upon them so long. They are hard and lever as the original surface. In one grave, that of a lady who had been buried for thirty years, some of the bones were found, and the back of her skull. She has red hair, and it was almost as natural as when buried. The twist in which the hair was done just before shrouding, was perfectly natural. From the grave of a gentleman was taken the under jaw. The teeth were in as perfect state of preservation as the day they were buried. The gold filling in the teeth could be plainly seen. This body had been buried twenty-five years. The work still goes on. MR. PLUNKET is the contractor. Three store-houses will be erected at once on a portion of these lots.

A party of youths went coon hunting on the mountain at the head of Paint Rock Valley, and kindled a fire under an old tree and lay down and went to sleep. The tree fell, killed one of the party – a youth by the name of Smith – and injured two other young men. It is said that one of the party remarked before going to sleep that “the old tree might fall,” and Smith jokingly gave the predestinarian answer, “Whatever is to be, will be anyway.” [Scottsboro Herald.

PROF. TICE says that we are to have on the night of November 13th the most brilliant meteoric display ever seen since 1833, when to all intents and purposes the sky literally rained fire. The display for this year will not commence until about 1 o’clock in the morning, but the Professor says that the magnificence of the display will more than compensate for the inconvenience of the vigil.

Tuskegee Mail: never since freedom has there been in this section a better state of feeling between whites and blacks. The colored people have begun to realize that the laws will protect, as well as punish. Aloof for a period from the evil teaching of those who, for base and selfish ends, sought to impress them with the idea that freedom meant exemption from all restraint, and that laws were repugnant to liberty; they have learned to respect law, and rely on its authority. unmolested by outside influences they will soon be a prosperous, contented and settled people.

Troy Messenger: Mrs. Dr. J. P. ALLRED and her daughter Miss LIZZIE, while driving to town of Saturday last, were thrown from the buggy and severely hurt. The mule they were driving took fright on the Double Branch Hill and ran down the hill, overturning the buggy and throwing its occupants out. Both were insensible for some time. Miss Lizzie’s injuries proved not to be so severe as her mother’s, who sustained a fracture of her cheek bone and some very bad bruises about the head and shoulders. We are glad to say that although still confined to her bed she is improving.

Eutaw Mirror: Our faithful little printer’s devil, Bob Schoppert, had quite an accident to happen to him on Friday evening last. He was drawing water from the court house well, in which a chain and two buckets are used, when the chain broke and jerked him head foremost down the forty feet well into ten feet of water. He says his head found the bottom and that it took and unconscionable long time for him to make the distance there, and a longer one to get up where he could get air again. He braced himself, feet against one side and shoulders against the opposite wall, until a rope was sent down to him, which he caught and held on to until drawn out. Although only twelve years old, Bob is a very cool-headed little fellow, and could face any amount of danger without flinching. We are glad to say that he sustained but little damage, and was all O. K. in ten minutes after his involuntary plunge bath was over.

BURRIS & BRO. No. 49 Main Street Columbus, Miss. We have now in store a full stock of general merchandise which we offer for sale very low, for the cash. Thankful for the liberal patronage heretofore extended to us, we hope by selling our goods much lower than in the past to be able to add largely to our already numerous list of patrons. Call and see our mammoth stock.

SHELL & BURDINE, Wholesale and retail druggist’s, Aberdeen, Mississippi. Are daily receiving at their Drug Store a very large stock of fresh goods of all kinds usually kept in a first class drug house, and will sell at bottom prices, for cash. All we ask is to give us a trial and we guarantee you will not go away dissatisfied for we are determined to sell goods so low that it will astonish you.

JOHN D. MORGAN. Wholesale and retail dealer in dry goods, staple and fancy groceries, hardware, wooden ware, willow ware, crockery ware, and tin ware. Boots and shoes, hats and caps. Plantation supplies, etc. would announce to his friends and patrons of Lamar and Fayette Counties, that he has in store, and is daily receiving one of the largest and best selected stocks of goods in the city, and invites everybody to call before buying elsewhere and examine his immense stock. It is no trouble to show goods, and when you look, you will be sure to buy for he keeps none but first class goods, and will not be under sold by any home in the city. Columbus, Miss. July 11th, 1879. J. S. ROBERTSON is with the above house, and would be pleased to serve his many friends at anytime.

DR. J. D. RUSH, with ERVIN AND BILLUPS, successors to M. W. HATCH; dealers in drugs, medicines, whiskey, tobacco, cigars, &c. Corner Main and Market Street. Columbus, Mississippi.

NATHAN BROTHERS dealers in whiskies, brandies, wines, cigars, tobaccos and pipes. Our Motto: Quick Sales and Small Profits. Columbus, Mississippi.

The Vernon Clipper. A brand new paper. Published in Lamar County, Ala. For $1.50 per annum.



MR. GEO. W. RUSH will leave in a few days for Columbus, Miss., where he intends remaining during the winter, with the firm of M. GROSS & Co. All who visit Columbus would do well to call on Mr. RUSH, and examine the goods which he will exhibit with pleasure. Mr. RUUSH informs us that he can compete with any other house in the city as to quality of goods, styles, prices, etc. Give him a call and be convinced. See card elsewhere in this issue.

MR. GEO. S. EARNEST’S mother sister brother and MR. VEECH, of Oxmoor, Ala. have been spending a week or two with him and family. They left for home on Wednesday morning of this week.

MR. R. E. BRADLEY of Beaverton, called to see us last Saturday.

MR. H. B. PROPS, of Millport was in town on Saturday last, and called upon us. Come again friend Props.

Quite a number of friends and subscribers called to see us on Saturday of last week, and caused our financial status to loom up by paying for the CLIPPER. They have our thanks.

MR. W. T. MARLER, whose worth is known throughout this and adjacent counties, has secured a situation as salesman in the house of Street Bead & Snell, Columbus, Miss., and will leave on Monday to enter upon his work. This firm has done well in procuring the assistance of Mr. MARLER in their great mercantile emporium.

