Timeline of Significant Events Affecting the Development of Etowah County
|1702||Mobile area by French explorers and served as the capital of French Louisiana for 16 years|
|1763||Mobile and the Gulf area of Florida became a British colony. Control of Mobile and British West Florida changed hands several times between 1780 and the War of 1812.|
|1798||Alabama became a part of the Mississippi Territory after Indian cessions in north Alabama.|
|1802||Georgia formally cedes western claims for its southern boundary at the 31st parallel|
|1805-1806||Indian cessions opened up to white settlement large portions of western (Choctaw) and northern (Chickasaw and Cherokee) Alabama.|
|1810||First settlers in the present-day Etowah county area|
|1813-1814||Creek Indian War|
Treaty of Fort Jackson signed at Fort Toulouse. Creek Indians forced to cede lands to U.S. comprising nearly half of the state. U.S. represented by General Andrew Jackson.
Migration increased following the end of the Creek War
|1817||Alabama Territory created, with temporary capital at St. Stephens, when Mississippi becomes a state.|
|1819||December 14. Alabama enters the Union as the 22nd state.|
|1825||First house in the present-day Etowah county area|
1830 Federal Census
Free black population=1,572
|1835||First post office in the present-day Etowah County area.|
|1838||Trail of Tears, Cherokee Nation|
|1840||Massive influx of settlers into the present-day Etowah county area.
1840 Federal Census
|1845||First church in the present-day Etowah County area; Lafferty's Landing, first steamboat on the upper Coosa River|
|1846||Original survey of Gadsden completed; Gadsden founded in honor of James Gadsden
General Assembly votes to move state capital to Montgomery (first held session there in 1847).
1850 Federal Census
Free black population=2,265
Cotton production in bales=564,429
Corn production in bushels=28,754,048
Number of manufacturing establishments=1,026.
|1861||January 11. Alabama convention votes to secede from the Union.
February 4-8. Alabama invites other Southern states to Montgomery where a constitution for the Confederate States of America was adopted.
February 18. Jefferson Davis of Mississippi sworn in as President of the C.S.A.
February-May. Montgomery serves as C.S.A. capital until move to Richmond, Virginia.
March 20. Alabama Constitution of 1861 adopted.
|1861-1865||194 military land events and 8 naval engagements occurred within the boundaries of Alabama including Streight's Raid in north Alabama (April-May 1863) when Emma Sansom leads General Nathan Forrest over Black Creek
John Wisdom rides to save Rome, Georgia.
|1865||New Alabama Constitution adopted to comply with Presidential Reconstruction dictates to rejoin Union; rejected by U.S. Congress.|
|1866||Baine County formed|
|1867||First newspaper, The Gadsden Times, ran from 04 Jan 1867 to 25 Dec 1873|
|1868||Name of county changed to Etowah, which in Cherokee means a tree bearing good fruit
February. Reconstruction Constitution ratified gaining Alabama readmission to the Union, and allowing black suffrage for the first time.
First industry, Gaylor's Hat Factory
First courthouse in Etowah County.
1870 Federal Census
Cotton production in bales=429,482
Corn production in bushels=16,977,948
Number of manufacturing establishments=2,188.
|1877||First public school in Gadsden|
|1880||1880 Federal Census
State population= 1,262,505.
White population= 662,185
African-American population= 600,103
Urban population= 68,518
Rural population= 1,193,987
Cotton production on bales= 699,654
Corn production in bushels= 25,451,278
Number of manufacturing establishments= 2,070.
|1883||May 2: First fire department
July 4: 21 businesses destroyed in Gadsden's worst fire
Mayor/council form of government
|1884||First college, Walnut Grove|
|1886||Walnut Grove incorporated
First County water works
|1888||First bridge across the Coosa River (railroad/foot)|
1890 Federal Census
State population= 1,513,401.
White population= 833,718
African-American population= 678,489
Urban population= 152,235
Rural population= 1,361,166
Cotton production in bales= 915,210
Corn production in bushels= 30,072,161
Number of manufacturing establishments= 2,977.
|1891||Alabama City founded|
1900 Federal Census
State population= 1,828,697.
White population= 1,001,152
African-American population= 827,307
Urban population= 216,714
Rural population= 1,611,983
Cotton production in bales= 1,106,840
Corn production in bushels= 35,053,047
Number of manufacturing establishments= 5,602.
|1905||First hospital, Baptist Memorial
World's first hydroelectric plant
|1907||Emma Sansom statue dedicated
Alabama Power Company founded
|1908||Alabama law requires the recording of birth or death certificates.|
|1910||1910 Federal Census
Broad Street in Gadsden paved with brick
|1912||Chamber of commerce organized
|1913||First street car in operation|
|1920||1920 Federal Census|
|1925||Holy Name of Jesus Hospital opens
First radio station, WJBY
East Gadsden merged with Gadsden
|1929||Goodyear opens first rubber plant in South|
|1930||1930 Federal Census|
|1931||City commission form of government begins|
|1932||Alabama City and Gadsden merge|
|1934||Final run for streetcar made|
|1935||Gadsden Amphitheatre and Convention Hall completed|
|1936||Statewide recording of marriages begins; prior to then, they were recorded at the county. Not all records are complete.|
|1937||City flag adopted|
|1942||Construction begins on Camp Sibert|
|1946||Hokes Bluff incorporated|
|1950||Rainbow City incorporated|
|1953||Ola Lee Mize awarded Congressional Medal of Honor|
|1954||J. H. Meighan Bridge opened|
|1957||Reece City incorporated|
|1963||Sardis and Mountainboro incorporated|
|1965||Gadsden State Junior College built|
|1967||Gadsden State Technical College built|