Young men who are “sowing wild oats,” as the world terms it, do you know that your own hand is ruthlessly destroying the brightest hopes of the future? Are you willing to go on in idleness and dissipation until you are incompetent to the enjoyment of pure home happiness? What parent would commit to your care his heart’s idol, when he knew that her hopes of happiness would, like the apples of Sodom, turn to ashes on her lips? Oh, guard your lives as something too noble to be fritted away. Be pure, and sober, and earnest, for life’s battles are not lightly won; and a steady nerve is needed, and calm reason, and right judgement, if shipwreck be not made of all worth treasuring up. – [Ex.

R. W. COBB has a fine lot of saddles and bridles which he is selling at a small advance above cost, for cash. Call and get supplied before they are all gone.

The new two-cent postal cards has made its appearance. It has two stamps – one at each end – and spaces for two messages. The sender occupies one of these and the return correspondent the other. It is expected that the cards will soon be in general circulation. [Adv.

To all whom it may concern, are hereby notified not to employ ANDREW BANKHEAD, (col) as he has not reached his majority. He has deserted his parental household without a cause, therefore all are warned against extending any favors in his behalf. CALEB BANKHEAD, (col)

If you want goods at a little above cost for cash, call on R. W. COBB, as he intends to sell his present stock off to make room for his new goods. Call soon if you want bargains.

On the 25th, J. J. AKENS, residing near Detroit, in this county, went out early in the morning coon hunting, about sun up. He cut a tree, which struck him senseless in which condition he died on the 29th ult. He leaves a wife to mourn his departure.

MISS AGGIE SUMMERS is spending this week at Columbus, among friends and relatives. We wish for her a pleasant visit.

Our little friend MISS RAMA LACY is on a visit to her grand mother and other relatives in the country. It seems that all our friends are about this week, pleasant time to you, RAMA.

“Grandmother” MARCHBANKS has spent a week or two in town among her children and many friends.

POEM – TWILIGHT – by REV. R. T. BENTLEY ‘Tis summer-eve; the twilight spreads Her dusky hues along the skies; The flowers gently droop their heads, As one by one the stars arise, Smiling from your arch of blue O’er the early fallen dew.

The lonely scene has changed. ‘Tis night! The eve has ceased her dews to weep, And “smiling stars” now shed their light In glory o’er the flowers asleep How lonely, pensive, and how sweet The hour when day and night doth meet.

Remember PROF. RICHARDSON will open school on Monday morning.

CHARLES BANKER was accidentally killed while going to his wedding at Bellafontaine, Ohio, and was subsequently buried in his bridegroom clothes.

W. O. RANDOLPH and W. W. CLOWER, of Pike County, had a bloody reencounter with knives recently, resulting in RANDOLPH’S nearly severing CLOWER’S head from his body. He died almost instantly.

MRS. JAMES BRYANT of Lowndes, donated last year her colossal fortune of natural black hair for the benefit of the Memphis Yellow Fever sufferers. It realized several hundred dollars, and has now come back to the original owner, by the kindness of a Boston merchant, who was the last purchaser. It will be raffled for in this city, in an evening or two, for the benefit of GEN. HOOD’S children. [Mont. Adv.

A little fire-year-old daughter of DR. PICKENS TAYLOR, of Georgia, was taken down with a spell of intermittent fever. It became necessary to administer quinine, which he did, in the form of small capsules. In order to induce her to take then he told her that they were ‘little humming-bird’ eggs, and were very nice.” When the quinine had taken effect, she told her father, with great glee, that the little birds had hatched and were singing in her head.

GEO. W. RUSH with N. GROSS & CO., Columbus, Miss. Wholesale and retail dealers in fancy dress, and staple dry goods & ready made clothing, boots, shoes, hats, notions, etc. Will be glad to see his old friends and all new ones who may be pleased to call upon him. No trouble to show goods, on the contrary, it will be a pleasure, whether you buy or not. Satisfaction guaranteed, as to articles bought and prices.

LAND OFFICE AT HUNTSVILLE, Alabama, Sept. 3d, 1879 Notice is hereby given that the following named settlers has filed notice of his intention to make final proof in support of his claim, and secure final entry thereof at the expiration of thirty days from this notice, viz: HENRY G. STANDFORD for the W ½ NW ¼ Sec 7 T 13 R 14 West and names the following as his witnesses, viz: KATIE HAWKINS, of Lamar County, and G. F. HAWKINS, of Lamar County. JNO. M. CROSS, Register

NEW EDITION. Webster’s Unabridged. 1328 pages, 3000 engravings. four pages colored plates. New added, a supplement of over 4600 new words and meaning, including such as have come into use during the past fifteen years – many of which have never before found a place in any English dictionary. Also added, a new Biographical Dictionary of over 9700 names of noted persons, ancient and modern, including many now living, giving name, pronunciation, nationality, profession and date of each. Get the latest. New edition contains a supplement of over 4600 new words and meaning. Each new word in supplement has been selected and defined with great care. With Biographical Dictionary, now added of over 9700 names of noted persons. Get the best. Edition of the best dictionary of the English Language ever published. Definitions have always been conceded to be better than in any other dictionary. Illustrations. 3,000, about three times as many of in any other dictionary. The dict’y recommended by State Sup’ts of 35 states, and 50 College Pres’ts. In schools – about 32,000 have been placed in public schools in the U. S. Only English Dictionary containing a biographical dictionary – this gives the name with pronunciation and date of over 9700 persons. Published by G. & C. Merriam, Springfield, Mo. Also Webster’s National Pictorial Dictionary. 1040 pages Octave, 600 Engravings.

SCHOOL NOTICE. The Trustees of the Vernon High School met on the 18th of September, and after electing M. V. WEBSTER to fill the vacancy caused by the death of JASON GUIN, selected PROF. J. T. RICHARDSON, of Columbus, Miss., as Teacher for the coming year. Rates of Tuition $1.50, $2.50 and $4.00 per month. J. D. MCCLUSKY M. W. MORTON ALEX COBB A. A. SUMMERS M. V. WEBSTER Trustees School will open on Monday, October 13, 1879.

The popular house of LOUIS ROY of Aberdeen, having bought an immense stock of Dry goods before the rise in prices, is offering to his numerous friends and customers goods ten percent cheaper than any house in Aberdeen.

BILL HAMILTON with ROY & BRO., wholesale and retail dealer in dry goods, notions, clothing, boots, shoes, hats, &c. Aberdeen, Miss. Highest price paid for cotton.

A WORD TO THE AFFLICTED The most miserable human being in the world is that person suffering with a shaking chill of a burning fever. The joys of life are but a misery to his mind, and he longs for a balm to go restore him to health. The cure is at hand for every sufferer. The greatest of all medicines. Cuban Chill Tonic the Great West Indies Fever and Ague Remedy cures Chills and Fever, billiousness, and liver complaint every time. It blots out disease, carries off malarial poison, and restores the sufferer to health, strength and happiness. Try Cuban Chill Tonic, the Great West Indies Fever and Ague Remedy, if you suffer with chills and fever, and be cured. Take no other medicine. Cuban Chill Tonic will cure you and give you health. Get a bottle from your druggist W. L. MORTON & Bro., and try it.

Mason & Hamlin Organs, Endorsed by over 100,000 delighted purchasers. Not lowest prices, poorest and dearest, but highest priced, best and cheapest. Cost but little more than inferior organs. Give five times the satisfaction. Last twice as long. Victors at all world’s exhibitions. Acknowledged best by all disinterested and competent musicians. Solid facts, indisputable, such as no other organ maker in the world can substantiate. Glorious news for purchasers. Grand Introduction sale. New Styles. New Prices. 6 Stops, Elegant case $80; Superb Mirror to case, 10 stops, only $100. 15 days trial. Freight paid both ways if organ don’t suit. Sold on easy terms. Rented until paid for. Delivered anywhere in the South for $4 extra. For full particulars, address Budden & Bates, Savannah, Ga., Managers, Wholesale Southern Depot, Prices same as at Factory.

Parker’s Santonine Worm Lozenges are the best of all worm medicine. Thousands of mothers, all over the land, give their children Parker’s Santonine Worm Lozenges. Try them, at W. L. MORTON & BRO.

As LOUIS ROY is selling more goods than any house in Aberdeen, he can on that account sell ten per cent cheaper than any other house in the place.

ARRIVAL AND DEPARTURE OF U. S. MAILS The Columbus Mail by way of Caledonia arrives Tuesday, Thursday, and Saturdays at 11 o’clock a.m. Leave same days at 1 p.m. FAYETTE MAIL Arrived on Wednesday and Saturday at 12 p.m. and leaves same days at 1 p.m. MOUNT CALM MAIL Leaves Wednesday at 7 a.m. arrives Thursday at 2 p.m. PIKEVILLE MAIL Arrives Fridays at 6 p.m., leaves Saturdays at 6 a.m. SCHEDULE OF MOBILE & OHIO R. R. Train leaves 6:30 am Train arrives 9:30 am Train leaves 3:20 pm Train arrives 6:30 pm Train goes through to Starkville on Mondays, Wednesdays, and Saturdays. Leaves Aberdeen going South at 4 o’clock p.m., returns at 8 p.m. Leaves Aberdeen going North at 7 o’clock a.m., return at 11 o’clock a.m.

MCQUISTON & HEISEN, Cotton Factors and Commission Merchants 96 & 98 Commerce St., Aberdeen, Miss. Farmers will make money by letting MCQUISSTON & HEISEN sell their cotton when they come to the city.

R. A. HONEA & SON, Wholesale and retail dealers in staple and fancy groceries, Aberdeen, Miss. We would respectfully inform our friends, and the public generally, that we are at our old Stand next door to J. W. ECKFORD & Bro. (Old Presbyterian Block) and have in store and will keep constantly on hand a large and well selected stock of staple and fancy groceries. Bagging and ties, corn, oats, wheat bran, &c., which we will sell at rock bottom figures for cash. R. F. RAY, of Detroit, Ala. is salesman.

TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION One copy one year $1.50 One copy six months $1.00 Rates of Advertising One inch, one insertion $1.00 One inch, each subsequent insertion .50 One inch, twelve months 10.00 One inch, six months 7.00 One inch, three months 5.00 Two inches, twelve months 15.00 Two inches, six months 10.00 Two inches, three months 7.00 Quarter Column 12 months 35.00 Half Column 12 months 60.00 One Column, 12 months 100.00 One Column, 3 months 35.00 One Column, 6 months 60.00 Professional Cards $10.00 Special advertisements in local columns will be charged double rates. Advertisements collectable after first insertion. Local notices 10 cents per line. Obituaries, tributes of respect, etc. making over ten lines, charged advertising rates.

LAMAR DIRECTORY County Court – Meets on the 1st Monday in each month. Probate Court - Meets on 2nd Monday in each month. Commissioner’s Court – Meets on the 2nd Monday in February, April, July, and November.


COUNTY OFFICERS ALEXANDER COBB – Judge of Probate D. J. LACY, Sheriff and Tax Collector W. G. MIDDLETON, Circuit Clerk JAMES M. MORTON, Register in Chancery D. V. LAWRENCE, Treasurer J. E. PENNINGTON, Tax Assessor W. T. MARLER, Coroner


Masonic: Vernon, Lodge No. 389, meets on the 1st Saturday of each month, at 7 p.m.

PROFESSIONAL CARDS. FRANCIS JUSTICE, Attorney at Law and Solicitor in Chancery, Pikeville, Marion Co., Alabama Will practice in all the Courts of the 3rd Judicial District.

SAMUEL J. SHIELDS, Attorney at Law and Solicitor in Chancery, Vernon, Ala., Will practice in the counties of Lamar, Fayette, Marion, and the Courts of the 3rd Judicial District.

JNO. D. MCCLUSKY, Attorney at Law and Solicitor in Chancery, Vernon, Ala. Will practice in the counties of Lamar, Fayette, Marion, and the Courts of the 3rd Judicial Circuit. Special attention given to the collection of claims, and matters of administration.

EARNEST & EARNEST. W. S. EARNEST GEO. S. EARNEST. Attorneys at Law and Solicitors in Chancery, Birmingham & Vernon, Ala. Will practice in the Counties of this Judicial Circuit.

NESMITH & SANFORD. T. B. NESMITH, Vernon, Ala. JOHN B. SANFORD, Fayette C. H. Attorneys at Law. Partners in the Civil practice in the counties of Fayette and Lamar. Will practice separately in the adjoining counties. THOS. B. NESMITH. Solicitor for the 3rd Judicial Circuit. Vernon, Lamar Co., Ala.

M. W. MORTON. W. L. MORTON. DR. W. L. MORTON & BRO., Physicians & Surgeons. Vernon, Lamar Co, Ala. Tender their professional services to the citizens of Lamar and adjacent country. Thankful for patronage heretofore extended, we hope to merit a respectable share in the future. Drug Store.

DR. G. C. BURNS, Vernon, Ala. Offers his professional services to the citizens of Vernon and vicinity.

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ALEXANDER COBB & SON, Dealers in ready made clothing, dress goods, jeans, domestics, calicoes, silks, satins, millinery, embroidery, notice, &c. Hats, caps, boots, shoes, saddles, bridles, leather, &c. Tin, wooden, Hard and glass wares, crockery, &c. Salt, flour, meal, bacon, lard, soda, coffee, molasses, &c. Snuff and tobacco. Irish potatoes. Parties owing us will please come forward and settle up their accounts. Any of our friends who have traded with us liberally in the past can get any of the above mentioned goods at LOW prices for cash. We return thanks to our friends for the liberal patronage they have given us and hope they will continue the same.

BUTTAHATCHIE MALE AND FEMALE SEMINARY Monroe County, Miss. (nine miles west of Moscow, Ala.) The first session of this Institution will open on the 3rd Monday in June 1879, and continue 4 scholastic months. Board, including washing, lights, etc. from $1.50 to $5 per month. Tuition $1.50 to $2.00, $2.50 and $2.75 per month of 20 days. For particulars address the Principal. B. H. WILDERSON. Moscow, Lamar Co., Ala.

The American Centennial Cement. One of the most perfect and absolutely the best cement ever offered the public, is now being manufactured by A. A. SUMMERS and W. T. MARLER of this place, and for sale in every store in town. The Greatest Invention of the Age. No carpenter, farmer, blacksmith, printer, merchant, or other person who does anything at all, or has it done, can afford to do without this wonderful invention; it is convenient for its utility in every walk of life. Nothing will compare with it in mending broken Glass ware, crockery, china, wood, leather, ivory, shells, bone, and in fact every thing coming in contact with it, is firmly and imperceptibly sealed inseparably. We desire to place a bottle in the house of every family in the country. Will sell as wholesale or retail rates. For terms apply to A. A. SUMMERS, W. T. MARLER, Vernon, Alabama.

Bring your job printing to the CLIPPER. We print all kinds of blanks, deeds, mortgages, law briefs, cards, tags, circulars, bill heads, letter heads, note heads, statements, poster work. We propose to do all kinds of job printing as neat and as cheap as any city, either North or South, and our work is equal to any. When you want any kind of job printing done, please don’t fail to examine our specimens before going elsewhere. Blank Waive Notes for sale at this Office.



IN ALL LABOR THERE IS PROFIT. – by Charlotte Elliott in Frazier’s Magazine We tread the grapes, but shall not drink the wine. All through the hazy hours of Autumn hear The red juice foams around our weary feet, Our garments blush with many a purple sign; But for us, who trained the meager vine To fruitful strength, this vintage shall be sweet We shall not join the banqueters who meet When these rich drops through glowing crystal shine, Nor for our lips the draught our hands prepare; But when slow time has ripened it, and when Its mellow warmth makes glad the hearts of men, May we, the husbandmen, in spirit share The feaster’s joy, which we with painful care Laid up for them in years before their ken.

THE COTTON CATERPILLAR. The cotton caterpillar (anonis xylince) so much dreaded by the planter, is greener doubled striped, with black on the back, grows from an inch and a half to two inches in length, has sixteen legs, the foremost prop legs are shorter than the rest, and they crook their backs in creeping. They have six pectoral, eight ventral, and two anal feet. (Barbee) This army worm in peculiar to the cotton plant, and found only as far as it is cultivated. It is transformed into an imperfect cocoon, from whence issues an olive-brown moth, called noctua xylina, by Mr. Say. The wings of this fly has a grayish cast, the upper wings being a little reddish, with a dark spot and a small white center in each. They are found in the daytime resting on walls and ceilings of rooms, where they remain motionless until night approaches, when they fly off to the cotton fields, where they deposit their eggs, principally on the under side of the leaves, but often on the outer calyx. rarely upon the stem. The eggs are very small, round, and flat, and appear ribbed under the microscope. It takes from fourteen to twenty days for them to hatch out, depending, no doubt, much on the state of the weather. When hatched, the young caterpillars begin at once to feed on the soft fleshy parts of the leaves; and it is very noticeable that they ear up the young stalks first, if there are any, and avoid the ridges in time of drought, taking the valleys and moist spots where the plants are full of sap, and in a growing state. For the same reason they avoid fertilized crops, and parts of crops which have been stimulated to an earlier and more matured growth. When, however, their number increase and as they grow older, they attack the riper stalks, and even stems and young bolls, leaving but little besides the bare stalk. After finishing one field, they instinctually march to the next one adjacent, never mistaking their course. Hence they have been called the cotton army worm. Mr. William Jones, of the Southern Cultivator, is of the opinion that the reason why they trouble the northern cotton belt so little, is owing to the fact that when they hatch out early in the spring, they are killed off by subsequent spells of cold weather, which do not occur further south. hence, they follow very cold and sharply defined winters, as that of 1872 and 1873, in this region, which was the second year in which they ever made any considerable depredations in the upper cotton belt. They moult several times before their full growth, lying in a quiescent state for a day or two, and coming out, leaving their old skins behind, to attack with fresh vigor the remaining leaves of their favorite plant. The caterpillars of second and third generations are much darker than the first. They cease to feed in fifteen or twenty days, and begin to form a loosely spun cocoon, doubling down the leaf over them, assuming the chrysalis state, which remains about fifteen days more before the moth appears. This, however, may be delayed by cold spells, the one before winter sets in, remaining till the succeeding spring. The damage done to the planting interest by this insignificant worm some seasons is truly astounding. Professor Wily, of St. Louis, estimated the loss in a single fortnight of 1878, at $20,000,000. It generally begins its ravages in the southwestern states as early as the latter part of July, and continues there until frost. Within this time several generations make their appearance, each succeeding one increasingly largely in numbers. Various remedies for this formidable enemy of the cotton plant have been suggested. The most effective seems to be the Paris green, which contains varied proportions of arsenious acid, and on this account should be used very cautiously. Mixed, however, with about thirty parts of flour or lard plaster, and put in a tin box with a fine five attached, the box fixed to a stick of several feet in length; and held in the left hand over the cotton row, the operator can walk as fast as he chooses, and with repeated tape with a stick in his right hand on the box, go over a number of acres in one day. A very small dusting will suffice; thirty pounds of the mixture at a cost of 25 cents will answer for several acres. With this remedy applied on the first generation, it would seem that planters have their enemy very much in their own hands.

HOUSEHOLD HINTS. THE TABLE. A spoonful of stewed tomatoes in the gravy of either roasted or fried meats is an improvement.

OATMEAL CAKE: To a pint of meal add enough water to make it stir like pancake batter, season with a little salt and bake in a shallow pan for 20 minutes in a hot oven.

OATMEAL PUFFS: To a quart of sweet milk allow 3 well beaten eggs, 2 ½ teacups of German flour and a little salt; beat all thoroughly together and bake in hot gem irons.

STUFFED TOMATOES: Cut in halves and hollow out in center; take whatever cold meat you have, chop with onion, some herbs, crumbs of bread, and add to it 2 yolks of eggs; fill up your tomatoes and put in a buttered pan; let them bake slowly.

EFFERVESCING LEMONADE: Put into each bottle two drachmas of sugar, two drops of essence of lemon, one-half drachma bicarbonate of potash, and water to fill the bottle; then drop in thirty-five grains of citric or tartaric acid in crystals, and cork immediately, tying the cork and placing the bottle in a cool place or in iced water.

PEACH PRESERVES: To every pound of peaches that have had the stones and peeling removed, add three-fourths pound load sugar, and let them remain over night. The next morning pour off the syrup that has been formed, and let it cook for an hour; then put the peaches in, cook until the fruit is thoroughly done, but not cooked to pieces; put in an airtight jar and it if ready for use at any time.

MUFFINS: Beat 1 teacup of butter and 1 of sugar to a stiff cream; beat 4 eggs very light – yolks and whites separately – and beat them into the sugar and butter until quite light. To 4 quarts of flour put a half teaspoonful of salt. Pour into the middle of the flour a cup of good home-made yeast, or whatever yeast you are accustomed to use – as much as you usually take for 4 quarts of flour’ then stir in the sugar, butter, and eggs, with 2 quarts of sweet milk. Let it rise over night, and bake in well buttered muffin-risers in the morning.

FIG PRESERVES: Pick the figs half ripe with the stems on, weigh them, then put them in a tub of alum water made moderately strong; after being in alum water about half an hour remove them; put them in the preserving kettle and pour cold water in enough to cover the fruit; let it come almost to a boil, the take the fruit out, put it in a large dish or water in the sun and tip it up so as to drain all the water off; make a syrup by taking as many pounds of white loaf sugar as there are of figs, and add a pint of water for each pound of sugar; let the syrup boil until of the consistency of honey, then add the figs. It takes them about four hours to cook; about an hour before removing from the kettle add lemon or green ginger, whichever is preferred for flavoring.

SOFT GINGER BREAD: Put 1 teaspoon of salt into 2 quarts of flour, and 1 teaspoon quite full of soda; then sift them with the flour together. Beat 1 cup of butter to a cream, and then beat to it 1 cup of fine brown sugar, 2 teaspoonfuls of ginger. Pour this, when well beaten to the butter, into the middle of the flour. Stir 1 full cup of sour milk to the same quantity of molasses; when well combines, pour this into the flour, and mix as quickly as possible to a soft dough. Have on hand more sour milk, to be poured in quickly if the molasses and milk do not make it soft enough. Spread the dough on a tin sheet, or drop into gem-pans, or patty-pans; set into a baking pan; sprinkle fine brown sugar over the tope, and bake crisp, taking care not to scorch it.

A NICE WAY TO COOK CRUSHED WHEAT: Put two teacups of crushed wheat to 4 cups of boiling water. Stir it till all the lumps disappear, then put it into a steamer, or double boiler, or farina kettle. It can be cooked so as to be palatable in 30 minutes, but is much nicer cooked 3 or 4 hours, and in a steamer or double boiler it can be cooked that long without burning; but if simply boiled it cannot cook to perfection without drying on the kettle, occasioning much waste. Crushed wheat, if steamed, may be cooked in milk instead of water, and be improved. Serve warm or cold, and eat with sugar and cream. After it becomes cold it may be rewarmed in a steamer; but never break it up. It is not nice fried, but it may be cut in slices and put into a quick oven till brown.

MISCELLANEOUS: You can get a bottle or barrel of oil off any carpet or woolen stuff by applying dry buckwheat plentifully and faithfully. Never put water to such a grease spot, or liquid of any kind.

TO RENOVATE BLACK GRENADINE: Take strong cold coffee, strain it, and wring the grenadine out of it, quite tightly, after which shake out and fold up. Iron with a moderate hot iron, over a piece of black material.

STAINS FROM DRESSES: Stains from fabrics may be removed by moistening the spot with a solution of epsom salts in a few drops of hot water. Rub it in well the first time, and then moisten again. Next, fill a tin vessel with boiling water, and set on the stained place for a few minutes, and afterwards wash out in soft water. It is advisable to have articles thus treated washed immediately.

ELEPHANTS AS SWIMMERS. – from New York Sun There has been much talk lately with reference to the utilization of the Indian elephant in Africa and as an experiment, the King of the Belgians went to the expense of getting two makes and two females brought from the government of Bombay. These, with six mahouts and a sergeant, reached the African coast at Massani Bay on May 29. The nearest favorable point of the coast to which the vessel could approach was 800 yards off, and it was resolved to attempt to make the elephants swim this distance. The first elephant to be disembarked was surrounded with ropes, to which clung two mahouts. At the moment of immersion the two mahouts, clinging to the back of the animal, cut the ropes around the elephant, which thus found itself at liberty in the water. The operation now became particularly interesting. Almost torpid by a month’s sojourn at the bottom of the hold, and surprised at finding itself suddenly plunged into the water, the poor elephant quite confused, did not understand the orders of the mahout, and not knowing where to turn, remained motionless. The mahouts roused it up with their pikes, while it was forced to run from the ship by means of a rope attached to a boat. The poor animal turned twice to the ship as if seeking for its companions from which it had been so suddenly separated. At last, after some effort, they succeeded in getting it away from the ship; the sight of the shore seemed to put life into it. It immediately began to swim toward the coast with raised trunk, and leaving behind it a broad wake. It rapidly covered the 800 years, and on reaching terra firma began to run, shout joyously, to the great astonishment of the natives, who watched the first tame elephant tread the soil of Zanzibar. The others were disembarked next day, the ship in the meantime having been able to approach to within about one hundred yards of the coast.


COMPRESSED FLOUR We are now told that flour subjected to hydraulic pressure of 800 tons can be reduced in volume more than 25 percent and yet retain all the qualities it had previously to such treatment. Some of the flour was put into hermetically tight tins. At the same time other flour manufactured from the same wheat, but not compressed, was also sealed up. After three months samples of both kinds were opened and examined. The pressed was pronounced to be the best. Twelve months after this another examination was made with the same results. The two kinds were kneaded into laves and baked. The pressed flour made the best bread. In another year after the boxes were again opened and examined and while the loose flour showed mildness, the pressed was sweet and retained all its qualities. Made into bread the same difference was observable.

PROPOGATION OF ROCK FISH The successful hatching of rock fish, or striped bass, as they are called, has been accomplished. Hitherto the spawning time of this fish was not known. The credit is due to Major T. B. Ferguson of the United States Fish Commission. The young fish as the product of three ripe striped bass, form whom two bushels of eggs, estimated at three millions in number, were taken and impregnated, but for want of proper treatment the result has not been so prolific as it might be. Mr. Hamlin, of Baltimore, has also hatched the first smelt, and last year five hundred thousand herrings were hatched at Avoca on Albemarle Sound. The eggs of the ripe rock fish are green, opaque and smaller than the shad. After impregnation they become 50 percent larger than shad eggs, and their specific gravity lightened. In water at the temperature in which sad eggs will hatch in four or five days, rockfish eggs will hatch in thirty-six to forty-eight hours.

THE GOAT-SUCKER Ever since the time of Aristotle, the belief has been held that a harmless bird called the goat-sucker (caprimulgue) actually sucked the milk from goats and cows. Mr. A. R. WALLACE at length exposes the fallacy, thanks to the observation of MR. CHALES WATERTON. The fact that the birds fly to the udders of cows is confirmed, but at the same time it was found that these innocent little birds when they jumped up at them were merely catching flies and insects that settle there. Mr. Waterton says that in the moonlight he saw the caprimulugs jumping up every now and again to the bellies of the cows, sheep, and goats, but approaching nearer. “See how the nocturnal flies are tormenting the herd, and with what dexterity he springs up and catches them as fast as they alight on the animals. Observe how quiet the cattle stand, and how sensible they seem of the good offices, for they never strike or hit him with their tails, nor tread on him, or try to drive him away as an uncivil intruder.”

Printers, as a class, are innocent, unsophisticated men. “Do any of you gentlemen know anything about gambling?” asked the editor of the Oshkosh Christian Advocate of his compositors the other day, when a cemetery stillness reigned throughout the office. And then the crafty editor cried out “First ball, 27.” and sixteen printers laid down their sticks, and inquired how much there was in the pot.

Captain De Long, to the Jeanette crew: “Whatever may happen, gentlemen, I trust you will keep cool.”

The Products of Indigestion. Inability of the stomach to act upon the food is productive of serious and speedy mischief to the entire bodily economy. The circulation languishes and grows poor; leanness, pallor, and a loss of muscular and organic power supervene; but, worse than this, the functions associated with and dependent upon digestion, such as evacuation and the secretion of bile, grow irregular, and the organs whose business it is to discharge those functions become badly disordered, this disastrous state of things is more readily and thoroughly rectified with Hostelttler’s Stomach Bitters than any known medicinal agent. The stomach being invigorated, the life giving principles of the blood are increase, the system properly nourished, leanness, and debility overcome, and the bowels and liver thoroughly and promptly regulated.

Gaps made in the flesh by abscesses and ulcers speedily disappear without leaving a scar, when Henry’s Carbolic Salve is the agent employed to heal them. This standard article cures the worst sores, eradicates cutaneous eruptions, relieves the pain of burns, banishes pimples and blotches from the skin and has proved to be eminently successful in remedying rheumatism and soreness of the throat and chest. Sold by all druggist.

The reason why medical practitioners do not hesitate to prescribe Dr. F. Wilhoft’s Anti-Periodic or Fever and Ague Tonic is as follows: Messrs. Wheelock, Finlay & Co., of New Orleans, its proprietors, have published its composition, and physicians have approved it because it contains no dangerous drug, and because it invariably proves successful. It is for sale by all druggists.

$1,375.87 Profits in 30 Days. What $10 has done in Wall Street by legitimate stock speculations. Pamphlets containing two unerring rules for success mailed free upon application. Address A. Simpson & Co., 49 Exchange Place, New York

A cough, cold, or sore throat, requires immediate attention, as neglect oftentimes results in some incurable lung disease. “Brown’s Bronchial Troches” will almost invariably give relief. 25 cents a box.

If you are satisfied to have a poor organ, or run the risk of having a poor one, take any organ that is offered you. But if you desire to be sure of having the very best, insist on having a Mason & Hamlin, and do not be persuaded to take any other.

Chew Jackson’s Best Sweet Navy Tobacco

C. Gilbert makes only pure staches.

$3300 a year. How to make it. New Agents goods. Coe & Yonge, St. Louis, Mo.

The new Elastic Truss has a pad differing from all others, is cup shaped, with self-adjusting ball in center, adapts itself to all positions of the body, while the ball to the cup presses back the intestines just as a person would with the finger. With light pressure the hernia is held securely day and night, and a radical cure certain. It is easy, durable and cheap. Sent by mail. Circulars free. Eggleston Truss Co., Chicago, Ill.

The Estey Organ is the Best the world over. Manufactory Brattleboro, Va.

Wm. H. Burgess, Rich Square, N. C. Inventor and Manufacturer of the Roanoke Cotton Press, Chieftain Press, Chain Lever Press and others. Some very cheap. Hoisting pullers, &C. Also a new process of making wells any depth in from one to three hours time. There is money in it. Circulars free.

The Smith Organ Co. First Established! Most successful! Their instruments have a standard value in all the leading markets of the world! Everywhere recognized as the finest in tone. Over 80,000 made and in use. New Designs constantly. Best work and lowest prices. Send for a catalogue. Tremont St., opp. Waltham St. Boston, Mass

Any one unable to read music or unskilled in organ playing may produce from the organ not only the part they sing, but all the other parts, but the use of the self-organist. With this new invention, easily attached to the key-board of any organ, a little boy or girl, knowing a tune, can play as well as a music teacher. Adapted to families, Sunday Schools, and lodge meetings. Address for circular and terms. The Self-Organist Mr’g Co., Brattleboro, Va.

Hunts Remedy the Great kidney medicine. A positive remedy for Dropsy and all diseases of the kidneys, bladder, and urinary, organs, Hunt’s remedy is purely vegetable and prepared expressly for the above diseases. It has cured thousands. Every bottle warranted. Send to W. E. Clarke, Providence, R. I. for illustrated pamphlet. If your druggist don’t have it, he will order it for you.

Don’t talk about hard times when any man or woman can make $5 a day getting subscribers for the N. Y. Weekly Messenger. This paper (established 1842) is a large, eight-page sheet, forty-eight columns, no advertisements. It is a pure family paper with choice reading and fine pictures. Price One dollar a year. Special terms now, giving presents of silver-plated spoons, fine pen knives, and pocket-books and a 100 other articles to subscribers. Agents are paid inn cash. Sample copies free to any address, with all information. Weekly Messenger. 18 Ann Street, new York.

Agents wanted for a live book that sells fast. Chance for all to make money ”Life of Buffalo Bill” The famous Scout, guide, hunter, and actor – written by himself – is the liveliest and easiest book to sell that has appeared for years. Agents already at work are making big sales. Send at once and secure territory. For circulators and liberal terms, apply to Frank E. Bliss, Hartford, Conn.

Saponifier is the old reliable concentrated lye for family soap making. Directions accompanying each can for making hard, soft, and toilet soap quickly. It is full weight and strength. The market is flooded with (so-called) concentrated lye, which is adulterated with salt and resin, and won’t make soap. Save money and buy the Saponifiers mad e by the Pennsylvania Salt Manufacturing.---Philadelphia, Pa.

Pure teas. Agents wanted everywhere To sell to families, hotels, and large consumers. Largest stock in the country; quality and terms the best. Country store keeper should call or with the Wells Tea Company. 201 Fulton St. N Y PO Box 4560.

Ridge’s Food for Infants and Invalids. Has found its way into high places the world over and Medical Journals and physicians give it their approval. Woolrich & Co., on every label.

Military and Band uniforms – Officer’s Equipment, caps, etc made by M. C. Lilley & Co., Columbus, Ohio. Send for Price Lists. Firemen’s Caps, belts, and shirts.

South-Western Presbyterian University. Clarksville, Tenn. Rev. J. M. Waddell, D. D. L. L. D., Chancellor. Tuition $50 a year. Board $3 a week. Session 1879-80, Opens Sept. 1, 1879.

Do not begin your singing classes before examining L. O. Emerson’s new book, THE VOICE OF WORSHIP. While containing a large and valuable collection of Church Music in the form of tunes and anthems, it is perfectly fitted for the singing school and convention by the large number of songs, duets, glees, &c. and it well made elementary course. Price, $9.00 per dozen. Specimen copies mailed for $1.00 Send for circulars and catalogues, with full list of standard singing school books. The new 50 cts edition of Pinafore, (complete) sells finely and fantaic $3.00 Sorcerers $1.00 trial by Jury 50 cts. Are in constant demand. Emerson’s Vocal Melody by L. O. Emerson $1.50 is a valuable new book for voice training , containing all the essentials of study, plenty of exercises, and plain explanation, and costing much less than the large works on the same subject. Subscribe now for the Musical Record and receive weekly all the news, and plenty of good music, for $2.00 per year. In Press., White Robes, a charming new Sunday School Song Book. Oliver Ditson, & Co., Boston.

Tarrant’s Seltzet Aperient. There are probably a majority of the human race suffering from kidney complaints. They show themselves in almost protean shapes, but always to the injury of the patient. They cause indescribable agony. The experience of thirty years show that the best remedy for this class of diseases is Tarrants’ Seltzer Aperient. Its properties are diuretic, which are specially adapted for such cures. Sold by all druggists.

Seth Thomas Clocks for Towers, offices, houses, ships, &c., Strong accurate and durable. Prices from $2 to $6,000. 20 Murray St. New York and Thomaston, Ct.

Mustang Survival of the Fittest. A family medicine that has healed millions during 35 years. Mexican Mustang liniment. A balm for every wound of man and beast. The oldest and best liniment ever made in America. Sales larger than ever. The Mexican Mustang Liniment has been known for more than thirty-five years as the best of all liniments, for man and beast. Its sales today are larger than ever. It cures when all other fails, and penetrates skin, tendon and muscle, to the very bone. Sold everywhere.

New Home Sewing Machine. Best in the World. Agents wanted everywhere. Address Johnson, Clark & Co. 30 Union Square. New York.

The Weekly Sun. A large, eight page paper, of 56 broad columns, will be sent postpaid to any address until January 1st, 1860 for half a dollar. Address The Sun, N. Y. City

Perpetual Sorghum Evaporator. $15, $20, $25 Cheap and durable. Send for circulars, address the only manufacturers, Chapman & Co., Madison, Ind.

$777 a year and expenses to agents. Outfit free Address P. O. Vickery, Augusta, Me.

$77 a month and expenses guaranteed to agents. Outfit free. Shaw & Co., Augustua, Me.

Cure for Tender Feet, Undue Perspiration, chafing, and soft corns. By mail, 25 cts., Chas. Mitzenius, POB 526, NYC

Pocket Dictionary, 30,000 words and Dr. Foote’ Health Monthly, one year, 50 c Murray Hill Publ. Co., 129 E. 28th St. N. Y.

Send to F. G. Rich & Co., Portland, Maine, for best agency business in the world. Expensive outfit free.

Young men learn telegraphy and earn $40 to $100 a month. Every graduate guaranteed a paying situation. Address R. Valentine, Man Janesville, Wis.

Maplewood Institute for young ladies, Pittsfield, Mass. Location unrivaled. Collegiate and college preparatory courses. Revs. C. V. Spear & R. E. Avery, Prin.

Big pay with stencil outfits. What costs 4 cents sells rapidly for 50 cts. Catalogue free. S. M. Spencer, 112 Wash’n St. Boston, Mass.

Opium habit and skin diseases. Thousands cured. Lowest prices. Do not fail to write. Dr. F. E. Marsh, Quincy, Mich.

$350 a month – Agents wanted. 36 best selling articles in the world. One sample free. Address Jay Bronson. Detroit, Mich

Kidder’s Pastilles. Sure relief. Asthma. Price 40 cents by mail. Stowell & Co., Charlestown, Mass.

Agents – Read this. We will pay agents a salary of $100 a month and expenses, or allow a large commission, to sell our new and wonderful inventions. We mean what we say. Samples free. Address Sherman & Co., Marshall, Mich.

$1050 profits on 30 days investment of $100 in Western Union, June 7 Proportional returns every week on stock options of $20, $50, $100, $500. Official reports and circulars free. Address T. Potterwight & Co., Bankers, 35 Wall St.. N. Y.

Truth is mighty. Professor Martinez, the great Spanish See and Wizard, will for 30 cents with your ages, height, color of eyes and lock of hair, send to you a current picture of your future husband or wife, initials of real names, the time and place where you will first meet, and the date of marriage. Address Prof Martinez 4 Provision St. Boston, Mass. This is no humbug.

Mason & Hamlin Cabinet Organs. Demonstrated best by highest honors at all world’s expositions for twelve years viz: at Paris 1867; Vienna, 1873; Santiago 1875; Philadelphia 1876; Paris 1878; and Grand Swedish Gold Medal 1878. Only American Organs are awarded highest honors at any such. sold for cash or installments. Illustrated Catalogues and circulars with new styles and prices, sent free. Mason & Hamlin Organ Co., Boston, New York, or Chicago. Teas! Ahead all the time. The very best goods direct from the importers at half the usual cost. Best plan ever offered to Club Agents and large buyers. All express charges paid. New terms free. The Great American Tea Company. 21 and 33 Vesey Street, New York. PO Box 4235

Warner Bro’s Corsets received the highest medal at the recent Paris exposition over all American competitors. The flexible hip corset (120 bones) is warranted not to break down over the hips. Price $1.35. The improved health corset is made with the Tampico Bust, which is soft and flexible and contains no bones. Price by mail, $1.50. For sale by all leading merchants. Warner Bros., 351 Broadway, N. Y.

This claim-house established 1865. Pensions. New law. Thousands of soldiers and heirs entitled. Pensions date back to discharge or death. Time limited. Address with stamp. George E. Lemon P. O. Drawer 325 Washington, D. C.

Agents wanted for the Pictorial History of the World. It contains 672 fine historical engravings and 1260 large double-column pages, and is the most complete history of the world ever published. It sales at sight. Send for specimen pages and extra terms to agents, and see why it sells faster than any other book. Address. National Publishing Co., St. Louis, M

$1000 reward for any case of bleeding, blind, itching or ulcerated piles that DeRing’s Pile Remedy fails to cure. Gives immediate relief, cures cases of long standing in 1 week, and ordinary cases in 2 days. Caution. None genuine unless yellow wrapper has printed on it in black a pile of stones and Dr. J. P. Miller’s signature, Phila. $1 a bottle. Sold by all druggists. Sent by mail by J. P. Miller, M. D., Propr., S. W. cor Tenth and Arch Strs. Phila, Pa.

Moller’s Norwegian Cod Liver Oil is perfectly pure. Pronounced the best by ----the medical authorities in the world. Given the----- award at 12 world’s exposition, and at ----Sold by druggists. W. H. Schleffelin & C-----

Cured free! An infallible and unexcelled remedy for Epilepsy or falling sickness, warranted to effect a speedy and permanent cure. “A Free Bottle” of my renowned specific and a valuable treatise sent to any sufferer sending me his post office and express address. Dr. H. G. Root, 163 Pearl St. New York

Upham’s Freckle, tan and pimple bannisher. A few applications of this preparation will remove freckles, tan, sunburn, pimples or blotches on the face, and render the complexion clear and fair. For softening and beautifying the skin it has no equal. Price 50 cents. Sent by mail, post paid for 75 cents. Address John F. Henry, Curran & Co., 24 College Place, New York.

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